跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(100.28.2.72) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/06/22 20:56
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:董庭好
研究生(外文):Tung, Ting-Hao
論文名稱:不同甜玉米品種上秋行軍蟲之發生調查及其防治試驗探討
論文名稱(外文):Investigation the occurrence of Spodoptera frugiperda on different sweet corn varieties and its management studies
指導教授:林明瑩林明瑩引用關係
指導教授(外文):Lin, Ming-Ying
口試委員:黃守宏林彥伯
口試委員(外文):Huang, Shou-HungLin, Yen-Po
口試日期:2023-07-19
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立嘉義大學
系所名稱:農學院農學碩士在職專班
學門:農業科學學門
學類:一般農業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2023
畢業學年度:111
語文別:中文
論文頁數:77
中文關鍵詞:秋行軍蟲玉米依芬寧賜諾特蘇力菌
外文關鍵詞:Spodoptera frugiperdamaizeEtofenproxSpinetoramBacillus thuringiensis
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:65
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
秋行軍蟲(Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith, 1797))近年來已成為臺灣玉米的主要害蟲,對玉米的栽培管理造成嚴重的影響。本研究主要探討秋行軍蟲對不同品種甜玉米生育期間的危害,不同藥劑處理對秋行軍蟲的防治效果及產量調查。以夏強、大金蜜及金鳳三個品種探討玉米生育期間受秋行軍蟲的危害影響,經研究結果顯示在營養生長期間秋行軍蟲主要危害葉片,三個品種間以大金蜜受秋行軍蟲危害葉片面積百分比4.50%為最低;在生殖生長期間主要危害雄花、雌花以及果穗,三個品種間具有秋行軍蟲蟲孔之植株數量皆為30株,並且影響了採收後果穗的外觀以及重量。在藥劑防治的部分,以依芬寧、賜諾特及蘇力菌三種藥劑對三個甜玉米品種進行防治成效的探討,經研究結果顯示三種藥劑處理皆能有效降低玉米受秋行軍蟲的危害,其中以賜諾特於三個品種間防治率皆為100%的效果較佳。在產量的部分,試驗結果顯示三種藥劑處理後,果穗危害的比例均低於對照組,且果穗重量皆高於對照組。本研究完整進行甜玉米生育期間受秋行軍蟲的危害調查,以及藥劑防治之探討,期可提供農民對於玉米田間秋行軍蟲危害的掌握及防治管理之參考。
Fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith, 1797)) has become a major pest of maize in Taiwan in recent years, causing serious impact on the cultivation and management of maize. This study mainly explores the damage caused by fall armyworm to different varieties of sweet corn during the growth period, and investigates the control effects and yield of different pesticide treatments on fall armyworm. Three varieties of Xiaqiang, Dajinmi and Jinfeng were used to explore the impact of fall armyworm during the growth period of corn. The research results showed that during the vegetative growth period, fall armyworm mainly harmed the leaves. Among the three varieties, Dajinmi was affected by fall armyworm. The percentage of damaged leaf area is 4.50% as the minimum, during the reproductive growth period, it mainly damages male flowers, female flowers and fruit ears. The number of plants with autumn armyworm holes among the three varieties is 30, and it affects the appearance and weight of the fruit ears after harvesting. In the part of pesticide control, the effectiveness of three sweet corn varieties was discussed using three pesticides: Etofenprox, Spinetoram and Bacillus thuringiensis. The research results showed that all three pesticide treatments can effectively reduce the fall armyworm infestation of corn. Among the hazards, Spinetoram has a better control rate of 100% among the three varieties. In terms of yield, the test results showed that after three chemical treatments, the proportion of ear damage was lower than that of the control group, and the ear weight was higher than that of the control group. This study conducts a complete investigation of the damage caused by fall armyworm during the growth period of sweet corn and discusses the prevention and control of pesticides. It can provide farmers with a reference for understanding the damage of fall armyworm in corn fields and providing reference for prevention and management.
