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研究生:王添璟
研究生(外文):Tien-Ching Wang
論文名稱(外文):Increased Cognitive Load with Spatial Cueing Task Augments the P300 Amplitude Differences in EEG-based CIT Experiments
指導教授:段正仁段正仁引用關係鄭仕坤鄭仕坤引用關係
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:認知與神經科學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2023
畢業學年度:111
語文別:英文
論文頁數:96
中文關鍵詞:鑑識測謊測試隱匿犯罪相關知識測試空間提示任務作業P300認知負荷
外文關鍵詞:forensic psychophysiologyconcealed information testspatial cueing taskP300cognitive load
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由於我們的認知資源是有限的,增加認知負荷可以增強說謊和說實話認知過程的差異,從而提高鑑識測謊測試的準確性。本研究旨在探討在P300的隱匿犯罪相關知識(CIT)測謊測試中,增加認知負荷是否會提高區分每位受測者準確性。在實驗1中,我們進行了模擬犯罪CIT事件相關電位(ERP)實驗,並以P300振幅作為區分有犯罪相關知識刺激和無犯罪相關知識敇激的指標。在實驗2中,我們在CIT測謊測試中增加了空間提示任務作業,透過實驗操弄受測者的注意力增加認知負荷,加大犯罪相關知識敇激和無犯罪相關知識刺激之間在CIT測謊測試的P300振幅差異,進一步提高區分的準確性。結果顯示,納入空間提示作業表現出顯著的三因子變異數分析交互作用(群組x空間提示任務作業x犯罪相關知識刺激,p < .05, ηP2 = .39),並提高了區分每位受測者的準確性。因此,加入認知負荷的空間提示任務作業P300 CIT測謊測試(實驗2)證明比典型的P300 CIT 測謊測試(實驗1)更有效。
Since our cognitive resources are limited, increasing cognitive load can augment the differences in the cognitive processes of deception or telling a truth and, in turn, increase the accuracy of detection of deception. This study aimed to explore whether increasing cognitive load enhances the accuracy in classifying the participants into the group with or without knowledge about a mock crime in a P300-based concealed information test (CIT). Two experiments were conducted in this study: In Experiment 1, we conducted a mock crime CIT event-related potential (ERP) experiment and computed the P300 amplitudes as an index for differentiating knowledgeable and unknowledgeable participants. In Experiment 2, spatial cueing was blended with the traditional P300-based CIT task to increase the cognitive load by manipulating participants’ attention and, in turn, maximize the P300 amplitude differences between probe and irrelevant conditions in a CIT to further improve the accuracy of the differentiation. Results indicated that incorporating spatial cueing exhibited a significant three-way interaction effect (group x cueing x stimulus, p < .05, ηP2 = .39) and improved the accuracy of differentiating the knowledgeable participants from the unknowledgeable ones. The CIT with spatial cueing (Experiment 2) was thus proved more effective than the typical P300-based CIT examination (Experiment 1).
TABLE OF CONTENT
摘要 i
ABSTRACT iii
TABLE OF CONTENT v
LIST OF FIGURES vii
LIST OF TABLES ix
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 The psychophysiology of deception detection 1
1.2 P300-based concealed information tests 11
1.3 The increasing cognitive load on deception 21
1.4 The bootstrap method for CIT 27
1.5 Research Aims 31
Chapter 2 Methods 35
2.1 Experiment 1 35
2.1.1 Participants 35
2.1.2 Experimental Procedures 36
2.1.3 Data Acquisition and Analysis 38
2.2 Experiment 2 41
2.2.1 Participants 42
2.2.2 Experimental Procedures 42
2.2.3 Data Acquisition and Analysis 44
Chapter 3 Results 45
3.1 Experiment 1 45
3.1.1 Behavioral Data 45
3.1.2 ERP Data 46
3.2 Experiment 2 51
3.2.1 Behavioral Data 51
3.2.2 ERP Data 53
Chapter 4 General Discussion 57
4.1 The increased cognitive load effect on the P300-based CIT 57
4.2 The P300-base CIT in a Taiwan population 62
4.3 Limitations and future works 66
References 71
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