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研究生:林萱柔
研究生(外文):LIN, HSUAN-JOU
論文名稱:從新疆人權議題探討中國戰狼外交之推特情緒極化策略
論文名稱(外文):Exploring the Twitter Emotional Polarization Strategy of China's Wolf Warrior Diplomacy from the Perspective of Human Rights Disputes in Xinjiang.
指導教授:傅文成傅文成引用關係
指導教授(外文):Fu, WEN-CHENG
口試委員:吳文欽謝吉隆
口試委員(外文):WU, WENCHINHSIEH, JI-LUNG
口試日期:2023-05-09
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國防大學
系所名稱:新聞學系碩士班
學門:傳播學門
學類:新聞學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2023
畢業學年度:111
語文別:中文
論文頁數:97
中文關鍵詞:戰狼外交推特情緒分析中國
外文關鍵詞:wolf warrior diplomatsTwittersentiment analysisChina
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
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本研究蒐集中國外交官華春瑩與趙立堅 2020 年至 2022 年有關新疆與
人權議題的推文,透過主題建模及情緒分析等資料科學方法,探討中國於 推特外交戰略方面之運用。研究發現戰狼推文雖然有影響留言的情緒,但 效果不大,並未如預期般使留言產生更明顯的極化效果,顯見情緒的影響 不僅取決於訊息本身,還取決於訊息接收者的背景、價值觀等因素。本研 究理論貢獻在於從「情緒」角度切入,檢驗中國外交官運用推特平台影響 網民情緒效果,同時呈現情緒極化理論新的延伸視角,最後結合中國領導 人習近平主政以來各項宣傳工作指導方針與核心思想,提供後續中國公共 外交研究更多面向視野。
This study collects the tweets of Chinese diplomats Hua-Chunying and
Zhao-Lijian from 2020 to 2022 on Xinjiang and human rights issues, and uses data science methods such as topic modeling and sentiment analysis to explore China's use of Twitter's diplomatic strategy. The study found that although the tweets of Wolf Warriors affect the emotions of the messages, the effect is not great, and it does not make the messages have a more obvious polarization effect as expected. It is obvious that the influence of emotions depends not only on the message itself, but also on the recipients of the message. background, values, etc. The theoretical contribution of this study is to examine the effect of Chinese diplomats using the Twitter platform to influence the emotions of netizens from the perspective of "emotion". The guidelines and core ideas provide more perspectives for the follow-up research on China's public diplomacy.
目次
中文摘要......................i
Abstract...................... ii
目次........................iii
表目錄.......................vii
圖目錄.......................viii
第一章 研究背景與動機............... 1
第一節 人權議題................. 1
壹 現代人權議題之重要性 ............1
貳 威權國家迫害人權爭議 ............4
第二節 推特上的公共外交............. 6
壹 各國推特外交現象.............. 6
貳 中國大外宣計畫與推特外交發展........ 9
第三節 中國「戰狼外交」現象概述......... 11
壹 戰狼外交相關事例與爭議........... 11
貳 戰狼外交起源................ 13
一 中美關係與國際情勢轉變.......... 13
二 習近平時代外交政策趨強硬......... 15
三 戰狼外交與情緒影響............ 16
第二章 文獻探討.................. 17
第一節 社群媒體與人權議題............. 17
壹 各國人權爭議事件舉例............. 17
貳 推特上的人權議題............... 20
第二節 推特公共外交................ 28
壹 推特平台特性與國際外交之應用......... 28
貳 中國大外宣計畫與推特外交策略......... 30
參 戰狼外交現象................. 32
一 戰狼外交源起與中國外交戰略之轉變...... 32
二 戰狼外交定義................33
三 戰狼外交發展趨勢與相關研究........ 35
第三節 情緒極化 ..................38
壹 網路不文明言論與現象 .............38
貳 不文明言論與情緒極化 .............40
參 情緒差異與情感極化現象 ............43
肆 推特上的情緒分析研究............. 45
第三章 研究方法................... 47
第一節 資料分析與處理...............47
壹 文本選定範圍與標準..............49
貳 資料蒐集時間.................49
第二節 資料分析方法 ............... 50
壹 BERT 雙向編碼器表示技術...........51
貳 LDA 潛在狄利克雷分布主題模型........ 52
參 VADER 情緒分析方法.............53
第四章 研究結果................... 59
第一節 戰狼推文不文明言論所呈現的主題態樣.....60
第二節 戰狼推文針對新疆及人權議題採取的論述策略..65
第三節 戰狼針對新疆及人權的推文影響推特用戶情緒之態樣.....................72
壹、 批評他國人權劣跡的推文總體情緒最負面,論述新疆人權為中國內政之推文則呈現較多中立情緒...73
貳、 戰狼推文有影響推特用戶情緒趨向極化,但效果不大.....................74
第五章 討論與結論.................. 77
第一節 戰狼外交論述策略與形象建構目的....... 77
第二節 探討戰狼推文影響用戶的情緒極化策略.....79
第三節 戰狼推文呼應習近平掌握國際話語權之策略...83
第四節 研究貢獻與建議...............84
壹、研究貢獻..................84
貳、研究限制與建議...............86
參考文獻.......................87
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