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研究生:黃兆于
研究生(外文):Zhao-Yu Huang
論文名稱:微型軸向發電機之優化與設計
指導教授:陳世叡
指導教授(外文):Shih-Jui Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:機械工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2023
畢業學年度:111
語文別:中文
論文頁數:71
中文關鍵詞:微型發電機優化設計旋轉發電
外文關鍵詞:Micro generatorOptimized designRotary power generator
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本研究設計出一種微型發電機,採用軸向磁化的環形磁鐵作為定子,側邊的PCB線圈作為轉子,在旋轉激發下感應發電。其中為了決定關鍵尺寸,利用理論與模擬數值做為參考依據,優化相關發電參數,包含線圈之匝數、層數與磁鐵厚度等,並使用特殊設計方式完成多層線圈連接,透過內外模型的零件與機構配合,達到尺寸約直徑30 mm、長度20 mm之發電機,實驗在3000 rpm 的轉速下,實現約24 Vpp的感應電壓,在負載為250 Ω時,達到最大功率81 mW,接著利用整流濾波電路測試由交流電轉換直流電的效果,最終將發電機作為感測器的供電來源。
In this study, a generator is designed, which uses an axially magnetized ring magnet as the stator, and PCB coils on each side as the rotor. The generator can generate electricity inductively under the rotating drive source. To determine the critical dimensions, the theoretical and simulated values are used as a reference to optimize the relevant power generation parameters, including the number of turns, the number of layers, and the thickness. A specific method is used to complete the multi-layer coil connection. Assemble with the external model mechanism to achieve the generator, its diameter is about 30 mm, and its length of 20 mm. In the experiment, at a speed of 3000 rpm, a generation achieved about 24 Vpp, and the maximum power is 81 mW when the load is 250 Ω. Finally, a generator is used as a power source for a sensor.
摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 vii
表目錄 xi
一、緒論 1
1-1 研究背景與動機 1
1-2 研究方法 1
1-3 文獻回顧 2
1-3-1 電磁式旋轉發電機 2
1-3-2 軸向磁通電機 5
二、基礎理論 6
2-1 電磁感應 6
2-1-1 電源頻率 6
2-1-2 軸向磁場強度 6
2-1-3 線圈之感應電勢 8
2-2 繞組因數 10
三、設計與優化 13
3-1 磁鐵配置 13
3-1-1 尺寸規劃 13
3-2 線圈規劃 15
3-2-1 線圈繞製方式 16
3-2-2 線圈繞組優化 17
3-2-3 線圈層數優化 19
3-2-4 線圈尺寸與連接方式 20
3-3 模型設計 22
四、軟體模擬 25
4-1 模擬設定 25
4-2 模擬結果 30
五、實驗架構與量測 34
5-1 實驗架設 34
5-2 實驗結果 35
5-2-1 單片量測 36
5-2-2 多層線圈量測 38
5-2-3 整流測試 44
5-2-4 供電測試 48
六、結論與展望 51
七、參考文獻 53
1. 馮耀鋆,「三維導電微成型技術開發應用於微機電系統之研究」, 國立中央大學,博士論文,民國107年。
2. 魏子鈞,「液態金屬線圈應用於發電機之研究」,國立中央大學,碩士論文,民國110年。
3. 張益誠,「整合多層液態金屬線圈發電機之研製」,國立中央大學,碩士論文,民國111年。
4. M.A. Halima, R. Rantza, Q. Zhangb, L. Gub, K. Yangb and S. Roundy, "An electromagnetic rotational energy harvester using sprung eccentric rotor, driven by pseudo-walking motion," Applied Energy, 2018. 217: p. 66-74.
5. J. W. Kim, M. Salauddin, H. Cho, M. S. Rasel and J. Y. Park, "Electromagnetic energy harvester based on a finger trigger rotational gear module and an array of disc Halbach magnets," Applied Energy, Volume 250, 2019, p.776-785.
6. B. Maamer, et al., "A Halbach cylinder-based system for energy harvesting from rotational motion with high power density," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, Volume 337, 2022, 113428.
7. S. Huo, et al., "Dual-mode electromagnetic energy harvester by Halbach arrays," Energy Conversion and Management, Volume 286, 2023, 117038.
8. Z Wang, et al., "On-rotor electromagnetic energy harvester for powering a wireless condition monitoring system on bogie frames," Energy Conversion and Management, 2021;243:114413.
9. S. Amin., et al., "A Comprehensive Review on Axial Flux Machines and Its Applications," 2019 2nd International Conference on Computing, Mathematics and Engineering Technologies (iCoMET), Sukkur, Pakistan, 2019, pp. 1-7.
10. T. Ishikawa, S. Amada, K. Segawa, and N. Kurita, "Proposal of a Radial- and Axial-Flux Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Generator," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 53, no. 6, pp. 1-4, June 2017, Art no. 8105204.
11. O. Taqavi and N. Taghavi, "Development of a Mixed Solution of Maxwell’s Equations and Magnetic Equivalent Circuit for Double-Sided Axial-Flux Permanent Magnet Machines," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 1-11, April 2021, Art no. 8104411.
12. J. Wang, G. W. Jewell and D. Howe, "A general framework for the analysis and design of tubular linear permanent magnet machines," IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 1986-2000, May 1999.
13. M. J. Kamper, R. J. Wang and F. G. Rossouw, "Analysis and Performance of Axial Flux Permanent-Magnet Machine With Air-Cored Nonoverlapping Concentrated Stator Windings," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 1495-1504, Sept.-Oct. 2008.
14. X. Wang, et al., "Electromagnetic Design and Analysis of Axial Flux Permanent Magnet Generator With Unequal-Width PCB Winding," IEEE Access, 2019. 7: p. 164696-164707.
15. Y. J. Chen, et al., "Analysis of an in-plane micro-generator with various microcoil shapes," Microsyst Technol 19, 43–52 (2013).
16. E. M. Yeatman, "Energy harvesting from motion using rotating and gyroscopic proof masses," Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, 2008;222(1):27-36.
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