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研究生:廖怡媗
研究生(外文):LIAO, YI-HSUAN
論文名稱:臺灣西南海域梭氏蜥鮫之生殖生物學研究
論文名稱(外文):Reproductive biology of the blacktip sawtail catshark Galeus sauteri from southwestern waters off Taiwan
指導教授:莊守正莊守正引用關係
指導教授(外文):JOUNG, SHOOU-JENG
口試委員:劉光明翁進興蔡文沛
口試委員(外文):LIU, KWANG-MINGWENG, JINN-SHINGTSAI, WEN-PEI
口試日期:2023-07-19
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:環境生物與漁業科學學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:漁業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2023
畢業學年度:111
語文別:中文
論文頁數:61
中文關鍵詞:梭氏蜥鮫生殖生物學生殖腺指數性成熟體長性比
外文關鍵詞:Galeus sauterireproductive biologygonadosomatic indexlength at maturitysex ratio
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梭氏蜥鮫(Galeus sauteri)屬於多獲性的底棲性物種,分布於臺灣周邊海域水深60–200 m的沙泥底海床環境。因其體型小、經濟價值較低,相關的生物學研究仍較為缺乏。過去僅研究臺灣東北部海域的族群,因此本研究針對臺灣西南海域的梭氏蜥鮫進行生殖生物學研究。樣本自2021年11月至2022年10月由東港底拖網漁船所捕獲,作業海域在高雄以南,水深約為100–450 m處。本研究共採得721尾樣本,雌魚366尾(9.5–43.7 cm TL),雄魚355尾(6.8–39.1 cm TL),經由卡方檢定顯示雌雄性比與1:1無顯著差異(p>0.05)。本種體全重(BW)及體全長(TL)之關係式經最大概似比檢定,顯示雌、雄間具有顯著差異,雌魚之體長體重關係式為BW=0.00214(TL)^3.0762(n=366, p<0.05),雄魚為BW=0.00204(TL)^3.1097 (n=355, p<0.05)。雌、雄魚之性成熟體長(TL50)分別為36.23 cm TL及33.78 cm TL,而雌、雄魚最小成熟體長為34.2 cm TL與32 cm TL。梭氏蜥鮫之生殖模式為卵生,僅右側卵巢具有功能。經由組織切片之觀察,顯示梭氏蜥鮫卵細胞之發育屬於非同步成熟型(Asynchronous),而本種雄魚精巢發育為複合型(Compound)。藉由觀察卵巢、生殖腺指數(GSI)與肝臟指數(HSI)之月別變化、卵徑大小、妊娠狀態以及生殖腺各成熟階段之月別變化,可判斷梭氏蜥鮫為終年生殖的物種,無特定交配及生殖季節。
The blacktip sawtail catshark, Galeus sauteri is a benthic shark widely distributed in sandy habitats under depth 60 – 200 m off Taiwan waters. They are often treated as trash fish due to their small size and low economic value. Therefore information on their biology is limited, especially in the southwestern waters off Taiwan. Thus, this study is to analyze the reproductive biology of blacktip sawtail catshark , which collected from southwestern Taiwan waters. Samples were collected from bottom trawlers in Donggang port, Taiwan during October 2021 to November 2022. All specimens were captured from the sea area south of Kaohsiung by trawlers under the depth 100 – 450 m. A total of 721 samples were collected, including 355 males (6.8–39.1 cm TL) and 366 females (9.5–43.7 cm TL). Chi-square test indicated no significant difference in sex ratio between males and females (p > 0.05). The relationship between body weight (BW; in g) and total length (TL; in cm) showed that the G.sauteri had significant difference between females BW=0.00214(TL)^3.0762 (n=366, p<0.05) and males BW=0.00204(TL)^3.1097 (n=355, p<0.05). Sizes at 50% sexual maturity are 36.23 and 33.78 cm TL for both females and males, and the minimum size at maturity was 34.2 cm for females and 32 cm for males. G.sauteri is oviparous species that only the right ovary is functional. Based on the histological examination, the oocytes of blacktip sawtail catshark developed asynchronously and the testes shown a compound type. According to the monthly trends in ovary gonadosomatic index (GSI) , hepatosomatic index (HSI) , egg diameters, and monthly percent in each maturity stage, it can be determined that the spawning season of G.sauteri was estimated all round year, and without a specific mating or breeding season.
目錄
摘要 I
Abstract II
目錄 III
圖目次 V
表目次 VI
第一章、前言 1
1-1 型態特徵及分類 1
1-2分布及漁業概況 1
1-3文獻回顧 1
1-4研究動機與目的 2
第二章、材料與方法 4
2-1 樣本採集 4
2-2 樣本處理及測量 4
2-3 性成熟階段之劃分 4
2-3-1 雌魚 4
2-3-2 雄魚 5
2-4 組織切片製作 5
2-5 資料處理及分析 6
第三章、結果 8
3-1 體全長與體重、尾前長之迴歸關係 8
3-2 雌魚生殖系統 8
3-2-1 卵巢(Ovary) 8
3-2-2 共同開口(Ostium) 8
3-2-3 輸卵管(Oviduct) 8
3-3-4 卵殼腺(Shell gland) 9
3-3-5 子宮(Uterus) 9
3-3 雄魚生殖系統 9
3-3-1 精巢(Testis) 9
3-3-2 副睪(Epididymis) 9
3-3-3 輸精管(Vas deferens) 9
3-3-4 儲精囊(Seminal vesicles) 10
3-3-5 交接器(Clasper) 10
3-4 性成熟 10
3-4-1 雌魚性成熟體長 10
3-4-2 雄魚性成熟體長 10
3-4-3 卵子發生(Oogenesis) 10
3-4-4 精子發生(Spermatogenesis) 11
3-5 生殖特性 12
3-5-1 不同成熟階段比例月別變化 12
3-5-2 生殖腺指數(GSI)月別變化 12
3-5-3 肝臟指數(HSI)月別變化 12
3-5-4 最大卵徑月別變化 12
3-5-5 性比之月別變化 13
3-5-6 生殖季節之判定 13
第四章、討論 14
4-1 樣本採集 14
4-2 性成熟 14
4-3 生殖系統 15
4-4 生殖週期與生殖季節 16
4-5 生殖策略 17
4-6 性比 18
4-7 結論 18
參考文獻 19




