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研究生:黃小娟
研究生(外文):HUANG, HSIAO-CHUAN
論文名稱:死亡態度的多面向測量:以南華大學生死系學生為例
論文名稱(外文):A Multidimensional Measure of Attitudes towards Death: Taking the Students of the Department of Life-and-Death of Nanhua University as an Example
指導教授:張國偉張國偉引用關係
指導教授(外文):CHANG, KUO-WEI
口試委員:孫智辰楊筱慧
口試委員(外文):SUEN, JR-CHENSYANG, HSIAO-HUI
口試日期:2022-12-28
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:南華大學
系所名稱:生死學系碩博士班
學門:人文學門
學類:其他人文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2023
畢業學年度:111
語文別:中文
論文頁數:110
中文關鍵詞:死亡態度生死學系死亡識能
外文關鍵詞:attitude towards deathdepartment of Life and Deathdeath consciousness
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  本研究目的在於研究南華大學生死系大學部學生的死亡態度。經過大學四年生死學相關課程的洗禮後,課程與實習經驗對於死亡的態度是否有顯著差異?而2019年至今的新冠肺炎(Covid-19)疫病流行期間所帶來的疾病與死亡衝擊,是否影響其如何因應面對死亡態度。
  主要以生死系大學部學生為研究對象,分別有A班「殯葬服務組」、B班「社會工作組」與C班「諮商組」三組。全系三組、四個年級其總學生數有592位,本研究採取全母體普查入班方式請同學自願使用電子問卷收集,總共收取263位問卷樣本,剔除4位非本系同學,實際總人數259位。研究方法為問卷調查法,研究工具是採用中文死亡態度量表DAP-R,用描述分析平均數差異、卡方檢定、Pearson 積差相關、Anova 單因子變異數等,統計方法進行資料分析。
  本研究之研究結果如下:
一、受試者佔比居多的部份:女性佔74.9%,無宗教佔40.5%,殯葬組佔54.1%,2年級佔 31.7%,2020年至今有經歷過喪親或參加喪禮佔52.9%。
二、死亡態度題目分析在自然接受(NA)有四題平均數最高,在逃避死亡(DA)有三題是平均數最低。
三、在死亡態度五大面向之相關中,死亡恐懼(FD)與逃避死亡(DA)相關係數絕對值.57是中度正相關,達統計上顯著差異。
四、卡方檢定自然別與死亡恐懼FD交叉表中,男性的死亡恐懼態度較高,有顯著差異(p<0.05)。在不同宗教與趨近接受的交叉表中,發現宗教別確實有顯著差異,大學生有了宗教信仰之後,對於恐懼程度就比較低。
五、在宗教與死亡態度的五大面向單因子變異數分析中,有顯著差異的是.007死亡恐懼跟.000趨近接受。
  The purpose of this study is to explore the attitudes towards death of students in the Department of Death of Nanhua University students. After four years of life-and-death-related courses in college, is there a significant difference in attitudes toward death between the course and the internship experience? And whether the impact of illness and death brought about by the 2019-to-date Covid-19 epidemic has affected how to deal with death.
  Taking the undergraduate students of the Department of Life and Death as the research object, there are three groups: Class A "Funeral Service Group", Class B "Social Work Group" and Class C "Consultation Group". The total number of students in the three groups and four grades of the whole department is 592. This study adopts the method of enumeration of all mothers and invites students to use electronic questionnaires to collect voluntarily. A total of 263 questionnaire samples are collected, and 4 students who are not from the department are excluded. The actual total The number of people is 259. The research method is the questionnaire survey method, and the research tool is the Chinese Death Attitude Scale DAP-R, using descriptive analysis mean, Pearson product difference correlation, chi-square test, Anova single factor variance, etc., to analyze the data.
  The findings of this study are as follows:
1. The majority of subjects: 74.9% are women, 40.5% are non-religious, 54.1% are in the funeral group, 31.7% are in the second grade, and 52.9% have experienced bereavement or attended funerals since 2020.
2. Analysis of Death Attitude Items In Natural Acceptance (NA), there are four items with the highest average, and in Avoidance of Death (DA), there are three items with the lowest average.
3. In the correlation of the five aspects of death attitude, the absolute value of the correlation coefficient between fear of death (FD) and avoidance of death (DA) is .57, which is a moderate positive correlation, which is significant.
4. In the FD cross-tabulation of gender and fear of death in the Chi-square test, the fear of death in men is higher, which is significant. In the cross-tabulation of different religions and near-acceptance, it is found that there are indeed significant differences among different religions. After college students have religious beliefs, their fear level is relatively low.
5. In the single factor analysis of variance for the five dimensions of religion and death attitudes, there is a significant difference between .007 death fear and .000 approaching acceptance.
