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研究生:林宏儒
研究生(外文):Hung-Ju Lin
論文名稱:公共工程安全衛生費用編列之探討-以工程主辦機關人員為中心
論文名稱(外文):A Study on Public Construction Budgeting for Safety and Health - Focusing on Owner's Role
指導教授:王翰翔王翰翔引用關係
指導教授(外文):Han-Hsiang Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:土木系營建管理碩士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2023
畢業學年度:111
語文別:中文
論文頁數:184
中文關鍵詞:工地安全管理安全角色安全衛生費用
外文關鍵詞:Construction Site Safety ManagementSafety RoleSafety and Health Budget
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:118
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:26
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
編列合理經費係確保工地安全之基礎,惟相關研究指出公共工程安全衛生經費有編列不足問題,對應提出之建議亦未見工程主辦機關落實,爰本研究聚焦於主辦機關人員(業主)角色,俾瞭解其認知、實務編列經費情形及遭遇困境。現行在公務人員保守心態、法規未能具體規範、採購強調防弊、以較低標準評估需求下,安全衛生經費經費編列參與較為消極,不過在高層重視與外部審查委員及目的事業主管機關的倡導下,參與表現會提升。
目前實務係先決定經費額度再編列內容,即先以公共工程委員會規範,以直接工程成本之0.3%至3%匡列計畫經費額度,後續再於額度範圍內決定項目及數量,造成無法核實量化編列經費,且經費彈性低,難以於施工階段依實際需求增加經費,爰務實改善方式應聚焦在合理化編列百分比標準,依公共工程主辦機關人員角色特性及所面臨困境,提出依不同工程種類及規模統整公共工程已編列安全衛生經費百分比作為編列參考及安全衛生主管機關督促編列百分比較低單位檢討改進之建議。期望本研究有別於目前針對安全衛生經費編列著重於程序面,轉而聚焦於安全角色,將有助於釐清公共工程主辦機關人員未能依規定核實編列安全衛生經費之情形,及務實改善公共工程安全衛生經費有編列不足問題。
A reasonable budget is the basis of construction site safety. However, the studies pointed out that public construction safety and health work is insufficiently budgeted and the improvement suggestions have not been well implemented. Thus, this research focuses on owner's role to investigate their thoughts, budgeting situations and difficulties in practices. Under the circumstances of public servants’ conservative mindset, lack of specific regulations, the emphasis on corruption prevention in procurement, and lower demand standards, owner’s participation in budgeting for safety and health is passive; nevertheless, the participation will improve providing that senior executives give weight to the budgeting and external committees and competent authorities promote it.
The current practice of safety and health budgeting is to estimate the budget amount (0.3% to 3% of the construction direct cost according to the regulation of Public Construction Commission) first and then determine budget content (detailed work items and quantities) . This practice not only causes that work items and quantities usually don't match actual needs, but makes budgeting flexibility low such that it is difficult to increase budget according to actual needs in the construction stage, or calculate the amount according to the actual quantity. Therefore, improving the budgeting practice should focus on rationalizing the budgeting percentage standard. That is, the budgeting percentage standard should be determined according to real safety and health budget cases of different construction types and sizes considering owner's role and difficulties faced; safety and health authorityalso urge thosee agencies which estimate safety and health budgets at a lower percentage of construction direct cost to improve. This research focuses on owner's role, different from those current studies focusing on budgeting process, and clarify why owner's cannot determine public construction safety and health budget in accordance with actual needs. This research expects to practically solve the issues of insufficient budgeting for safety and health.
