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研究生:李佳薇
研究生(外文):LI, JIA-WEI
論文名稱:父母心理控制與成年子女之愛情心理控制:自我分化的中介影響
論文名稱(外文):Parental psychological control and adult children's romantic psychological control: The mediating effect of self-differentiation.
指導教授:卓紋君卓紋君引用關係
指導教授(外文):WenChun Cho
口試委員:凃金堂陳志賢
口試委員(外文):Chin-Tang TuChen Chih-Hsien
口試日期:2023-06-29
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄師範大學
系所名稱:諮商心理與復健諮商研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2023
畢業學年度:111
語文別:中文
論文頁數:145
中文關鍵詞:父母心理控制愛情心理控制自我分化成年子女
外文關鍵詞:parental psychological controlromantic psychological controlself-differentiationadult children
相關次數:
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  • 下載下載:77
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
    本研究旨於探討成年人「父母心理控制」對 「愛情心理控制」的影響,以及「自我分化」在上述關係的中介效果,並納入性別與教育程度為背景變項,進行差異分析。本研究採便利取樣,以網路問卷蒐集340位年齡介於18-35歲的成年人為研究參與者。在研究工具上,包含「父母心理控制量表」、「自我分化量表──修訂版」與「大學生愛情心理控制量表」。研究者透過描述性統計、相依樣本t檢定、獨立樣本t檢定、相關分析、線性迴歸分析等統計方法以進行分析,本研究主要發現如下:
一、現今成年子女的父親心理控制為低程度,母親心理控制為中下程度,自我分化為中程度,愛情心理控制為低程度。
二、不同性別的成年子女在父親心理控制與母親心理控制上無顯著差異,在「自我分化」與「愛情心理控制」上有顯著差異。
三、不同教育程度之成年子女在「父親心理控制」、「母親心理控制」與「愛情心理控制」上無顯著差異,不同教育程度之成年人在「自我分化」有顯著差異。
四、成年子女之「父母心理控制」與「自我分化」有顯著負相關。
五、成年子女之「父母心理控制」與「愛情心理控制」有顯著正相關。
六、成年子女之「自我分化」與「愛情心理控制」有顯著負相關。
七、成年子女之「自我分化」在「父母心理控制」與「愛情心理控制」有「部分中介」效果。
    根據本研究結果,提出對親子關係、成年子女及諮商輔導專業人員提出相關建議,並提供未來研究方向之參考。
    The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of adults "parental psychological control" on "romantic psychological control" and the mediating effect of "self-differentiation" in the above relationship. At the same time, gender and educational level were included as a background variable for difference analysis. The participants of the study were 340 adult participants aged between 18 and 35, who were measured with internet questionnaire by convenient sampling. The research tools include the " Parental psychological control questionnaire ", " Differentiation of Self Inventory " and the " Psychological Controls in Romantic relationships of the College Students ". Data analyze included descriptive statistics, t-test, Pearson coefficient of correlation, and linear regression analysis. The main findings of this study with adult children are as follows:
1. The level of paternal psychological control among adult children is low, maternal psychological control is medium-low, while self-differentiation is at a medium level, and romantic psychological control is low.
2.There are no gender significant differences between paternal psychological control and maternal psychological control. However, a significant difference exists in self-differentiation and romantic psychological control.
3. There are no differences in educational levels of paternal psychological control, maternal psychological control, and romantic psychological control. However, a significant difference exists in self-differentiation.
4. There is a significant negative correlation between parental psychological control and self-differentiation.
5. There is a significant positive correlation between parental psychological control and romantic psychological control.
6. There is a significant negative correlation between self-differentiation and romantic psychological control.
7. Self-differentiation has a "partial mediating" effect between parental psychological control and romantic psychological control.
 