摘要 i
Abstract ii
誌謝 iv
目次 v
表目次 vii
圖目次 ix
附圖目次 xii
前言 1
往昔研究 3
一、玉米綜述 3
二、秋行軍蟲綜述 5
三、防治方法 7
(一)、耕作防治 7
(二)、化學防治 7
(三)、生物防治 8
(四)、天敵防治 8
材料與方法 9
一、供試田區與供試作物品種 9
二、供試作物栽培方式 9
三、供試藥劑 9
四、不同品種玉米生育期受秋行軍蟲危害調查 10
(一)、營養生長期調查 10
(二)、生殖生長期調查 10
五、不同藥劑處理對秋行軍蟲之防治試驗 10
六、產量調查 11
七、統計分析 11
結果 12
一、秋行軍蟲於玉米生育期之調查 12
(一)、營養生長期之調查 12
(二)、生殖生長期之調查 13
二、不同藥劑處理對秋行軍蟲之防治試驗 14
三、產量調查 25
討論 27
結論 31
參考文獻 32
表 36
圖 46
附圖 71
杜金池、范明仁。1991。漫談玉米植株各部份的妙用。農業試驗所技術服務季刊 7: 17-21。
林立、陳怡樺。2022。秋行軍蟲在三種不同人工飼料之發育及蘇力菌防治效果測試。花蓮區農業改良場研究彙報。40: 77-88。
唐辰蓀、程翊涵、魏紹華、曾慶慈、林明瑩、林彥伯。2022。取食不同植物葉片秋行軍蟲 (Spodoptera frugiperda)(鱗翅目: 夜蛾科) 之發育。植物醫學期刊。64(1): 1-9。
徐世典、張東柱、張清安、蔡進來、蔡東纂。2002。臺灣植物病害名彙。中華植 物病理學會出版。386 頁。
費雯綺、王玉美。2002。植物保護手冊 (糧食作物及其他篇)。行政院農業委員 會農業藥物毒物試驗所編印。臺中。385 頁。
費雯綺、王喻其編。2007。植物保護手冊-糧食作物及其他篇。行政院農業委員農業藥物毒物試驗所。臺中。90-130頁。
黃妤婷、王智立、黃紹毅。2022。馬尼拉小繭蜂 (膜翅目: 小繭蜂科) 於秋行軍蟲及斜紋夜蛾上之寄生與發育表現。台灣昆蟲期刊。42(1): 11-24。
農業部。2022。110年農業統計年報。https://agrstat.moa.gov.tw/sdweb/public/book/Book.aspx。[Accessed on 19 July 2022]
農業部動植物防疫檢疫署。2019。玉米秋行軍蟲緊急防治藥劑及使用方法與範圍。https://faw.aphia.gov.tw/theme_data.php?theme=communique&sub_theme=faw&id=19065。[Accessed on 19 July 2022]
農業部動植物防疫檢疫署。2021。109年度各縣市秋行軍蟲發生面積統計。
https://faw.aphia.gov.tw/ws.php?id=20914。[Accessed on 19 July 2022]
謝光照。2014。臺灣玉米育種現況與趨勢。農業世界雜誌 367: 10–21。
謝光照。2020。玉米生產的健康農法。農業世界雜誌 445: 64-71。
Assefa, F. (2018). Status of fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda), biology and control measures on maize crop in Ethiopia: a review. International Journal of Entomological Research, 6(2), 75-85.
Baudron, F., Zaman-Allah, M. A., Chaipa, I., Chari, N., & Chinwada, P. (2019). Understanding the factors conditioning fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda JE Smith) infestation in African smallholder maize fields and quantifying its impact on yield: a case study in Eastern Zimbabwe. Crop Protection, 120, 141-150.
CABI (2021) Invasive Species Compendium. Wallingford, UK. Available from: http://www.cabi.org/isc. [Accessed on 27 June 2023]
Capinera, J. L. (2002). Fall Armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (JE Smith)(Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): EENY098/IN255, rev. 7/2000. Edis, 2002(7).
Casmuz, A., Juarez, M. L., Socias, M. G., Murua, M. G., Prieto, S., Medina, S., Willink, E & Gastaminza, G. (2010). Review of the host plants of fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina, 69(3-4), 209-231.
Cruz, I., & Turpin, F. T. (1983). Yield impact of larval infestations of the fall armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to midwhorl growth stage of corn. Journal of Economic Entomology, 76(5), 1052-1054.
Cruz, I., Figueiredo, M. L., Valicente, F. H., & Oliveira, A. C. (1997). Application rate trials with a nuclear polyhedrosis virus to control Spodoptera frugiperda (Smith) on maize. Anais da Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil, 26, 145-152.
Dai, Q. X., Li, Z. Y., Tian, Y. J., Zhang, Z. F., Wang, L., Lu, Y. Y., Ly, Y. z., & Chen, K. W. (2020). Effects of different corn varieties on development and reproduction of Spodoptera frugiperda. The Journal of Applied Ecology, 31(10), 3273-3281.
Dos Santos, C. A. M., do Nascimento, J., Gonçalves, K. C., Smaniotto, G., de Freitas Zechin, L., da Costa Ferreira, M., & Polanczyk, R. A. (2021). Compatibility of Bt biopesticides and adjuvants for Spodoptera frugiperda control. Scientific Reports, 11(1), 5271.
FAO & CABI. (2019). Community-based fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) monitoring, early warning and management. Training of Trainers Manual, 1st ed. 112 pp.
