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研究生:戶來恭子
研究生(外文):Herai Kyoko
論文名稱:產後女性就業的困境與挑戰:以日本勞動市場為例
論文名稱(外文):Challenges of postpartum women in employment: A case study of Japan's labor market
指導教授:謝英哲謝英哲引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsieh, Ali Ying-Che
口試委員:翁晶晶林士平
口試委員(外文):Weng, JingjingLim, Sirirat Sae
口試日期:2022-06-08
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:國際專業管理碩士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2022
畢業學年度:110
語文別:英文
論文頁數:30
中文關鍵詞:日本勞動力市場女性勞動力產後女性就業
外文關鍵詞:Japanese labor marketfemale labor forcepostpartum women in employment
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Despite little change in the employment rate of women in the rest of the world, the proportion of women in employment in Japan has been gradually increasing since 1980. The growth has been particularly significant in more recent years, but the problem is that about half of all Japanese women leave the workforce because of childbirth. Japanese society is likely to see a reduction in the workforce in the future due to the looming birthrate decline. Therefore, increasing the employment rate of women is an urgent issue. However, there was not so many literatures that directly asked women about the current situation in Japan, where approximately 47% of women leave the workforce after the birth of their first child. Hence, I therefore considered that there was a research gap here. Therefore, the aim of this study is to address the main factors influencing the decision-making of women in employment, in order to understand their perspectives as a new force to be reckoned with in the Japanese labor market. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews and responses were obtained from 12 Japanese women. The results revealed that the factors that influence women's thoughts about leaving the workforce are related to seven anxiety factors. These seven anxieties were then found to be in an interdependent relationship. Because all of that are needed, and each has an equal relationship with the other. This will be a main barrier for women who continue to work after giving birth.
INTRODUCTION 1
1.1. Research Background 1
1.2. Research Question 2
1.3. Research Objectives 3
LITERATURE REVIEW 5
2.1. History of Female labor force 5
2.2. Obstacles for Female labor force 6
2.3. Spontaneous Turnover of Female labor force 9
METHODOLOGY 12
3.1. Methodological Approach 12
3.2. Assumption 12
3.3. Data Collection 12
3.4. Data Analysis 13
3.5. Research Ethics 13
FINDINGS AND ANALYSIS 14
4.1. Women’s background 14
4.2. Impact factors 16
4.3. Discussion 23
CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION 26
5.1 Limitations and opportunities for future research 26
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