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研究生:袁景軒
研究生(外文):Yeng Chun Man
論文名稱:透過啟發性的媒體内容建立韌性
論文名稱(外文):Resilience building through inspiring media content
指導教授:林淑芳林淑芳引用關係
指導教授(外文):Lin, Shu-Fang
口試委員:鄭怡卉胡欣慧
口試委員(外文):Cheng, I-HueiHu, Hsin-Hui
口試日期:2022-08-09
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:國際傳播英語碩士學位學程(IMICS)
學門:傳播學門
學類:一般大眾傳播學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2022
畢業學年度:111
語文別:英文
論文頁數:51
中文關鍵詞:韌性希望趨近動機啟發性媒體擴展與建構理論
外文關鍵詞:ResilienceHopeApproach motivationInspirational mediaBroaden-and-build theory
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在過去兩年中疫情在全球肆虐,「韌性」這個概念再次受到大家的關注。這個突如其來的挑戰讓大家措手不及,不僅對個人造成影響,也影響了全世界。在這段日子裡,人們在生活上經歷了不同程度的影響。儘管疫情對人類造成了廣大的影響,有些人還是展現出了迅速的適應能力。為了研究此現象,本研究採用了 Fredrickson (2002) 所提出的「擴展與建構理論」(broaden-and-build theory)來解釋人們如何在日常生活中建構韌性。此外,本研究旨在探索啟發性的媒體內容,特別是弱勢角色敘述,所引起的希望情緒是否對建構韌性有正面的影響。不僅如此,本研究也加入了趨近動機(approach motivation)來測試希望情緒與韌性之間的中介效果。本研究採用實驗法,招募了76位受試者,將他們平均分配至兩個組別:弱勢組和對照組(大自然組)。研究結果顯示,觀看弱勢角色敘述可以誘發希望情緒,繼而助於提升個人的韌性。除此之外,研究也發現,趨近動機部分中介了希望情緒與韌性之間的關係。本研究有助於了解觀看啟發性媒體內容的心理機制及對其個人任性的影響。
In the past two years, the notion of resilience has received much attention again due to the pandemic outbreak. Such unexpected challenge has affected people globally and personally, which caught most people off guard and experience different extents of disruption in their daily lives. Yet, despite being unprepared for the crisis, some people have shown a rapid adaptation. To examine this phenomenon, this study adopted Fredrickson (2001)’s broaden-and-build theory to explain the cultivation of resilience in daily life. Furthermore, this study aimed to explore whether the hope emotion induced by inspirational media, in particular, underdog narrative, could positively influence cultivation. Moreover, this study also included approach motivation to test the mediation effect between hope and resilience. This experimental study recruited 76 participants and divided them into two groups: the underdog and the nature group. Results show that viewing the underdog narrative can induce hope emotion which can improve one’s resilience. Furthermore, the findings also revealed that approach motivation partially mediates the relationship between hope emotion and resilience. In conclusion, this study helps to understand the underlying mechanism of watching inspirational media and its psychological impact on the viewers.
Acknowledgement i
Abstract iii
Table of Contents v
List of Figures vii
List of Tables vii
Chapter 1. Introduction 1
1.1 Research background and purpose 1
1.2 Research objective 4
Chapter 2. Literature Review 5
2.1 Resilience 5
2.1.1 Positive emotions as a basic building block of resilience 8
2.2 The Broaden-and-Build Theory 9
2.2.1 The broaden hypothesis 11
2.2.2 The build hypothesis 13
2.3 Hope 14
2.3.1 Hope in meaningful entertainment media narratives 16
2.4 Motivation 18
2.4.1 Hope emotion activates approach motivation 19
2.4.2 The relationship between approach motivation and resilience 20
Chapter 3. Method 21
3.1 Research model 21
3.2 Participants 21
3.3 Experimental design 22
Chapter 4. Results 28
4.1 Manipulation checks 28
4.2 Hypothesis testing 30
Chapter 5. Discussion and Conclusion 32
5.1 Implication for theory 34
5.2 Implications for practice 34
5.3 Limitation and future research 35
References 37
Appendix A: Statement of informed consent 48
Appendix B: Questionnaire 49
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