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研究生:吳冠熹
研究生(外文):Kuan-Hsi Wu
論文名稱:聚(3,4-乙烯二氧噻吩)/磷鉬酸之薄膜製備與表徵分析
論文名稱(外文):The Preparation and Characterization of Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) /Phosphomolybdic Acid Films
指導教授:張志宇張志宇引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chih-Yu Chang
口試委員:賴志遠林子仁黃炳綜
口試委員(外文):James Lai
口試日期:2022-09-22
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣科技大學
系所名稱:材料科學與工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:材料工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2023
畢業學年度:111
語文別:中文
論文頁數:54
中文關鍵詞:導電高分子聚(34-乙烯二氧噻吩)磷鉬酸有機太陽能電池
外文關鍵詞:conductive polymerpoly(34-ethylenedioxythiophene)phosphomolybdic acidorganic solar cells
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  • 被引用被引用:0
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  • 下載下載:8
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
在本研究中,我們利用化學氧化聚合法,透過將單體3,4-乙烯二氧噻吩(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene, EDOT)與氧化劑磷鉬酸(phosphomolybdic acid, PMA)混合,合成聚(3,4-乙烯二氧噻吩)(poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene), PEDOT)導電高分子,而由於聚合後的薄膜表面具有較多的孔洞,我們透過PMA溶液對薄膜進行表面處理,處理後的膜面更為平坦且摻雜程度提高。本研究製作出的PEDOT:PMA薄膜具有良好的透光度(80%)、高功函數(5.22 eV)以及優異的水阻抗性,而薄膜的導電度在經過PMA處理後從0.08 S cm-1提升至1.26 S cm-1,高於市售的PEDOT:PSS PH1000(導電度為0.15 S cm-1)。最後我們將PEDOT:PMA薄膜應用於有機太陽能電池,成功驗證了材料應用於電洞傳輸層的可行性。本研究製程簡易且快速、成本低廉,未來可望用於大面積生產,具有廣泛的應用。
In this study, we used chemical oxidative polymerization to synthesize poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (PEDOT) conductive polymer, by mixing the monomer 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (EDOT) with the oxidant phosphomolybdic acid (PMA). Because the surface of the polymerized film has lot of pin-hole, we use the PMA solution to post-treatment the thin film. The treated film surface has a flatter surface and a higher doping level. The PEDOT:PMA film fabricated by this method has good transmittance (80%), high work function (5.22 eV) and excellent water resistance, while the conductivity of the film after PMA treatment increases from 0.08 S cm-1 increased to 1.26 S cm-1, while the conductivity of the commercially available PEDOT:PSS PH1000 was 0.15 S cm-1. Finally, we applied the PEDOT:PMA thin film to organic solar cells, and successfully verified the feasibility of the material applied to the hole transport layer. The research process is simple, fast, and low-cost, and it is expected to be used in large-scale production in the future, with a wide range of applications.
摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 VIII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1前言 1
1.2研究動機與目的 3
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2.1導電高分子發展歷史 4
2.1.1材料價帶理論 5
2.1.2導電高分子導電原理 6
2.1.3導電高分子的摻雜機制 8
2.2導電高分子-PEDOT介紹 9
2.3PEDOT之合成方式 10
2.4磷鉬酸簡介 14
第三章 實驗步驟與分析 17
3.1實驗設計 17
3.2 薄膜製備 18
3.2.1 材料購買 18
3.2.2 基板清洗過程 18
3.2.3 製備PEDOT:PMA溶液以及PMA溶液 18
3.2.4 製備PEDOT:PMA薄膜 19
3.3 製備有機太陽能電池 19
3.3 薄膜相關量測 19
第四章 結果與討論 21
4.1 合成之PEDOT:PMA分析 21
4.1.1 聚合機制推測 21
4.1.2 FTIR 分析 21
4.1.3 Raman 分析 23
4.1.4 XPS 分析 25
4.3 PEDOT:PMA有無經過PMA處理之差異 28
4.3.1 有無經過PMA處理薄膜表面形貌分析 28
4.3.2 有無經過PMA處理薄膜光學性質分析 29
4.3.3 有無經過PMA處理薄膜導電度分析 31
4.3.4 有無經過PMA處理表面功函數分析 31
4.3.5 有無經過PMA處理薄膜水阻抗性測試 32
4.5 PEDOT:PMA薄膜改質 34
4.5.1 功函數分析 34
4.5.2 導電度分析 35
4.6 PEDOT:PMA應用於有機太陽能電池 36
第五章 結論 39
參考文獻 40
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