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論文名稱(外文):Porous Corundum by Ceramic Photo-polymerization Technology
外文關鍵詞:Vat Photopolymerizationcorundum,porous materialsceramic photopolymerizationceramic sinteringultravioletstereolithography.
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本研究主要的目的是以陶瓷光固化成型技術製備剛玉多孔材之配方與製程研究。使用剛玉粉體為起始原料,利用添加光引發劑的丙烯酸酯單體為載體,經過行星式高速球磨分散後,將前驅物使用波長405nm的UV光線進行光固化反應,得到的生胚樣品經過熱脫脂與高溫燒結後,可以得到剛玉多孔材。剛玉多孔材樣品分別使用掃描式電子顯微鏡(SEM)進行微結構分析、X繞射分析儀(XRD)進行結晶相分析、阿基米德法進行體密度之量測與孔隙率計算、以及滲透率測試等。在16%剛玉粉末比例中,1300℃孔隙率為28.89%、1400℃為28.16%、1500℃為26.44%;20%剛玉粉末比例中,1300℃孔隙率為28.62%、1400℃為21.24%、1500℃為20.53%。結果顯示固含量大於16 vol%的剛玉生胚經過600度的熱脫脂處理後可以保持樣品的原型,經過1300度以上燒結熱處理後可以得到多孔的剛玉樣品,達成本研究以陶瓷光固化技術製備剛玉多孔材的目的。
The main purpose of this research is to study the processes to prepare the porous corundum samples by a ceramic photopolymerization technology. The corundum powder as the starting material, and the photoinitiator-added acrylate monomer as the carrier, after mixed and dispersed by a planetary high-speed ball miller, the precursors were photo-cured by UV light with a wavelength of 405 nm, and the green compacts were obtained. After thermal debinding and high-temperature sintering, the porous corundum samples can be obtained. In this study, the porous corundum samples were analyzed including microstructures by scanning electron microscope (SEM), crystalline phases by X-ray diffraction (XRD) method, bulk density and porosity by Archimedes method, as well as the permeability test, etc. In the 16% corundum powder ratio, the porosity at 1300°C is 28.89%, 1400°C is 28.16%, and 1500°C is 26.44%; in the 20% corundum powder ratio, the porosity at 1300°C is 28.62%, 1400°C is 21.24%, 1500°C °C is 20.53%. The results show that the corundum green compact with solid content greater than 16 vol% can be maintained, after thermal treatment at 600 oC. After sintering at 1300 oC, the porous corundum samples can be obtained. That coincides the purpose of this study.
目錄 IV
表目錄 VII
圖目錄 VIII
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 前言 1
1-2 光固化簡介 2
1-3 研究背景 4
1-4 實驗目的 4
1-5 論文架構 5
第二章 文獻回顧 7
2-1 3D列印技術簡介 7
2-2 3D列印技術應用 10
2-2-1 製造列印應用 10
2-2-2 醫療列印應用 13
2-2-3 生物列印應用 13
2-2-4 藥物列印製程 14
2-2-5 工業列印應用 14
2-2-6 社會文化應用 17
2-3 3D列印技術分類 18
2-3-1 光聚合固化成型技術( Vat Photopolymerization) 20
2-3-2 噴墨成型技術( Inkjet Technology) 20
2-3-3 黏合性噴膠成型技術( Binder Jetting) 21
2-3-4 粉體床河熔融成型技術( Powder Bed Fusion) 22
2-3-5 材料擠壓成型 ( Material Extrusion) 24
2-3-6 定向能量沉積成型技術 ( Directed Energy Deposition) 24
2-3-7 板層擠壓成型技術 ( Sheet Lamination) 25
2-4 光固化樹脂簡介 26
2-4-1 光固化樹脂的起源 26
2-4-2 光固化反應機制 28
2-4-3 常見的光固化樹脂 32
2-5 剛玉簡介 35
2-6 多孔陶瓷介紹 36
第三章 實驗 39
3-1 實驗藥品與設備 40
3-1-1 實驗藥品 40
3-1-2 實驗設備 41
3-2 實驗步驟 48
3-2-1 原料製備 48
3-2-2 研磨(桌上型行星式球磨機) 48
3-2-3 光固化成型(UV放射光儀器) 48
3-2-4 熱脫脂(桌上型真空高溫管型爐) 49
3-2-5 燒結(箱型高溫爐) 51
3-2-6 樣品分析 52
3-3 配方成分與燒結條件 57
第四章 結果與討論 58
4-1 熱重分析儀(TGA) 58
4-2 X射線繞射儀(XRD)分析 59
4-3 燒結密度與孔隙率 62
4-4 14%樣品燒窯試片整理 66
第五章 結論 70
參考文獻 71

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