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研究生:黃映婷
論文名稱:救援及抵抗性仿生設計: 面對捷運站裡的生化攻擊
論文名稱(外文):A Biomimicry Design For Rescue and Resistance Against Bio-chemical Attack in Underground Metro Station
指導教授:邱國維邱國維引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kuowei Eleazar-Godfrey Chiu
口試委員:陳柏宇卓逸民邱國維
口試委員(外文):CHEN, PO-YUTSO, I-MINKuowei Eleazar-Godfrey Chiu
口試日期:2022-07-15
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東海大學
系所名稱:建築學系
學門:建築及都市規劃學門
學類:建築學類
論文種類:代替論文:技術報告(應用科技類)
論文出版年:2022
畢業學年度:110
語文別:英文
論文頁數:70
中文關鍵詞:救援及抵抗性仿生設計捷運站生化攻擊
外文關鍵詞:Biomimicry DesignRescue and ResistanceBio-chemical AttackUnderground Metro Station
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  • 下載下載:22
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
隨著科學技術的進步,大規模殺傷性武器(WMD)的迅速發展成為全球日益增長的危險。大規模殺傷性武器包括核、放射性、化學、生物武器。由於它易於生產且對人類和動物具有高度的破壞性,因此成為在人流量大的地區(例如火車站和捷運站)進行恐怖襲擊的常用武器。東京地鐵站沙林毒氣襲擊(1995)是歷史上令人震驚的恐怖襲擊事件之一,台北車站的空間和交通規劃也很複雜。尋路困難是人們在緊急情況下逃生的一個嚴重問題。救援及抵抗性仿生設計: 面對捷運站裡的生化攻擊將介紹8個策略,靈感來自10多種生物,如何將仿生設計應用到台北車站,以拯救生命。例如,滑動逃生系統的創作靈感來自蛇的運動,臨時安全氣囊的想法是模仿蝸牛的外殼為無法逃生的人提供臨時庇護等。動物的結構和行為提出了各種應對緊急情況的方法,尤其是它們如何避開掠食者以挽救生命。動物利用其與生俱來的技能在地球上比人類壽命更長,因此,從自然發展而來的應急系統是我們學習的榜樣。
With the advance in science and technology, the rapid development in weapons of mass destruction (WMD) becomes a rising danger to the globe. WMD includes nuclear, radiological, chemical, biological weapons. Since it is easy to produce and highly catastrophic to humans and animals, it becomes a common weapon for terrorist attacks in high-traffic areas, for instance, train and metro stations. The Sarin gas attack in Tokyo Metro Station (1995) is one of the astonishing terrorist attacks in history, and the Taipei Main Station has complicated space and circulation planning as well, in which people feels frustrated to in terms of its way-finding and not user friendly to pregant women, disabled, and elderly. Problemetic wayfinding is a serious issue for people to escape during emergency. A Biomimicry Design For Rescue and Resistance Against Bio-chemical Attack in Underground Metro Station will introduce 8 strategies inspired by more than 10 species, on how biomimicry design can be applied to the Taipei Main Station, in order to save lives from terrorist attacks in traffic hubs. For instances, the creation of sliding escape system is inspired by the movement of snake, the idea of the temporary safety air bag is mimicking the shell of snail to provide a temporary shelter to people who are unable to escape, and the concept of having flexible walls next to the exit is inspired by peacock on how and why they spread their feather etc. Animal’s structures and behaviours have suggested various methods to cope with emergency, especially how they avoid predators to save their lives. Animals used their innate skills to live longer than humans on earth, thus, the contingency system developed from nature is our role model to learn from.


Chapter 1 | Introduction
+ Anthropocene Problem, Urbanization in and for the Anthropocene
+ Industrial Revolution, Measures of the Anthropocene
+ Development of Metro System
+ Taiwan’s Urbanization Rate

Chapter 2 | Method & Research Strategies
+ Biomimicry Design Process
+ Life’s Principles
+ SDGs
+ Urban Design Strategies

Chapter 3 | Biomimicry Design

Grafting to Mars: Mars Exhibition at National Museum of Natural Science
+ Mars Introduction: The Martian
+ Design Concept: Mars Electro

Chapter 4 | Urban Design Strategies

Demos Kratos Pavilion: 2070 Tunghai University Campus Design
+ Concept Statement
+ Site & Precinct Analysis
+ Concept Development
+ Zoning & Arrangement Plan
+ Renderings

Mies Memorial Library
+ Site Selection & Concept Statement
+ Circulation & Visibility Analysis
+ Concept Development
+ Zoning & Arrangement Plan
+ Rendering & Design Sketches

Chapter 5 | Thematic Thesis: A Biomimicry Design For Rescue and Resistance Against Bio-chemical Attack in Underground Metro Station
+ Introduction of Weapons of Mass Destruction
+ Terrorist Attack
+ Biological Attack in History
+ Historical Incident of Bio-chemical Attack: Sarin Gas Attack in Tokyo Metro
+ Site Analysis of existing Taipei Main Station
+ Scoping of Problems
+ Identify Functions
+ Why Biomimicry?
+ SDGs
+ Design Synthesis & Response
+ Simulation Rendering
+ Design Strategies & Biological Models
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