圖目次
圖一 本研究梭氏蜥鮫的採樣範圍 27
圖二 梭氏蜥鮫體長量測標準 28
圖三 梭氏蜥鮫雌魚之生殖系統 29
圖四 梭氏蜥鮫雄魚之生殖系統 30
圖五 梭氏蜥鮫體長頻度分佈圖 31
圖六 梭氏蜥鮫雌魚體重與體長之迴歸關係 32
圖七 梭氏蜥鮫雄魚體重與體長之迴歸關係 33
圖八 梭氏蜥鮫尾前長與全長之線性迴歸關係 34
圖九 梭氏蜥鮫雌魚生殖腺重量隨全長增加之變化情形 35
圖十 梭氏蜥鮫雌魚成熟個體所佔百分比隨體長增加之變化情形 36
圖十一 梭氏蜥鮫雄魚生殖腺重量隨全長增加之變化情形 37
圖十二 梭氏蜥鮫雄魚交接器長隨體長增加之變化情形 38
圖十三 梭氏蜥鮫雄魚成熟個體所佔百分比隨體長增加之變化情形 39
圖十四 卵母細胞(Oocytes)、 鱗狀細胞(Squamous cell) 40
圖十五 立方上皮(Cuboidal epithelium) 41
圖十六 柱狀上皮(Columnar epithelium)、卵黃球(Yolk globules) 42
圖十七 成層上皮(Stratified epithelium)、卵黃球(Yolk globules) 43
圖十八 初級精原細胞(Primary spermatogonia) 44
圖十九 初期生精囊 (Early spermatocytes) 45
圖二十 初級精母細胞(Primary spermatocytes)、次級精母細胞(Secondary spermatocytes) 46
圖二十一 精細胞 (Spermatid) 47
圖二十二 成熟生精囊 (Mature spermatocysts) 48
圖二十三 各月份間梭氏蜥鮫雌魚的成熟階段比例 49
圖二十四 各月份間梭氏蜥鮫雄魚的成熟階段比例 50
圖二十五 梭氏蜥鮫成熟雌魚生殖腺指數之月別變化情形 51
圖二十六 梭氏蜥鮫成熟雄魚生殖腺指數之月別變化情形 52
圖二十七 梭氏蜥鮫成熟雌魚肝臟指數之月別變化情形 53
圖二十八 梭氏蜥鮫成熟雄魚肝臟指數之月別變化情形 54
圖二十九 梭氏蜥鮫成熟雌魚平均月別最大卵徑之變化情形 55
圖三十 梭氏蜥鮫性比月別變化情形 56


表目次
表一 本研究所使用梭氏蜥鮫樣本的採集月份、樣本數及樣本體長範圍 57
表二 組織切片製作流程圖 58
表三 對比染色之步驟 59
表四 依體長組距之性成熟變化 60
表五 梭氏蜥鮫之月別性比及卡方檢定 61


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