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研究生:葉書昀
研究生(外文):Yeh, Shu-Yun
論文名稱:運用空間型構法則探討街道步行空間特徵之研究
論文名稱(外文):Research of Applying Space Syntax to Identify the Characteristics of Walking Space in Urban Street Configuration
指導教授:鄭皓騰鄭皓騰引用關係
指導教授(外文):Cheng, Hao-Teng
口試委員:張珩張秀慈陳志宏
口試日期:2023-06-15
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:都市計劃學系
學門:建築及都市規劃學門
學類:都市規劃學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2023
畢業學年度:111
語文別:中文
論文頁數:119
中文關鍵詞:空間型構法則街道視覺可步行性步行需求
外文關鍵詞:Space SyntaxStreet Visual WalkabilityWalking Needs
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Kevin Lynch都市意象體現了視覺對於都市規劃的重要性。隨著近年各城市強調步行空間規劃的脈絡下,視覺可步行性(Visual Walkability)作為新興的概念,街道作為形塑都市意象最重要的公共空間,使用者在步行過程中將受視覺資訊所引導,因此須著重強調視覺元素對步行意願的影響。空間型構法則(Space Syntax)為一種研究空間網絡型態的方法,其以視覺作為界定空間單元的基礎,其劃分方式能反映使用者如何看待空間,且在能涵括整體路網特性下,已證明能預測使用者真實步行的情況並適宜用於實質規劃。
本研究目的為探討臺北市的街道步行空間特徵,以臺北市莒光、大龍峒、健康社會住宅作為研究對象,社會住宅被賦予多樣化的生活機能,將會作為未來鄰里步行系統的重要節點。將以社會住宅周邊500公尺範圍作為實證地區,並由步行需求角度檢視街道空間品質,分為可及性、實用性、安全性、舒適性、愉悅性五大面向進行討論,並運用空間型構法則界定空間單元的方式反映使用者視覺下的空間認知,嘗試將街道空間符合步行需求的程度呈現於空間中,以及分析路網拓樸結構以揭示現有規劃下社會住宅是否能發揮其重要節點之角色,並呈現步行過程中所行經之街道空間的總體品質。
根據研究成果指出,以步行需求角度進行分析與一般街道路網拓樸結構之量測結果具差異性,表示僅考量步行系統路網佈設恐無法完整描述使用者對空間的認知。換言之,視覺感知下之街道空間品質將受到其不同元素的影響,進而使空間符合步行需求的程度產生差異。而未來在進行步行空間的規劃時,除了須完善街道空間的連續性外,亦可進一步針對不同的土地使用機能設置不同特性的街道空間。
隨著近年持續推動人性化的步行環境以及本研究成果顯示,街道空間規劃除考量路網配置外,亦須將影響步行需求的空間元素納入考量,應著重於整體街道空間視覺品質的形塑。本研究所發展的方法,結合視覺下的空間認知與考量路網拓樸結構特性,可提供規劃者以整體步行系統觀點進行規劃,未來在公共設施的規劃上若能將周邊街道一併納入考量,將能使良好的步行品質得以延續。
"The Image of City" by Kevin Lynch highlights the significance of visual perception in urban planning. In recent years, "Visual Walkability" has shown as a crucial concept focusing on the visual qualities of street space for designing pedestrian-friendly environments. The axial analysis of space syntax is an effective methodology to measure the spatial network configuration by the lines of sight of people and has been proven in walking path prediction through dividing segments of street space.
The purpose of this study is to identify the characteristics of street space with three case studies of Jyuguang, Dalongdong, and Jiankang social housing surrounding areas in Taipei. Five visual needs of walking, containing accessibility, usefulness, safety, comfort, and pleasure, are as the respective principles to divide each segment of street networks. Then, the indicators of space syntax could show these topological characteristics of each street network, and the comparison of natural axial maps and segment maps would highlight the importance of walking needs. The results have shown the obvious difference in each aspect of the visual needs. Also, the restriction on revealing the characteristics of street network configuration has been identified without consideration of the visual needs.
The results indicate that only considering the network configuration may not fully capture users' spatial cognition. Furthermore, planners should improve visual walkability and enhance the continuity of street space. The results could provide a valuable reference to review and improve walking environment systems in future works.
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 研究範疇 4
第三節 名詞定義 5
第四節 研究流程與內容 7
第五節 研究限制 9
第二章 文獻回顧 10
第一節 都市規劃與視覺可步行性 10
第二節 空間型構法則與視覺可步行性 17
第三節 步行環境之於社會住宅的重要性 22
第三章 研究設計 25
第一節 研究內容與方法 25
第二節 街道空間拓樸結構指認原則之建構 32
第三節 街道視覺可步行性的量測與比較 35
第四章 實證分析 51
第一節 社會住宅及其周邊環境概述 51
第二節 街道視覺可步行性評估 56
第三節 社會住宅周邊街道視覺可步行性綜合評析 91
第四節 現行計畫檢視與對照討論 109
第五章 結論與建議 112
第一節 研究結論 112
第二節 後續研究建議 114
參考文獻 115
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