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研究生:林書筠
研究生(外文):Lin, Shu-Yun
論文名稱:配位錯合物之光學與電學性質應用於化學感測器之研究
論文名稱(外文):Optical and Electrical Properties of Coordination Complexes Applied to Chemical Sensors
指導教授:呂家榮呂家榮引用關係
指導教授(外文):Lu, Chia-Jung
口試委員:宋蕙伶劉茂煌呂家榮
口試委員(外文):Sung, Hui-LingLiu, Mao-HuangLu, Chia-Jung
口試日期:2023-06-27
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:化學系
學門:自然科學學門
學類:化學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2023
畢業學年度:111
語文別:中文
論文頁數:90
中文關鍵詞:配位錯合物離子偵測器單層奈米碳管氣體感測器
外文關鍵詞:Coordination complexesion detectorSWCNTgas sensor
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本研究主要探討自製與市售的配位錯合物的光學與電學性質。在室溫中將2,4,6-tris(phosphorylmethyl)mesitylene或1,2,4,5-tetrakis(phosphorylmethyl)benzene、1,10-phenanthroline與六水合氯酸鎘經擴散法得到CdP3與CdP4。由於前驅物與錯合物都具有螢光,故將CdP3與CdP4加入有選擇性的鋅離子,以不同濃度去偵測螢光強度。
Ru(ddp)本身具有螢光,故常作為螢光偵測器。為了實現在螢光儀中觀察固體錯合物測定有機氣體時所發生的變化,因此將Ru(ddp)混和PDMS做成薄膜,以頂空法抽取飽和氣體,觀察螢光光譜的差異。接著再以實驗室自組的螢光感測器搭配氣體生成系統去測定有機氣體。
最後將單層奈米碳管與Ru(ddp)混和滴在碳電極上,利用氣體生成系統共測定10種有機氣體,觀察到奈米碳管通入butanol時反應最好,在112 ppm有0.152%的響應值 (Response),則奈米碳 Ru(ddp)對octane具有高度的反應,在706 ppm有1.94%響應值。值得注意的是,有混和Ru(ddp)的奈米碳管對所有的有機氣體之Response比奈米碳管佳,所以Ru(ddp)能增加奈米碳管的靈敏度。
This study mainly investigates the optical and electrical properties of self-made and commercially available coordination complexes. CdP3 and CdP4 were obtained by diffusing 2,4,6-tris(phosphorylmethyl)mesitylene or 1,2,4,5-tetrakis(phosphorylmethyl)benzene, 1,10-phenanthroline, hexahydrate and cadmium chlorate at room temperature. Since both the precursor and the complex have fluorescent, CdP3 and CdP4 are added with selective zinc ions to detect the fluorescence intensity at different concentrations.
Ru(ddp) itself is fluorescent, so it is often used as a fluorescent detector. In order to observe the changes that occur when solid complexes are measured in a fluorometer and determine organic gases, Ru(ddp) mixed with PDMS to make a thin film, the saturated gas was extracted by the headspace method to observe the difference in the fluorescence spectrum. Then, the laboratory self-assembled fluorescent sensor and gas generation system were used to measure organic gases.
Finally, the single-layer carbon nanotubes were mixed with Ru(ddp) and dropped on the carbon electrode, and a total of 10 kinds of organic gases were measured by the gas generation system. It is observed that carbon nanotubes have the best response when they are fed into butanol, and there is a response value of 0.152% at 112 ppm, and then carbon nanotubes @ Ru(ddp) have a high degree of response to octane, with 1.94% at 706 ppm. It is worth noting that carbon nanotubes mixed with Ru(ddp) have a better response to all organic gases than carbon nanotubes, so Ru(ddp) can increase the sensitivity of carbon nanotubes.
第一章 緒論 1
1-1研究背景與動機 1
1-2配位錯合物 3
1-2-1 有機金屬錯合物合成方法 4
1-2-2金屬有機框架 6
1-3螢光原理 7
1-3-1 配位錯合物發光的機制 8
1-3-2螢光離子感測器之應用 11
1-4 奈米碳管 14
1-4-1奈米碳管作為氣體感測器之應用 15
1-5 Tris(4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline)ruthenium(II) 18
1-5-1 Tris(4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline)ruthenium(II)之應用 19
第二章 實驗方法 22
2-1實驗藥品與器材 22
2-1-1實驗藥品 22
2-1-2實驗儀器與器材 25
2-2 CdP3與CdP4錯合物 26
2-2-1 CdP3錯合物合成 26
2-2-2 CdP4錯合物合成 26
2-3 螢光儀測定CdP3及CdP4對金屬離子選擇性 28
2-4 自組光譜儀的感測系統 29
2-4-1光譜儀參數設定 29
2-5絕對差值總合法 30
2-6 氣體生成系統 31
第三章 結果與討論 33
3-1 CdP3與CdP4錯合物之鑑定 33
3-1-1 XRD圖譜鑑定 33
3-1-2 FT-IR圖譜鑑定 34
3-1-3 SEM圖譜鑑定 39
3-1-4螢光光譜儀分析 43
3-1-5 CdP3與CdP4錯合物對金屬離子的選擇性 51
3-1-6 CdP3與CdP4錯合物對鋅離子的濃度變化趨勢 55
3-2 Ru(ddp)錯合物材料鑑定 57
3-2-1螢光光譜儀分析 57
3-2-2 Ru(ddp)對氣體的螢光光譜圖 59
3-2-3自組螢光感測器之分析 61
3-3奈米碳 Ru(ddp) 63
3-3-1奈米碳管對於有機氣體之感測訊號圖 63
3-3-2奈米碳 Ru(ddp)對於有機氣體之感測訊號圖 66
3-3-3比較奈米碳管與奈米碳 Ru(ddp)之訊號 70
3-3-4奈米碳 Ru(ddp)對Isobutylamine的感測結果與探討 76
3-4反應機制 78
第四章 結論 80
參考文獻 81
附錄 90
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