    Based on the results of this study, relevant recommendations are provided for adults and counseling professionals, and suggestions for future research directions are also addressed.
目錄
摘  要 I
Abstract VII
表次 XI
圖次 XIII
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的與問題 5
第三節 名詞釋義 6
第二章 文獻探討 9
第一節 父母心理控制之內涵與相關研究 9
第二節 自我分化之概念與相關研究 16
第三節 愛情心理控制之相關研究 24
第四節 父母心理控制、自我分化與愛情心理控制之相關研究 33
第三章 研究方法 35
第一節 研究架構 35
第二節 研究假設 37
第三節 研究對象 38
第四節 研究工具 42
第五節 研究程序 69
第六節 資料處理 70
第四章 研究結果與討論 73
第一節 成年人於父母心理控制、自我分化與愛情心理控制之現況分析 73
第二節 不同背景變項之成年人在父母心理控制、自我分化與愛情心理控制之差異情形 76
第三節 成年人父母心理控制、自我分化與愛情心理控制之相關情形 86
第四節 成年人自我分化情形在父母心理控制與愛情心理控制之間的中介效果分析 92
第五節 綜合討論 94
第五章 結論與建議 107
第一節 研究結論 107
第二節 研究限制與建議 109
參考文獻 115
一、中文部分 115
二、英文部分 120
附錄 133
附錄一、父母心理控制量表使用授權同意書 133
附錄二、自我分化量表─修訂版量表使用授權同意書 134
附錄三、大學生愛情心理控制量表使用授權同意書 135
附錄四、預試問卷 136
附錄五、正式問卷 142



表次
表3-3-1預試對象及「個人背景變項」之百分比分配表 39
表3-3-2施測對象及「個人背景變項」之百分比分配表 41
表3-4-1「父親心理控制」項目分析摘要表 45
表3-4-2「母親心理控制」項目分析摘要表 46
表3-4-3「父親心理控制」量表第一次因素分析摘要表 47
表3-4-4「母親心理控制」量表第一次因素分析摘要表 48
表3-4-5「父親心理控制」量表第二次因素分析摘要表 49
表3-4-6「母親心理控制」量表第二次因素分析摘要表 50
表3-4-7「父母心理控制量表」因素相關摘要表 50
表3-4-8「父母心理控制」分量表及總量表信度摘要表 51
表3-4-9「自我分化量表中文版」項目分析摘要表 54
表3-4-10「自我分化量表──修訂版量表」第一次因素分析摘要表 57
表3-4-11「自我分化量表──修訂版量表」第二次因素分析摘要表 59
表3-4-12「自我分化」因素相關摘要表 59
表3-4-13「自我分化」分量表及總量表信度摘要表 60
表3-4-14「大學生愛情心理控制量表」項目分析摘要表 63
表3-4-15 「愛情心理控制」第一次因素分析摘要表 65
表3-4-16 「愛情心理控制」第二次因素分析摘要表 67
表3-4-17 「愛情心理控制」因素相關摘要表 68
表3-4-18 「愛情心理控制」分量表及總量表信度摘要表 68
表4-1-1 各量表之描述行統計分析 75
表4-1-2 成年人父母心理控制相依樣本t考驗 76
表4-2-1 不同性別的成年人於父親心理控制各層面差異比較之t考驗摘要表 77
表4-2-2 不同性別的成年人於母親心理控制各層面差異比較之t考驗摘要表 78
表4-2-3 不同性別的成年人於自我分化各層面差異比較之t考驗摘要表 79
表4-2-4 不同性別的成年人於愛情心理控制各層面差異比較之t考驗摘要表 80
表4-2-5不同教育程度的成年人於父親心理控制各層面差異比較之t考驗摘要表 81
表4-2-6不同教育程度的成年人於母親心理控制各層面差異比較之變異數分析摘要表 82
表4-2-7不同教育程度的成年人於自我分化各層面差異比較之t考驗摘要表 84
表4-2-8 不同教育程度的成年人於愛情心理控制各層面差異比較之t考驗摘要表 85
表4-3-1 成年人父母心理控制與自我分化之相關分析摘要表 87
表4-3-2 成年人父母心理控制與愛情心理控制之相關分析摘要表 89
表4-3-3 成年人自我分化與愛情心理控制之相關分析摘要表 91
表4-4-1 成年人自我分化於父母心理控制與愛情心理控制之中介效果摘要表 93
 

圖次
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圖3-1-1 研究架構圖 36
圖4-4-1 父母心理控制對愛情心理控制之直接效果 93
圖4-4-2 自我分化在父母心理控制與愛情心理控制之中介效果模式 93
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