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研究生:賴柏安
研究生(外文):LAI, PO-AN
論文名稱:擴增實境應用於生產線配合機械手臂實作視覺化之研究
論文名稱(外文):Application of Augmented Reality in Production Line with Robotic Arm to Realize Visualization
指導教授:陳凱瀛陳凱瀛引用關係
指導教授(外文):CHEN, KAI-YING
口試委員:陳凱瀛黃瀅瑛董金偉
口試委員(外文):CHEN, KAI-YINGHUANG, YING-YINTUNG, CHIN-WEI
口試日期:2022-06-02
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:工業工程與管理系
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2022
畢業學年度:110
語文別:中文
論文頁數:63
中文關鍵詞:擴增實境生產線自動化機械手臂機械視覺
外文關鍵詞:Augmented realityProduction line automationMechanical armMachine vision
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近年來全世界製造產能緊縮,需要透過改善產線來提升生產力,因此本研究希望透過在生產線上透過機械手臂及擴增實境的配合來有效提升產能,而擴增實境是將虛擬資訊堆疊於真實世界場景當中,能夠將簡單的移動、撿料,交由視覺辨識來執行,替生產線上的人員分憂。
本研究透過生產線的模擬在輸送帶上通過機械手臂的視覺辨識,進行所需的料件夾取,為了更貼近現實狀況,輸送帶上的移動速度將成為影響機械手臂視覺辨識的變因,以擴增實境了解現場狀況,透過視覺化來了解現場的產能,在生產線加入變因,訓練機械手臂能夠應對外來不可控因素,並且透過擴增實境了解現場工程狀況、現場的產能及生產速度,節省在生產線上的人力以及移動時間。

In recent years, the world's manufacturing capacity has been shrinking, and the production line has limited production capacity. It is necessary to improve the production line capacity to increase productivity. Therefore, this study hopes to effectively increase production capacity through the cooperation of robotic arms and augmented reality on the production line.
Augmented reality is to stack virtual information in real world scenes, and it can perform simple movement and picking materials by visual recognition, so as to share the worries for the personnel on the production line.
In this study, through the visual identification of the robotic arm on the conveyor belt through the simulation of the production line, the required material clamping is carried out. In order to be closer to the reality, the moving speed on the conveyor belt will become a variable factor affecting the visual identification of the robotic arm.
Through augmented reality to understand the situation of the site, it is possible to understand the production capacity of the site through visualization, add variables to the production line, train the robotic arm to deal with external variables, and through the augmented reality to understand the on-site engineering status. The production capacity and production speed can be increase, thereby saving manpower and moving time on the production line.

目錄

目錄 v
表目錄 vii
圖目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 1
1.3 研究流程 3
第二章 文獻探討 5
2.1 智慧製造 5
2.1.1 智慧製造的歷史 6
2.2 擴增實境 8
2.2.1 擴增實境的發展歷史 8
2.2.2 擴增實境的系統架構 13
2.2.3 擴增實境的應用 13
第三章 研究方法 16
3.1 研究流程 16
3.2 系統架構 17
3.3 本研究使用之軟體與硬體 20
3.3.1 微軟Hololens擴增實境眼鏡 20
3.3.2 達明協作型機械手臂 20
3.3.3 Mindstorm EV3 22
3.3.4 Visual studio 23
第四章 系統開發與實作 24
4.1 研究之生產線情境 24
4.2 研究之設備環境建置 24
4.2.1 EV3硬體建置 24
4.2.2 TM5-900系統建置 28
4.3 Hololens2 數據監測系統建置 35
4.3.1 使用之軟體版本 35
4.3.2 系統UI功能介紹 37
4.4 系統發布 51
第五章 結論與建議 59
5.1 研究結論 60
5.2 研究建議 61
參考文獻 62



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