Fernández, J. L. (2002). Nota corta: Estimación de umbrales económicos para Spodoptera frugiperda (JE Smith)(Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) en el cultivo del maíz. Investigación Agraria. Producción y Protección Vegetales, 17(3), 468-472. (in Spainsh)
Figueiredo, M., Penteado-Dias, A. M & Cruz, I. (2005). Danos provocados por Spodoptera frugiperda na produção de matéria seca e nos rendimentos de grãos, na cultura do milho. Embrapa/CNPMS Circular Técnica Comunicado Técnico 130, 6.
Goergen, G., Kumar, P. L., Sankung, S. B., Togola, A., & Tamò, M. (2016). First report of outbreaks of the fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda (JE Smith)(Lepidoptera, Noctuidae), a new alien invasive pest in West and Central Africa. Public Library of Science One, 11(10), e0165632.
Gross Jr, H. R., Young, J. R., & Wiseman, B. R. (1982). Relative susceptibility of a summer-planted dent and tropical flint corn variety to whorl stage damage by the fall armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 75(6), 1153-1156.
Guo, J., Zhao, J., He, K., Zhang, F., & Wang, Z. (2018). Potential invasion of the crop-devastating insect pest fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda to China. Plant Protection, 44(6), 1-10.
Hailu, G., Niassy, S., Zeyaur, K. R., Ochatum, N., & Subramanian, S. (2018). Maize–legume intercropping and push–pull for management of fall armyworm, stemborers, and striga in Uganda. Agronomy Journal, 110(6), 2513-2522.
Hirpa, K., & Bulto, T. (2016). Effects of different termite management practices on maize production in Assosa district, Benishangul Gumuz Region, Western Ethiopia. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 6, 23.
Jaramillo-Barrios, C. I., Quijano, E. B., & Andrade, B. M. (2019). Populations of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) cause significant damage to genetically modified corn crops. Revista Facultad Nacional de Agronomía Medellín, 72(3), 8953-8962.
Marenco, R. J., Foster, R. E., & Sanchez, C. A. (1992). Sweet corn response to fall armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) damage during vegetative growth. Journal of Economic Entomology, 85(4), 1285-1292.
Midega, C. A., Pittchar, J. O., Pickett, J. A., Hailu, G. W., & Khan, Z. R. (2018). A climate-adapted push-pull system effectively controls fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (JE Smith), in maize in East Africa. Crop protection, 105, 10-15.
Montezano, D. G., Sosa-Gomez, D. R., Specht, A., RoqueSpecht, V. F., Sousa-Silva, J. C., Paula-Moraes, S. V., Peterson, J. A & Hunt, T. E. (2018). Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology, 26(2), 286-300.
Morrill, W. L., & Greene, G. L. (1973). Distribution of fall armyworm larvae. 1. Regions of field corn plants infested by larvae. Environmental Entomology, 2(2), 195-198..
Morrill, W. L., & Greene, G. L. (1974). Survival of fall armyworm larvae and yields of field corn after artificial infestations. Journal of Economic Entomology, 67(1), 119-123.
Pannuti, L. E. R., Baldin, E. L. L., Hunt, T. E., & Paula-Moraes, S. V. (2016). On-plant larval movement and feeding behavior of fall armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on reproductive corn stages. Environmental Entomology, 45(1), 192-200.
Pomari, A. F., Bueno, A. D. F., Bueno, R. C. O. D. F., Menezes Junior, A. D. O., & Fonseca, A. C. P. F. (2013). Releasing number of Telenomus remus (Nixon)(Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) against Spodoptera frugiperda Smith (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in corn, cotton and soybean. Ciência Rural, 43, 377-382.
SAS (2022) SAS/STAT User’s guide, version 9.4. SAS Institute, Cary, NC, USA.
Tippannavar, P. S., Talekar, S. C., Mallapur, C. P., Kachapur, R. M., Salakinkop, S. R., & Harlapur, S. I. (2019). An outbreak of fall armyworm in Indian subcontinent: a new invasive pest on maize. Maydica, 64, 1.
Toepfer, S., Fallet, P., Kajuga, J., Bazagwira, D., Mukundwa, I. P., Szalai, M., & Turlings, T. C. (2021). Streamlining leaf damage rating scales for the fall armyworm on maize. Journal of Pest Science, 94(4), 1075-1089.
Tulashie, S. K., Adjei, F., Abraham, J., & Addo, E. (2021). Potential of neem extracts as natural insecticide against fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda (JE Smith)(Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Case Studies in Chemical and Environmental Engineering, 4, 100130.
Williams, W. P., Buckley, P. M., & Davis, F. M. (1989). Combining ability for resistance in corn to fall armyworm and southwestern corn borer. Crop Science, 29(4), 913-915.
Young, J. R., & Hamm, J. J. (1966). Nuclear-Polyhedrosis Viruses in Control of Corn Ear worm and Fall Army worm in Sweet Corn. Journal of Economic Entomology, 59(2), 382-384.
連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top