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研究生:何宗祐
研究生(外文):Ho, Tsung-Yu
論文名稱:正念減壓課程趨勢發展與影響-以領導者為例
論文名稱(外文):Trends in the Development and Impact of Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction Programs - The Example of Leaders
指導教授:林哲群林哲群引用關係
指導教授(外文):Lin, Che-Chun
口試委員:楊屯山蔡錦堂
口試委員(外文):Yang, Jerry T.Say, Jiin-Tarng
口試日期:2023-05-01
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:高階經營管理雙聯碩士在職學位學程
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2023
畢業學年度:111
語文別:中文
論文頁數:61
中文關鍵詞:正念正念減壓MBSR課程正念領導
外文關鍵詞:MindfulnessMindful leadershipMindfulness-Based Stress Reduction
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在當今的商業世界中,處於一個前所未有的後疫情時代,領導者更需具備開放的心態,敏銳的洞察力,準確的決策能力與創造力,來因應隨時會發生變化的挑戰。領導與決策能力一直是每個企業關注並期望持續提升的目標。同時,積極的組織文化也是企業成功的重要因素之一。一個積極的組織文化可以促進員工的創造力和工作滿意度,提高企業的績效和競爭力。在這樣的背景下,正念作為一種新興的管理實踐,逐漸受到領導者和組織的重視。全球知名企業如Google、McKinsey、Apple、Meta、Intel等公司都積極引入正念課程,來幫助領導者和員工面對壓力與變化。正念可以幫助更好地管理情緒,提高專注力和創造力,從而影響組織文化提高效率達成目標。
因此,本文將探討正念與領導力的相互關係,近一步以訪談有正念習慣的領導者在接觸前後的感受與認知差異,來判斷是否能以正念練習的益處來培養領導力和提升決策品質。最後,本文將提出一些實踐建議,讓企業與領導者引入正念課程的適當性與影響性。
In today's business world, in an unprecedented post-epidemic era, leaders need to be open-minded, perceptive, accurate and creative in making decisions to meet the challenges of change. Leadership and decision-making skills are always a concern and a continuous goal for every organization. At the same time, a positive organizational culture is one of the most important factors for business success. A positive organizational culture promotes employee creativity and job satisfaction, and enhances corporate performance and competitiveness. In this context, mindfulness as an emerging management practice is gradually gaining the attention of leaders and organizations. Leading companies such as Google, McKinsey, Apple, Meta, Intel and others have introduced mindfulness programs to help leaders and employees cope with stress and change. mindfulness can help to better manage emotions, improve focus and creativity, and thus influence the organizational culture to improve efficiency and achieve goals.
Therefore, this paper will explore the interrelationship between mindfulness and leadership, and will take a closer look at the differences in perceptions and feelings of leaders who have been exposed to mindfulness to determine if the benefits of mindfulness practices can be used to develop leadership and improve the quality of decision making.
Finally, this paper will offer some practical suggestions for companies and leaders to introduce the appropriateness and impact of mindfulness programs.
目錄
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究問題與目的 4
第三節 論文架構 5
第貳章 文獻回顧與探討 6
第一節 正念起源與內涵 6
第二節 當代正念發展與貢獻 7
第三節 正念訓練與課程內容 9
第四節 正念與領導力的關係 14
第參章 研究方法 18
第一節 深度訪談法 18
第三節 訪談大綱與過程 21
第肆章 研究結果與分析 23
第一節 正念課程參與動機 23
第二節 正念課程收穫與幫助 24
第三節 正念課程對領導者的影響 29
第四節 正念課程引入企業分析 35
第伍章 結論與建議 40
第一節 研究結論 40
第二節 研究建議 42
參考文獻 45
附錄 48
參考文獻
一、中文部分
陳寀羚、周汎澔、王秀紅(2016).正念之概念分析.護理雜誌,63(2),113-119
二、英文部分
Weick, K. E., & Putnam, T. (2006). Organizing for mindfulness: Eastern wisdom and western knowledge. Journal of Management Inquiry, 15(3), 275−287.
Brensilver, M. (2011). Letter to the editor: Response to ‘a systematic review of neurobiological and clinical features of mindfulness meditations’. Psychological Medicine, 41(3), 666–668.
Siegel, R. D., Germer, C. K., & Olendzki, A. (2009). Mindfulness: What is it? Where did it come from? In F. Didonna (Ed.), Clinical handbook of mindfulness (pp. 17–35). New York, USA: Springer Science+Business Media.
Good, D. J., Lyddy, C. J., Glomb, T. M., Bono, J. E., Brown, K. W., Duffy, M. K., ... Lazar, S. W. (2016). Contemplating mindfulness at work: An integrative review. Journal of Management, 42(1), 114−142.
Lange, S., Bormann, K. C., & Rowold, J. (2018). Mindful leadership: Mindfulness as a new antecedent of destructive and transformational leadership behavior. Gruppe. Interaktion. Organisation. Zeitschrift Für Angewandte Organisationspsychologie (GIO), 49(2), 139−147.
Kabat-Zinn, J. (1982). An outpatient program in behavioral medicine for chronic pain patients based on the practice of mindfulness meditation: Theoretical considerations and preliminary results. General Hospital Psychiatry, 4(1), 33−47.
Kabat-Zinn, J. (1990). Full catastrophe living: How to cope with stress, pain and illness using mindfulness meditation. New York, NY: Bantam Dell.
Weick, K. E., & Roberts, K. H. (1993). Collective mind in organizations: Heedful interrelating on flight decks. Administrative Science Quarterly, 38(3), 357−381.
Chen, T. L., Chou, F. H., & Wang, H. H. (2016). Mindfulness: A concept analysis. The Journal of Nursing, 63(2), 113–119. https://doi .org/10.6224/JN.63.2.113
Miller, J. J., Fletcher, K., & Kabat-Zinn, J. (1995). Three-year follow-up and clinical implications of a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction intervention in the treatment of anxiety disorders. General Hospital Psychiatry, 17(3), 192–200.

