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研究生(外文):Herai Kyoko
論文名稱(外文):Challenges of postpartum women in employment: A case study of Japan's labor market
指導教授(外文):Hsieh, Ali Ying-Che
口試委員(外文):Weng, JingjingLim, Sirirat Sae
外文關鍵詞:Japanese labor marketfemale labor forcepostpartum women in employment
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Despite little change in the employment rate of women in the rest of the world, the proportion of women in employment in Japan has been gradually increasing since 1980. The growth has been particularly significant in more recent years, but the problem is that about half of all Japanese women leave the workforce because of childbirth. Japanese society is likely to see a reduction in the workforce in the future due to the looming birthrate decline. Therefore, increasing the employment rate of women is an urgent issue. However, there was not so many literatures that directly asked women about the current situation in Japan, where approximately 47% of women leave the workforce after the birth of their first child. Hence, I therefore considered that there was a research gap here. Therefore, the aim of this study is to address the main factors influencing the decision-making of women in employment, in order to understand their perspectives as a new force to be reckoned with in the Japanese labor market. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews and responses were obtained from 12 Japanese women. The results revealed that the factors that influence women's thoughts about leaving the workforce are related to seven anxiety factors. These seven anxieties were then found to be in an interdependent relationship. Because all of that are needed, and each has an equal relationship with the other. This will be a main barrier for women who continue to work after giving birth.
1.1. Research Background 1
1.2. Research Question 2
1.3. Research Objectives 3
2.1. History of Female labor force 5
2.2. Obstacles for Female labor force 6
2.3. Spontaneous Turnover of Female labor force 9
3.1. Methodological Approach 12
3.2. Assumption 12
3.3. Data Collection 12
3.4. Data Analysis 13
3.5. Research Ethics 13
4.1. Women’s background 14
4.2. Impact factors 16
4.3. Discussion 23
5.1 Limitations and opportunities for future research 26
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