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研究生:Yen Nhi Tran-Chuong
研究生(外文):Yen Nhi Tran-Chuong
論文名稱:作為磷酸鹽吸附劑的功能化 Fe3O4-膨潤土複合材料的合成、定性和性能研究
論文名稱(外文):Studies on the synthesis, characterization, and performance of functionalized Fe3O4-bentonite composite as phosphate adsorbent
指導教授:朱義旭
指導教授(外文):Yi-Hsu Ju
口試委員:朱義旭Artik Elisa AngkawijayaAlchris Woo Go陳燿騰
口試委員(外文):Yi-Hsu JuArtik Elisa AngkawijayaAlchris Woo GoYaw-Terng Chern
口試日期:2022-01-08
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣科技大學
系所名稱:化學工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2022
畢業學年度:110
語文別:英文
論文頁數:82
中文關鍵詞:富營養化磷酸鹽去除硫胺素磁性氧化鐵吸附酸活化膨潤土
外文關鍵詞:eutrophicationphosphate removalthiaminemagnetic iron oxideadsorptionacid activated-bentonite
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在人口快速增長的情況下提高農業生產力的迫切需求已造成肥料的倍增使用。肥料中的磷酸鹽 (Pi) 徑流會導致水源富營養化,並嚴重影響其周圍的生態系統。為了解決 Pi 積累問題,本研究探討磁性吸附劑的合成,即 Fe3O4/硫胺素 (FT) 和 FT-膨潤土 (FTB) 複合材料;開發一種用於磁性吸附劑合成的一步化學氧化、沉澱和功能化技術。接著進行物理化學定性以確定 Fe3O4 的形成,及硫胺素和膨潤土的成功摻入,並深入了解影響 FT-90 和 FTB 吸附性的因素。在 90°C 和 NH4OH: Fe 鹽: 硫胺素的摩爾比為 10:1:1 (FT-90) 下合成的 FT (FT-90) 產生的吸附劑在 60oC 下的最大吸附量為 280.954 mg/g,是未改性的 Fe3O4吸附劑的 1.21 倍。在與 FT-90 類似的條件下合成FTB,AAB 與 Fe 鹽的質量比為 0.33。 FTB 在 30oC 下對 Pi 去除的最大吸附容量為 460.385 mg/g,是 FT-90 的 2.07 倍。兩種吸附劑均顯示出與 Langmuir 和 Sips 模型的最佳擬合。 FT-90 和 FTB 的吸附熱力學表明兩種吸附劑的 Pi 吸附過程都是自發發生的,但它對 FT-90 以吸熱方式進行,對 FTB 以放熱方式進行。吸附後定性數據顯示,大表面積和硫胺素和膨潤土官能團的出現有助於提高其吸附去除 Pi 的能力。
The pressing demand to increase agricultural productivity amid the rapidly growing population has exponentially boosted fertilizers usage. Phosphate (Pi) runoff from fertilizers induces eutrophication in water sources and severely affects its surrounding ecosystems. To cope with Pi accumulation problem, this study reported the synthesis of magnetic adsorbents, namely Fe3O4/thiamine (FT) and FT-bentonite (FTB) composites. A one-step chemical oxidation, precipitation and functionalization technique for magnetic adsorbents synthesis was developed. Physicochemical characterizations were conducted to ensure the formation of Fe3O4, confirm the successful incorporation of thiamine as well as bentonite, and gain insight into the factors influencing the adsorptivity of FT-90 and FTB. The FT synthesized at 90C and a molar ratio NH4OH: Fe salt: thiamine of 10:1:1 (FT-90) produces an adsorbent with a maximum capacity of 280.954 mg/g at 60oC, which is 1.21-fold higher than the unmodified Fe3O4. Following that success, FTB was synthesized at similar conditions as FT-90 and with a mass ratio of AAB to Fe salt of 0.33. The FTB obtained has a maximum adsorption capacity for Pi removal of 460.385 mg/g at 30oC, which is 2.07-fold higher than the FT-90. Both adsorbents displayed the best fitting with Langmuir and Sips model. Adsorption thermodynamic of FT-90 and FTB indicate that Pi adsorption process happens spontaneously for both adsorbents, yet it proceeds in an endothermic manner for FT-90 and exothermic for FTB. Post-adsorption characterization data suggested that the large surface area and occurrence of thiamine and bentonite functional groups contribute to enhancing its adsorption capacity for Pi removal.
摘要 ii
ABSTRACT iii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT v
TABLE OF CONTENT vi
LIST OF TABLES viii
LIST OF FIGURES ix
CHAPTER 1 1
1.1. Background 1
1.2. Goal and Objectives 4
1.3. Significant 4
1.4. Scope and limitation 5
CHAPTER 2 6
2.1. Eutrophication 6
2.2. Remediation for eutrophic water 8
2.2.1. Biological Treatment 9
2.2.2. Precipitation 10
2.2.3. Adsorption 12
2.3. Fe3O4 as adsorbent for Pi removal 13
2.3.1. Surface modification 14
2.3.2. Thiamine 15
2.3.3. Porous material 17
CHAPTER 3 19
3.1. Materials 19
3.2. Methods 20
3.2.1. Synthesis of thiamine-functionalized Fe3O4 (FT) 20
3.2.2. Synthesis of functionalized bentonite on FT (FT-bentonite) 21
3.2.3. Characterization 21
3.2.4. Adsorption study 22
3.2.5. Adsorbent reusability 27
3.2.6. Statistical Analysis 28
CHAPTER 4 29
4.1. Functionalized thiamine on Fe3O4 29
4.1.1. Characterization of FT-90 31
4.1.2. Effect of initial pH on Pi adsorption 34
4.1.3. Adsorption isotherm of Pi onto FT-90 magnetic adsorbent 36
4.1.4. Adsorption thermodynamic 39
4.2. Functionalized acid activated-bentonite on Fe3O4/thiamine 40
4.2.1. Characterization of FTB 43
4.2.2. Effect of pH on phosphate adsorption by FTB 46
4.2.3. Adsorption isotherm of Pi onto FTB 47
4.2.4. Adsorption thermodynamic of Pi adsorption onto FTB 52
4.2.5. Reusability of FTB 52
CHAPTER 5 55
5.1. Conclusion 55
5.2. Recommendation 56
REFERENCES 57
APPENDIX 66
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