Segal, Z. V., Williams, J. M. G., & Teasdale, J. D. (2012). Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Depression. New York: Guilford Press.

Vujanovic, A. A., Niles, B., Pietrefesa, A., Schmertz, S. K., & Potter, C. M. (2011). Mindfulness in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder among military veterans. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 42(1), 24–31

Wanden-Berghe, R. G., Sanz-Valero, J., & Wanden-Berghe, C. (2011). The application of mindfulness to eating disorders treatment: A systematic review. Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment & Prevention, 19(1), 34–48.
Crane, C., Barnhofer, T., Duggan, D. S., Hepburn, S., Fennell, M. V., & Williams, J. M. G. (2008). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy and self-discrepancy in recovered depressed patients with a history of depression and suicidality. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 32(6), 775–787.
Shonin, E., Van Gordon, W., & Griffiths, M. D. (2014). Do mindfulness–based therapies have a role in the treatment of psychosis? Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 48(2), 124–127.
Garcia-Prieto, P. (2014). Psycho–oncology: A patient’s view. In U. Goerling (Ed.), Psycho-oncology (Vol. 197, pp. 49–58). New York, NY: Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Sears, S., & Kraus, S. (2009). I think therefore i om: Cognitive distortions and coping style as mediators for the effects of mindfulness meditation on anxiety, positive and negative affect, and hope. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 65(6), 561–573.
Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2003). The benefits of being present: Mindfulness and its role in psychological well–being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(4), 822–848.
Neff, K. D., Rude, S. S., & Kirkpatrick, K. L. (2007). An examination of self–compassion in relation to positive psychological functioning and personality traits. Journal of Research in Personality, 41(4), 908–916.
Rasmussen, M. K., & Pidgeon, A. M. (2011). The direct and indirect benefits of dispositional mindfulness on self-esteem and social anxiety. Anxiety, Stress, & Coping, 24(2), 227–233.
Ryan, R. M., & Brown, K. W. (2003). Why we don't need self-esteem: On fundamental needs, contingent love, and mindfulness. Psychological Inquiry, 14(1), 71–76.
Zindel V. Segal, J. Mark G. Williams, John D. Teasdale(2018). Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Depression (Second Edition). New York, The Guilford.
三、網路資源
台灣正念工坊, https://www.mindfulnesscenter.tw
台灣正念發展協會, http://www.mindfulness.org.tw/index_tw.php
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