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研究生:蔡易霖
研究生(外文):Tsai, Yi-Lin
論文名稱:不同下肢主導慣性離心訓練對於大專游泳選手運動表現之影響
論文名稱(外文):The Influence of Different Between Lower-limb Dominant Inertial Flywheel Eccentric Overload Training on Swimming Performance of Collegiate Swimmers
指導教授:陳奕良陳奕良引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chen, Yi-Liang
口試日期:2022-01-10
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:臺北市立大學
系所名稱:競技運動訓練研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:競技運動學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2022
畢業學年度:110
語文別:中文
論文頁數:36
中文關鍵詞:離心訓練游泳跳水出發肌力訓練
外文關鍵詞:eccentric trainingswimmingswimming startstrength training
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目的:本研究在於探討介入不同下肢主導慣性離心訓練後,髖關節與膝關節主導組對於大專游泳選手運動表現之差異。方法:18位大專游泳選手參與實驗,於第一週進行下蹲跳測驗、蹲踞跳測驗以及游泳出發測驗。受試者依據跳水出發測驗結果,平均分配至髖主導組或膝主導組,並介入連續8週,每周3次,共24次慣性離心訓練,並於介入後一週(第10週)進行後測。本研究使用二因子混合設計變異數分析進行事後數據分析。結果:經過8週訓練後發現髖主導訓練組在下蹲跳峰值力、出發跳躍距離有顯著提升(p<.05);膝主導訓練組則是在下蹲跳峰值力、下蹲跳高度、蹲踞跳高度、出發飛行時間、出發跳躍距離與15公尺時間發現有顯著提升(p<.05),不過組間並無差異(p>.05)。結論:8週髖或膝關節主導的慣性離心訓練,皆可以改善游泳選手爆發力與跳水出發表現。
Purpose: This study was to investigate the differences between lower-limb-dominant inertial flywheel eccentric-overload training (EOL) on swimming performance. Methods: Eighteen collegiate swimmers completed the study. The participants separated into the hip-dominant or knee-dominant groups. All Participants were trained three times a week for eight weeks. Subjects performed tests of countermovement jump (CMJ), static squat jump (SJ), swimming start performance. A two-way mixed ANOVA was used to analyze the data. Results: CMJ peak force, jump distance of swimming start were significantly (p< .05) improved in the hip-dominant group. CMJ peak force, CMJ height, SJ height, flight time, jump distance, and time to 15 meters of swimming start were significantly (p< .05) increase in the knee-dominant group. There were no interaction effects (p> .05) in groups. Conclusion: Eight weeks hip-dominant or knee-dominant EOL, can improve swimming start performance.
原創聲明書 ii
碩士學位考試審定書 iii
摘要 iv
Abstract v
謝誌 vi
目錄 vii
表目錄 ix
圖目錄 x
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第三節 研究假設 3
第四節 操作型名詞定義 4
第貳章 文獻探討 5
第一節 不同下肢主導訓練對於運動表現影響 5
第二節 阻力訓練對於游泳表現之影響 7
第三節 慣性離心訓練當前運用 9
第四節 文獻總結 10
第參章 研究方法 11
第一節 研究對象 11
第二節 研究流程 12
第三節 檢測方法 15
第四節 訓練計畫 19
第五節 資料處理與統計方法 20
第肆章 結果與討論 21
第一節 下肢陸上表現之影響 21
第二節 游泳出發測驗前後測之影響 26
第伍章 結論與建議 30
第一節 結論 30
第二節 建議 30
參考文獻 32
中文文獻 32
英文文獻 33
中文文獻:
1.李垂裕、黃長福、李靜雯 (2013)。游泳抓台式與起跑式出發之水面下運動生物力學分析。華人運動生物力學期刊,(9),11-17。
2.林淑鈴(譯)(2017)。麥克波羅伊功能性訓練聖經。臺北市:臉譜。(Michael Boyle,2016)。
3.林麗娟 (1994)。不同比例之等速離心和向心聯合收縮對肱三頭肌肌力和肌耐力之影響。體育學報,(18),255-266。
4.陳玫伶 (2013),慣性式肌力訓練對排球動作表現之影響(未出版碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
5.陳羿揚、蔡虔祿 (2018)。探討不同深蹲下肢動作對訓練效益與傷害的影響。屏東大學體育,(4),179-189。
6.陳福君、許瓊云、劉強 (2015)。穿著捷泳阻力訓練背心對游泳划幅、划頻及速度之影響。華人運動生物力學期刊,12,89-94。
7.張俊杰、魏宏文 (2019)。相同強度的臀推和前蹲練習對下肢速度和爆發力的即刻影響。河北體育學院學報,(6),15。
8.陶武訓、梁澤敬、邱志暉 (2019)。下肢增強式訓練聯合腿後肌群阻力訓練能提升短跨選手運動表現。運動教練科學,(55),1-9。

英文文獻:
1.Barbalho, M., Coswig, V., Souza, D., Serrao, J. C., Campos, M. H., & Gentil, P. (2020). Back squat vs. hip thrust resistance-training programs in well-trained women. International journal of sports medicine, 41(05), 306-310.