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究問題 4
1.3 研究目的 6
1.4 研究方法及架構 9
1.5 研究範圍與限制 11
第二章 工地安全管理議題 13
2.1 工地安全管理議題分類 13
2.2 工地安全費用 17
2.3 工地安全角色 20
2.4 文獻分析 22
第三章 公共工程安全衛生費用編列機制 25
3.1 預算編列機制 25
3.2 安全衛生費用編製 32
第四章 專家訪談 41
4.1 研究設計 41
4.2 公共工程主辦機關人員研究訪談 51
4.3 營造廠主管研究訪談 76
4.4 安全衛生經費編列百分比 83
4.5 比較分析與討論 85
第五章 結論與建議 88
5.1 結論 88
5.2 建議 89
參考文獻 91
附錄-訪談逐字稿 93
中文文獻:
1.李柏昌、許峰源、林棓司,2008,公共工程勞工安全衛生費用編列事項的探討,工業安全衛生月刊,第8 -38頁。
2.林楨中,2001,安全衛生經費編列於工程費之問題剖析,勞工安全衛生簡訊,50期,第4-7頁。
3.林楨中、顏聰,2014,營造工程安衛費用編列合理化及安衛監造查核實務之探討,勞動部勞動及職業安全衛生研究所(103年度研究計畫)。
4.陳志偉,2016,以承包商觀點研析水利工程安全衛生經費要項編列之個案探討,國立中央大學營建管理研究所碩士論文。
5.黃文玲、陳嫺芷,2013,公共工程安全衛生費用編列之探討-以丁類危險性工作場所橋梁工程為例,工程科技與教育學刊,第275-286頁。
6.許峰源,2008,勞工安全衛生費用編列模式合理化之研究-以建築工程之基礎為例,國立高雄應用科技大學土木工程與防災科技研究所碩士論文。
英文文獻:
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9.Dulaimi, M., & Chin, K. Y. K. (2009). Management Perspective of the Balanced Scorecard to Measure Safety Culture in Construction Projects in Singapore. International Journal of Construction Management, 9(1), 13-25. doi:10.1080/15623599.2009.10773119
10.Gambatese, JA., Behm, M., Rajendran, S.(2008). Design's role in construction accident causality and prevention: Perspectives from an expert panel. Safety Science, 46(4), 675-691. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2007.06.010
11.Huang, XY., & Hinze, J. (2003). Analysis of Construction Worker Fall Accidents. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 129(3), 262-271. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9364(2003)129:3(262)
12.Huang, XY., & Hinze, J.(2006). Owner's role in construction safety. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 132(2), 164-173. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9364(2006)132:2(164)
13.Hinze, J., & Wiegand, F. (1992). Role of designers in construction worker safety. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 118(4), 677-684. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001292
14.Kang, Y., Siddiqui, S., Suk Sung, J., Chi, S., & Kim, C. (2017). Trends of Fall Accidents in the U.S. Construction Industry. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 143(8). doi:10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001332
15.Liu, H., Jazayeri, E., & Dadi, GB.(2017). Establishing the Influence of Owner Practices on Construction Safety in an Operational Excellence Model. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 143(6). doi:10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001292
16.Oh, TK., Kwon, YJ., Oh, BH., Gwon, YI., Yoon, HK.(2020). Suggestions for safety coordinator's roles at each construction stage (client, designer, supervisor, and contractor) to improve safety and health activities in South Korea. Safety Science, 133. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2020.104994
17.Tam, C. M., Tong, T. K. L., & Chan, K. K. (2006). Rough set theory for distilling construction safety measures. Construction Management and Economics, 24(11), 1199-1206. doi:10.1080/01446190600879091
18.Toole, TM. (2005). Increasing engineers' role in construction safety: Opportunities and barriers. Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice, 131(3), 199-207. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)1052-3928(2005)131:3(199)
19.Votano, S., Sunindijo, RY.(2014). Client Safety Roles in Small and Medium Construction Projects in Australia. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 140(9). doi:10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000899
20.Wildavsky, A. (1988). The New Politics of the Budgetary Process. New York: Harper Collins Publishers.
21.Zhang, R. P., Lingard, H., & Nevin, S. (2015). Development and validation of a multilevel safety climate measurement tool in the construction industry. Construction Management and Economics, 33(10), 818-839. doi:10.1080/01446193.2015.1108451
22.Zhang, LM., Chen, HY., Li, HX., Wu, XG., Skibniewski, MJ.(2018). Perceiving interactions and dynamics of safety leadership in construction projects. Safety Science, 106, 66-78. doi: 10.1016/j.ssci.2018.03.007
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