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研究生:洪永嘉
研究生(外文):Yong-Jia Hong
論文名稱:盈餘管理與企業社會責任之關聯
論文名稱(外文):The relationship between Earnings Management and Corporate Social Responsibility
指導教授:黃承祖黃承祖引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:企業管理學系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2023
畢業學年度:111
語文別:中文
論文頁數:59
中文關鍵詞:企業社會責任實質盈餘管理應計基礎盈餘管理ESG
外文關鍵詞:Corporate Social ResponsibilityReal Earnings ManagementAccrual-based Earnings ManagementESG
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本研究以2016年至2020年台灣上市櫃企業做為研究對象,探討企業是否會透過ESG項目作為盈餘管理之手段,並藉由EPS波動性及研發支出占比作為分群變數來區分企業特性,以此探討不同特性之企業在面對ESG項目作為盈餘管理手段是否存有差異,研究結論如下:(一)、不論是否分群,盈餘管理的程度皆未能對ESG分數變化提供解釋力;(二)、整體情況下,盈餘管理與ESG分數之間並沒有顯著關係;(三)、在EPS波動性高的企業其盈餘管理與ESG分數呈現負向顯著關係,顯示具該特性的企業會藉由ESG項目來達到盈餘管理之目的;(四)、在研發支出占比大的企業其盈餘管理與ESG分數也沒有呈現顯著關係。本研究由上述結果再延伸兩項檢測,分別為盈餘管理是否具延遲效果及高盈餘管理且低EPS波動性之企業是否呈現不同結果,第一項測試結果顯示在高EPS波動性之企業其當年盈餘管理會對下年ESG分數產生負向顯著影響,有證據支持盈餘管理具有延遲效果;第二項測試結果顯示高盈餘管理且低EPS波動性之企業其盈餘管理對ESG分數具正向顯著解釋力,本研究認為該現象與過往文獻指出的彌補效果相符合。
This study examines Taiwanese listed companies from 2016 to 2020 to determine if they employ ESG initiatives for earnings management. Companies are categorized based on EPS volatility and R&D expenditure ratio to differentiate characteristics. Findings: (1) Earnings management does not explain ESG score changes regardless of categorization. (2) Overall, no significant relationship exists between earnings management and ESG scores. (3) Companies with high EPS volatility exhibit a negative relationship between earnings management and ESG scores, implying the use of ESG initiatives for earnings management. (4) No significant relationship is found between earnings management and ESG scores in companies with high R&D expenditure ratio. Additional tests reveal a lag effect of earnings management on ESG scores in high EPS volatility companies, and high earnings management and low EPS volatility positively explain ESG scores, aligning with offsetting effects found in literature.
中文摘要 ii
ABSTRACT iii
目錄 iv
表目錄 vi
第一章 緒論 1
第二章 文獻探討 4
2-1 盈餘管理 4
2-1-1 盈餘管理之動機 4
2-1-2 盈餘管理之方式 6
2-1-3 盈餘管理之影響 7
2-2 ESG 9
2-2-1 ESG與企業財務績效之關聯 9
2-3 ESG與盈餘管理 12
2-4 假說建立 13
第三章 研究方法 15
3-1 資料選取與研究期間 15
3-2 實證模型 17
3-3 變數定義與衡量 19
3-3-1 應變數 19
3-3-2 自變數 19
3-3-3 控制變數 21
第四章 實證結果 23
4-1 敘述性統計 23
4-2 相關係數檢定 25
4-3 迴歸分析結果 27
4-3-1 盈餘管理程度對ESG分數變化之結果 27
4-3-2 盈餘管理方向對ESG分數之結果 29
4-3-3 分群後盈餘管理程度對ESG分數變化之結果 31
4-3-4 分群後盈餘管理方向對ESG分數之結果 34
4-4 敏感性分析 37
4-5 額外檢測 43
4-5-1 盈餘管理是否具延遲效果 43
4-5-2 針對高盈餘管理低EPS波動性 45
第五章 結論與建議 47
參考資料 49
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