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研究生:戴川程
研究生(外文):DAI, CHUAN-CHENG
論文名稱:鉛酸電池放電效率影響之研究
論文名稱(外文):Research on the effect of lead-acid battery on discharge efficiency
指導教授:吳宗亮
指導教授(外文):WU,TSUNG-LIANG
口試委員:郭永麟孫榮宏吳宗亮
口試委員(外文):KUO,YUNG-LINSUN,JUNG-HUNGWU,TSUNG-LIANG
口試日期:2022-07-08
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄科技大學
系所名稱:機電工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2022
畢業學年度:110
語文別:中文
論文頁數:54
中文關鍵詞:鉛酸電池電壓放電率簡單線性迴歸
外文關鍵詞:lead-acid batteryvoltagedischarge ratesimple linear regression
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
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在微電網領域中,供電的穩定性是民生與經濟的基石,尤其是在高敏感產業、連續性生產特性產業,更是不能遭遇電網斷電、設備故障停電、傳導壓降等問題,因此為解決此一問題,使用大容量式的電池來提升電網的電容備載量就是一個可行的方法。而本文主要目的是利用大容量式的鉛酸電池探討其放電率對於電池優劣的評斷,但是有鑒於目前多數都以充放電效率或製程作為判斷的依據,尤其是充電前的電池液比重調整、電池溫度的影響、電壓控制等,並在電池材料上、電池設計優化,使其更為複雜化,為能找出有效並簡化分析,本文使用電池放電率為依據,提升電池妥善率。為了瞭解的妥善率與放電穩定性,藉由大容量式鉛酸電池之負載放電率,在放電期間定時量測其電壓值,得出放電電壓下降的時間梯度,並由此計算出放電斜率與電壓壓差,將其數據標準化後,建立簡單線性迴歸模型,利用均方誤差分析其相關性,統計並分析出各個電池的放電效能。
In the field of micro grid, the stability of power supply is the cornerstone of people's livelihood and economy. Especially in highly sensitive industries and industries with continuous production characteristics, it is impossible to encounter problems such as grid power failure, power equipment failure, and conduction voltage drop. To solve this problem, it is a feasible method to use large-capacity batteries to increase the backup capacity of the power grid. The main purpose of this paper is to evaluate the approach of determining the quality of the large-capacity lead-acidbattery.In viewing of the fact that most of battery quality indexesare based on the charging and discharging efficiency and the adjustment of the specific gravity of the battery liquid before charging. It is complicate that the final performance of the battery is affected by batter temperature, charging and discharging voltage control, and optimization of the chemical compound. In order to find out the effective and simply to conduct analysis in the field, this paper uses the battery discharge rate as the basis to improve the battery availability rate. In order to understand the proper rate and discharge stability, according to the load discharge rate of the large-capacity lead-acid battery, the voltage value of the large-capacity lead-acid battery is measured regularly during the discharge period to obtain the time gradient of the discharge voltage drop, and from this, the discharge slope and the After standardizing the data, a well design linear regression model is established, and the mean square error is used to determinethecorrelation. The discharge efficiency of each battery is also presented and discussed.
摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 vii
符號說明 ix
第一章緒論 1
1.1研究背景 1
1.2研究動機與目的 1
1.3論文架構 2
第二章鉛酸電池設計文獻回顧 3
2.1鉛酸電池應用與解析 3
2.2鉛酸電池的充放電理論 5
2.2.1極板體積的改變 7
2.2.2產氣 7
2.2.3生熱 7
2.3鉛酸電池放電率分析與應用 8
2.3.1比重分析法 8
2.3.2安培小時 9
第三章鉛酸電池硬體架構及實驗方法 10
3.1大容量鉛酸電池的設計流程 10
3.1.1 鉛酸電池充放電硬體架構 10
3.2充放電流程設計 15
3.31.3.3放電品質評估模型 16
第四章數值分析與結果討論 17
4.1分析之理論介紹 17
4.2第一階段放電數值檢測與分析 19
4.3第二階段放電數值檢測與分析 23
4.4放電品質評估模型檢測與分析 27
4.5建模對照與測試 43
第五章結論與未來展望 52
5.1結論 52
5.2未來展望 52
參考文獻 54

1. Dhundhara, S., Verma, Y. P., & Williams, A. (2018). Techno-economic analysis of the lithium-ion and lead-acid battery in microgrid systems. Energy Conversion and Management, 177, 122-142.
2.Fan, X., Liu, B., Liu, J., Ding, J., Han, X., Deng, Y., Lv, X., Xie, Y., Chen, B., Hu, W., & Zhong, C. (2020). Battery Technologies for Grid-Level Large-Scale Electrical Energy Storage. Transactions of Tianjin University, 26(2), 92-103.
3. Gogotsi, Y., & Penner, R. M. (2018). Energy Storage in Nanomaterials - Capacitive, Pseudocapacitive, or Battery-like? ACS Nano, 12(3), 2081-2083.
4. Huck, M., & Sauer, D.-U. (2020). Modeling transient processes in lead-acid batteries in the time domain. Journal of Energy Storage, 29.
5. Ibrahim, N. S. M., Ponniran, A., Rahman, R. A., Martin, M. P., Yassin, A., Eahambram, A., & Aziz, M. H. (2020). Parameters observation of restoration capacity of industrial lead acid battery using high current pulses. International Journal of Power Electronics and Drive Systems (IJPEDS), 11(3).
6. Kebede, A. A., Coosemans, T., Messagie, M., Jemal, T., Behabtu, H. A., Van Mierlo, J., & Berecibar, M. (2021). Techno-economic analysis of lithium-ion and lead-acid batteries in stationary energy storage application. Journal of Energy Storage, 40.
7. Lavety, S., Keshri, R. K., & Chaudhari, M. A. (2021). A dynamic battery model and parameter extraction for discharge behavior of a valve regulated lead-acid battery. Journal of Energy Storage, 33.
8. Li, M., Yang, J., Liang, S., Hou, H., Hu, J., Liu, B., & Kumar, R. V. (2019). Review on clean recovery of discarded/spent lead-acid battery and trends of recycled products. Journal of power sources, 436, 226853.
9. Yang, Y., Bremner, S., Menictas, C., & Kay, M. (2018). Battery energy storage system size determination in renewable energy systems: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 91, 109-125.


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