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研究生:王雅芳
研究生(外文):Ya-Fang Wang
論文名稱:應用多種地質溫壓計制約太魯閣帶石榴子石泥質片岩之變質條件
論文名稱(外文):Using multi-thermobarometry to constrain the metamorphic conditions of garnet pelitic schists in the Tailuko belt
指導教授:蔡金河蔡金河引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chin-Ho Tsai
口試委員:葉恩肇朱美妃
口試委員(外文):En-Chao YehMei-Fei Chu
口試日期:2023-06-30
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立東華大學
系所名稱:自然資源與環境學系
學門:環境保護學門
學類:環境資源學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2023
畢業學年度:111
語文別:中文
論文頁數:133
中文關鍵詞:石榴子石-黑雲母溫壓計碳質物拉曼光譜溫度計石榴子石-石英包裹體拉曼壓力計視剖面圖模擬碰撞造山
外文關鍵詞:garnet-biotite geothermobarometerRaman Spectroscopy of Carbonaceous Materialquartz-in-garnet elastic geobarometrypseudosection modelingcollisional orogeny
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太魯閣變質帶是臺灣最古老的地質單位,出露於中央山脈東翼,此變質帶岩石記錄了不同時期造山運動下產生的多期變質作用,變質度以綠片岩相為主,局部有角閃岩相,但因岩石普遍缺乏變質指標礦物與共生組合及可應用之地質溫壓計,以致區域內的各期變質作用之屬性、溫壓條件及其演化仍然所知有限。過去多數研究結果顯示溫壓條件在3–5 kbar與300–700 °C,指示低壓的變質環境;然而,亦有少數含石榴子石的變質岩揭示曾經歷相對較高壓力的條件,特別是在花蓮和平地區。本研究針對和平地區出露之泥質片岩進行詳細的岩象及礦物化學分析,岩象分析顯示部分泥質片岩之石榴子石具兩階段成分環帶,可分為M1、M2跟M3三期變質礦物組合,其中M2為峰期變質階段,此階段之石榴子石變斑晶 富含石英包裹體,具成分環帶,錳由核心至邊緣遞減,為前進變質的成分變化特徵。變質峰期之礦物共生組合為石榴子石+黑雲母+多矽白雲母(Si=6.0-6.7 a.p.f.u./22O)+簾石+奧長石(An17–26) +鈉長石(An1–4) +榍石+鈦鐵礦+石英+碳質物。
為了制約峰期變質溫壓條件,本研究應用多種地質溫壓計算方法,包括石榴子石-黑雲母溫壓計(Wu, 2019)、石榴子石-石英包裹體拉曼壓力計(Kouketsu et al., 2014)、碳質物拉曼光譜(RSCM)溫度計(Aoya et al., 2010),及視剖面圖模擬計算(Perple_X軟體)。綜合上述方法之計算結果,變質峰期(M2)之溫壓結果為490–550 °C與8–12 kbar,此一變質壓力數據明顯高於過去研究資料,且其對應之地殼深度可達30公里,可能代表一與碰撞造山運動相關之變質作用紀錄。
Metamorphism of the Tailuko belt involves several different stages. The P-T conditions are in the range of 3–5 kbar and 300–700 °C by previous studies, indicating a low-pressure metamorphic environment. However, a few garnet-bearing metamorphic rocks reveal relatively high-pressure conditions, particularly in the Hoping area of Hualien.
On the basis of petrographic and mineral compositionl analyses for pelitic schist, the peak metamorphic mineral assemblage is garnet + biotite + phengite (Si=6.0-6.7 a.p.f.u./22O) + epidote+ oligoclase (An17–26) + albite (An1–4) + titanite + ilmenite + quartz + carbonaceous material.
This study applied multi-thermobarometry to constrain the metamorphic conditions of garnet pelitic schists, including garnet-biotite geothermobarometer (Wu, 2019), quartz-in-garnet elastic geobarometry (Kouketsu et al., 2014), Raman Spectroscopy of Carbonaceous Material (RSCM) geothermometer (Aoya et al., 2010), and pseudosection modeling (Perple_X). Combining all the results, the peak metamorphic temperature and pressure are 490–550 °C and 8–12 kbar. These P-T estimates are higher than previously reported in the Tailuko belt, and the corresponding crustal depth can reach 30 km, likely representing a record of metamorphism associated with a collisional orogeny.
圖目錄 I
表目錄 III
一 緒論 1
二 區域地質概述與野外產狀 3
三 分析方法 14
(一) 岩象分析 14
(二) 礦物化學分析 15
(三) 拉曼光譜儀分析 15
四 岩象分析 16
五 礦物化學分析 31
(一) 石榴子石 31
(二) 斜長石 43
(三) 黑雲母 48
(四) 白雲母 54
(五) 綠泥石 62
(六) 簾石類 66
(七) 電氣石 68
六 變質溫壓條件之估算 71
(一) 石榴子石-黑雲母溫壓計 72
1. 石榴子石-黑雲母溫壓計估算結果 74
(二) 碳質物拉曼光譜(RSCM)溫度計與石榴子石-石英包裹體拉曼(QuiG)壓力計 81
1. 碳質物拉曼光譜溫度計估算結果 84
2. 石榴子石-石英包裹體拉曼壓力計估算結果 86
(三) 視剖面圖模擬 91
七 討論 97
(一) 峰期(M2)變質條件計算結果 97
(二) M2溫壓結果於空間之分布 101
(三) 晶體尺寸分布(Crystal size distributions, CSDs) 102
(四) 探討和平地區泥質片岩之地質意義 106
八 結論 109
九 引用文獻 110
附錄一 120
附錄二 121
附錄三 127
附錄四 133
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