2.Bret, C., Rahmani, A., Dufour, A. B., Messonnier,L., & Lacour, J. R. (2002). Leg strength and stiffness as ability factors in 100 m sprint running. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 42(3), 274-281.
3.Comfort, P., Bullock, N., & Pearson, S. J. (2012).A comparison of maximal squat strength and 5-, 10-, and 20-meter sprint times, in athletes and recreationally trained men. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 26(4), 937-940.
4.Contreras, B., Vigotsky, A. D., Schoenfeld, B. J., Beardsley, C., McMaster, D. T., Reyneke, J. H., & Cronin, J. B. (2017). Effects of a six-week hip thrust vs. front squat resistance training program on performance in adolescent males: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 31(4), 999-1008.
5.Costill, D. L., Maglischo, E. W.,& Richardson, A. B. (1992).Handbook of Sports Medicine and Science: Swimming. Oxford, United Kingdom: Blackwell Scientific Publications.
6.Cuenca-Fernández, F., López-Contreras, G., & Arellano, R. (2015). Effect on swimming start performance of two types of activation protocols: lunge and YoYo squat. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 29(3), 647-655.
7.Flanagan, S., SALEM, G. J., Wang, M. Y., SANKER, S. E., & GREENDALE, G. A. (2003). Squatting exercises in older adults: kinematic and kinetic comparisons. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 35(4), 635.
8.González-García, J., Morencos, E., Balsalobre-Fernández, C., Cuéllar-Rayo, Á., & Romero-Moraleda, B. (2019). Effects of 7-week hip thrust versus back squat resistance training on performance in adolescent female soccer players. Sports, 7(4), 80.
9.Grant, M. C., & Kavaliauskas, M. (2017). Land based resistance training and youth swimming performance. International journal of sports and exercise medicine, 3(4), 064.
10.Haff, G. G., Carlock, J. M., Hartman, M. J., & Kilgore, J. L. (2005). Force-time curve characteristics of dynamic and isometric muscle actions of elite women olympic weightlifters. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19(4), 741.
11.Hawley, J. A., Williams, M. M., Vickovic, M. M., & Handcock, P. J. (1992). Muscle power predicts freestyle swimming performance. British journal of sports medicine, 26(3), 151-155.
12.Maroto-Izquierdo, S., García-López, D., & de Paz, J. A. (2017). Functional and muscle-size effects of flywheel resistance training with eccentric-overload in professional handball players. Journal of human kinetics, 60, 133.
13.Núñez, F. J., Santalla, A., Carrasquila, I., Asian, J. A., Reina, J. I., & Suarez-Arrones, L. J. (2018). The effects of unilateral and bilateral eccentric overload training on hypertrophy, muscle power and COD performance, and its determinants, in team sport players. PloS one, 13(3), e0193841.
14.Onambélé, G. L., Maganaris, C. N., Mian, O. S., Tam, E., Rejc, E., McEwan, I. M., & Narici, M. V. (2008). Neuromuscular and balance responses to flywheel inertial versus weight training in older persons. Journal of biomechanics, 41(15), 3133-3138.
15.Sabido, R., Pombero, L., & Hernández-Davó, J. L. (2019). Differential effects of low vs. high inertial loads during an eccentric-overload training intervention in rugby union players: a preliminary study. The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness, 59(11), 1805-1811.
16.Smith, D. J., Norris, S. R., & Hogg, J. M. (2002). Performance evaluation of swimmers. Sports medicine, 32(9), 539-554.
17.Styles, W. J., Matthews, M. J., & Comfort, P.(2016). Effects of strength training on squat and sprint performance in soccer players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 30(6), 1534-1539.
18.Suarez-Arrones, L., Núñez, F. J., Lara-Lopez, P., Di Salvo, V., & Méndez-Villanueva, A. (2020). Inertial flywheel knee-and hip-dominant hamstring strength exercises in professional soccer players: Muscle use and velocity-based (mechanical) eccentric overload. Plos one, 15(10), e0239977.
19.Tanner, R., & Gore, C. (2012). Physiological tests for elite athletes. Human kinetics.
20.Thng, S., Pearson, S., & Keogh, J. W. (2019). Relationships between dry-land resistance training and swim start performance and effects of such training on the swim start: a systematic review. Sports Medicine, 1-17.
21.Thng, S., Pearson, S., & Keogh, J. W. (2021). Pushing up or pushing out—an initial investigation into horizontal-versus vertical-force training on swimming start performance: a pilot study. PeerJ, 9, e10937.
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