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研究生:吳銓益
研究生(外文):Wu, Chuan-Yi 
論文名稱:具備頻率追踪迴路之低功耗混頻器優先接收機設計
論文名稱(外文):Design of Low Power Mixer-first Receiver with a Frequency Tracking Loop
指導教授:廖育德
指導教授(外文):Liao, Yu-Te
口試委員:呂良鴻陳新林宗賢陳柏宏廖育德
口試委員(外文):Lu, Liang-HungChen, HsinLin, Tsung-HsienChen, Po-HungLiao, Yu-Te
口試日期:2022-01-17
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立陽明交通大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2022
畢業學年度:110
語文別:英文
論文頁數:136
中文關鍵詞:自頻率追踪迴路混頻器優先接收機N路徑濾波器雙輸入雙輸出電源管理單元感測器讀出電路自頻率追踪接收機線性調頻發射機微生物電化學電池
外文關鍵詞:Self-frequency tracking loopMixer-first receiverN-path filterDual-input-dual-output power management unitSensor readout circuitrySelf-frequency-tracking receiverChirp-modulation transmitterMicrobial electrochemical cells
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摘要 i
Abstract iii
誌 謝 v
Content vi
List of Figures ix
List of Tables xiii
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Application and Development of Wireless Sensor Networks 1
1.2 The Challenges of Wireless Sensor Networks 2
1.3 Duty-cycled Rendezvous Schemes of Wireless Sensor Networks 5
1.4 Considerations of the Low-power Wireless Systems 7
1.5 Thesis Organization 10
Chapter 2 Receiver Design Consideration 11
2.1 Design Considerations of Low Power Receivers 11
2.1.1 Power Consumption 12
2.1.1.1 Reduction of Voltage Supply 12
2.1.1.2 Architecture Design of a Receiver 15
2.1.1.3 System Modulation and Startup Mechanism 17
2.1.2 Sensitivity 18
2.1.3 Interference Immunity 19
2.2 State-of-the-Art in Wake-Up Receivers 21
2.2.1 Direct Envelop Detection Receiver 21
2.2.2 Super-Regenerative Receiver 22
2.2.3 Low IF Receiver 23
2.2.4 Injection Locked Receiver 25
2.2.5 Subsampling Receiver 25
2.2.6 Uncertain IF Receiver 28
2.2.7 Mixer-first Receiver 29
2.3 Chapter Conclusion 30
Chapter 3 Mixer-first Receiver with N-path Passive Methodology 32
3.1 Path number selection of N-Path Passive Mixers 33
3.2 Single-to-Differential Passive Mixer 35
3.2.1 The Input Impedance of the Two-path Passive Mixer 35
3.2.1.1 Input impedance of Zero-IF SDPM 37
3.2.1.2 Input Impedance of Heterodyne SDPM 42
3.2.1.3 Input Impedance with LO Harmonics Influence 46
3.2.2 Frequency Response of Single-to-Differential Passive Mixer 49
3.2.2.1 Input Frequency Response of SDPM 49
3.2.2.2 Zero-IF Output Frequency Response of SDPM 51
3.2.2.3 Heterodyne Output Frequency Response of SDPM 52
3.2.3 Noise Analysis of Single-to-Differential Passive Mixer 54
3.3 Frequency Tracking Mechanism 57
3.4 Chapter Conclusion 62
Chapter 4 433 MHz Mixer-First Receiver with a Self-Frequency Tracking Loop 63
4.1 OOK Receiver 63
4.1.1 RF Front-End Matching Network 64
4.1.2 Self-Adjusted Frequency Tracking Circuit 67
4.1.2.1 Phase Frequency Detector and Charge Pump 71
4.1.2.2 4-bit DAC 72
4.1.3 IF Band Gain and Demodulation Path 72
4.1.4 Data Acquisition Path with Envelop Detector and Comparator 74
4.1.5 Digital Control LC Oscillator 75
4.2 OOK/BFSK Receiver 77
4.2.1 Calibration/ Demodulation Selector 78
4.2.2 BFSK Demodulation Path 79
4.2.3 Digital Comparator 81
4.2.4 Data Correlator 82
4.3 Measurement and Discussion 85
4.3.1 Measurement Setup 85
4.3.2 Measurement Results 86
4.4 Chapter Conclusion 102
Chapter 5 Self-powering Wireless Soil-pH and Electrical Conductance Monitoring IC with Hybrid Microbial Electrochemical and Photovoltaic Energy Harvesting 103
5.1 Motivation 103
5.2 Self-powering Wireless Soil-pH and Electrical Conductance Monitoring IC with Hybrid Microbial Electrochemical and Photovoltaic Energy Harvesting 106
5.2.1 Dual-Input Dual-Output Power Management Unit 107
5.2.2 Sensor Readout Circuitry 108
5.2.3 Self-Frequency Tracking Receiver 111
5.2.4 Chirp-Modulation Transmitter 115
5.3 Measurement setup and results 118
5.3.1 DIDO PMU Measurement Results 118
5.3.2 SRC Measurement Results 120
5.3.3 SFT-RX Measurement Results 122
5.3.4 CMTX Measurement Results 125
5.4 Summary 127
Chapter 6 Conclusion and Future Work 128
Reference 129
Publication List 136
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