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研究生:鄭宇程
研究生(外文):CHENG, YU-CHENG
論文名稱:參加課外活動有用嗎?從職涯建構理論解釋職涯相關課外活動對職涯適應力與求職策略之影響
論文名稱(外文):Does participate in extracurricular activities work?Explaining the effects of extracurricular activities on career adaptability and job search strategies based on career construction theory
指導教授:黃櫻美黃櫻美引用關係
指導教授(外文):HUANG, YIN-MEI
口試委員:吳祉芸陳信宏
口試委員(外文):WU, CHIH-YUNCHEN, HSIN-HUNG
口試日期:2022-07-20
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東海大學
系所名稱:企業管理學系碩士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2022
畢業學年度:110
語文別:中文
論文頁數:79
中文關鍵詞:課外活動職涯適應力求職策略
外文關鍵詞:extracurricular activitiescareer adaptabilityjob search strategies
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  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:162
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本研究目的在探討職涯相關課外活動之參與情形是否能有效提升職涯適應力,與影響求職策略之選擇,以及職涯適應力是否會中介職涯相關課外活動與求職策略之關係。本研究對課外活動進行系統性之分類,確認出六項職涯相關課外活動,並以多元指標就各項職涯相關課外活動進行衡量,以檢視各項職涯相關課外活動對職涯適應力之獨特影響力。本研究為長期追蹤之研究,採用長期間多時點之重複衡量方式進行實地調查,為期收取兩階段問卷資料,第一時點(T1)為個人基本資料、課外活動參與情形與職涯適應力,第二時點(T2)為職涯適應力與求職策略。本研究之對象為應屆畢業之大學生,從大四到畢業前找到工作期間的學職轉換階段,將會持續地調查測試。
研究發現,職涯相關課外活動多樣性對職涯適應力有正向影響,即參與愈多類型的職涯相關課外活動愈能有效提升職涯關注、職涯控制、職涯好奇與職涯信心。此外,職涯關注對探索策略、聚焦策略有正向影響,對職涯有高度關注力的大學生愈傾向採用廣泛性或是專注特定公司的資訊搜集方式。職涯控制對聚焦策略有正向影響,對職涯有愈高控制力的大學生,愈傾向採用專注特定公司的資訊搜集方式。職涯好奇對隨意策略有正向影響,對未來職涯充滿好奇心的大學生,愈傾向採用亂槍打鳥的方式來搜尋工作資訊。職涯信心對探索策略有正向影響,對自己的職涯具備足夠信心的大學生,愈傾向採用多面向嘗試的資訊搜尋方式。然而,本研究並未發現職涯適應力會中介職涯相關課外活動與求職策略之關係。

This study aims to investigate whether the participation in career-related extracurricular activities can effectively enhance career resilience and influence the choice of job search strategies, and whether career resilience mediates the relationship between career-related extracurricular activities and job search strategies. The indicators were categorized into participation, frequency of participation, duration of participation, involvement and commitment. The first time point (T1) is for basic personal information, participation in extracurricular activities and career adaptability, and the second time point (T2) is for career adaptability and job search strategies, and the transition period from senior year to finding a job before graduation will be The second point (T2) is career adjustment and job search strategies.
The study found that the diversity of career-related extracurricular activities had a positive effect on career resilience, i.e., the more types of career-related extracurricular activities they participated in, the more effective they were in enhancing career concern, career control, career curiosity, and career confidence. In addition, career concern has a positive effect on exploration and focus strategies. College students who are highly concerned about their careers tend to adopt a broad or company-specific information gathering approach. Career control has a positive effect on focus strategy. The more control students have over their careers, the more they tend to use company-specific information gathering methods. Career curiosity positively influences the casual strategy. Students who are curious about their future career tend to search for job information in a random way. Career confidence positively influenced the exploration strategy, and university students who had enough confidence in their career were more likely to adopt a multi-directional approach to search for information. However, this study did not find that career adaptability mediated the relationship between career-related extracurricular activities and job search strategies.

謝誌 i
中文摘要 ii
Abstract iii
目錄 iv
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 vii
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究動機 2
第三節 研究目的 4
第二章 文獻探討 5
第一節 課外活動 5
一、 課外活動定義和內涵 5
二、 課外活動的分類和衡量尺度 6
第二節 職涯適應力 7
一、 職涯適應力定義和內涵 7
二、 職涯適應力的四大構面 11
三、 職涯相關課外活動與職涯適應力之關係 13
第三節 求職策略 15
一、 求職策略的定義 15
二、 職涯適應力與求職搜索策略之關係 16
三、 職涯相關課外活動、職涯適應力與求職搜索策略之關係 17
第三章 研究方法 17
第一節 研究架構與假設 18
第二節 研究對象 19
第三節 研究流程 21
第四節 研究變數衡量方式 22
第五節 資料分析方法 27
第四章 研究結果 28
第一節 驗證性因素分析 28
第二節 相關分析 30
第三節 迴歸分析 32
第五章 結論與建議 44
第一節 研究討論 44
第二節 管理意涵 46
第三節 研究限制 47
第四節 未來研究方向 47
參考文獻 48
【附錄一、專家效度問卷】 57
【附錄二、時點一(T1)研究問卷】 61
【附錄三、時點二(T2)研究問卷】 67

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