謝誌 I
摘要 II
ABSTRACT III
目錄 V
圖目錄 VII
表目錄 VIII
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究動機 2
第三節 研究目的 7
第四節 研究問題 8
第五節 名詞界定 10
第二章 文獻探討 11
第一節 性別影響死亡態度 11
第二節 探討年紀是否影響死亡態度 14
第三節 學科訓練影響死亡態度 19
第四節 宗教信仰對死亡態度的影響 24
第五節 喪親經驗對死亡態度的影響 29
第六節 小結 32
第三章 研究方法 35
第一節 研究設計 35
第二節 研究架構 37
第三節 研究對象 38
第四節 研究工具 39
第五節 資料分析方法 49
第四章 研究結果分析 50
第一節 樣本描述分析 50
第二節 死亡態度題目分析 53
第三節 死亡態度五大面向之相關 71
第四節 五大面向卡方檢定 74
第五節 死亡態度變異數分析 79
第五章 結論與建議 93
第一節 結論 93
第二節 未來研究建議 98
參考文獻 99
附錄: (研究問卷網址) 110
圖3-1研究架構圖 37
表4-1-1 性別 50
表4-1-2 宗教信仰 51
表4-1-3 組別 51
表4-1-4 年級 52
表4-1-5 2020年至今是否有經歷過喪親或參加喪禮 52
表4-2-1 毫無疑問,死亡是一種令人毛骨悚然的經歷 55
表4-2-2 想到自己的死亡,我就感到焦處不安 55
表4-2-3 人終將會死讓我感到困擾 56
表4-2-4 我對死亡有強烈的恐懼感 56
表4-2-5 死後生活問題,有極大的困擾著我 57
表4-2-6 死亡意味著一切的結束,這個事實令我感到害怕 57
表4-2-7 死後將發生什麼事的不確定性讓我很擔心困擾 58
表4-2-8 我不惜一切代價避免死亡的念頭 58
表4-2-9 每當死亡的想法進入腦海中,我都試著將它趕走 59
表4-2-10 我總是盡量不要去想到死亡 59
表4-2-11 我完全避免去想到死亡 60
表4-2-12 我盡量避免與死亡相關的事物 60
表4-2-13 死亡應視為自然的、無可否認而且是不可避免的 61
表4-2-14 死亡是生命過程中自然的部分 61
表4-2-15 我既不懼怕死亡,也不歡迎死亡 62
表4-2-16 死亡只是生命過程的一部份而已 62
表4-2-17 死亡既不是好事也不是壞事 63
表4-2-18我相信我死後定會進入天堂或極樂世界 63
表4-2-19 死亡是通往極樂世界的入口 64
表4-2-20我相信天堂將比這個世界更好 64
表4-2-21 死亡是與神和永恆幸福的結合 65
表4-2-22 死亡會帶來嶄新輝煌的生命願景 65
表4-2-23 我期待著死後與親人的團圓 66
表4-2-24 我視死亡為通往永恆幸福之地的通道 66
表4-2-25 死亡為靈魂提供的美好的解脫 67
表4-2-26 在面對死亡時,讓我感到安慰的是因為我相信死後仍會有生命 67
表4-2-27 對死後的世界懷有期待 68
表4-2-28 死亡將帶走我所有煩惱 68
表4-2-29 死亡可讓我逃脫這可怕的世界 69
表4-2-30 死亡是從痛苦和苦難中解脫 69
表4-2-31 我認為死亡為現世痛苦的解脫 70
表4-2-32 我認為死亡可以減輕生活負擔 70
表4-3-1五大面向的相關 73
表4-4-1性別與死亡恐懼-交叉表 75
表4-4-2性別與死亡恐懼-卡方檢定 75
表4-4-3宗教與趨近接受-交叉表 77
表4-4-4宗教與趨近接受-卡方檢定 77
表4-4-5基本資料與五大面向四分位表 78
表4-5-1年級單因子變異數分析 79
表4-5-2多重比較 80
表4-5-3年級與死亡恐懼 80
表4-5-4年級與死亡逃避 81
表4-5-5年級與自然接受 82
表4-5-6年級與趨近接受 82
表4-5-7年級與趨近接受 83
表4-5-8組別單因子變異數分析 84
表4-5-9組別多重比較 85
表4-5-10組別與死亡恐懼 86
表4-5-11組別與死亡逃避 86
表4-5-12組別與自然接受 87
表4-5-13組別與趨近接受 87
表4-5-14組別與逃離接受 88
表4-5-15單因子變異數分析 89
表4-5-16宗教與死亡恐懼 90
表4-5-17宗教與趨近接受 92
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