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研究生:盧世林
研究生(外文):Rusliyanto
論文名稱:印尼與台灣的貿易關係分析與展望
論文名稱(外文):Trade Relationship Analysis and Prospects Between Indonesia and Taiwan
指導教授:黃寬丞
指導教授(外文):Huang, Kuan-cheng
口試委員:姜真秀路豐璟
口試委員(外文):Kang, Jin-SuLu, Frank F.C.
口試日期:2023-01-13
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立陽明交通大學
系所名稱:企業管理碩士學程
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2023
畢業學年度:111
語文別:英文
論文頁數:61
中文關鍵詞:印尼台灣貿易關係國際貿易RCARSCA比較優勢
外文關鍵詞:IndonesiaTaiwantrade relationshipinternational tradeRCARSCAcomparative advantage
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台灣與印尼的合作始於1970年台灣經濟繁榮時期,並經由設立台北經濟貿易辦事處擴大與世界各國的合作。對台灣和印度尼西亞之間的關係進行了幾項研究;更強調文化、經濟、政治、社會、人與人之間的聯繫。然而,本研究主要關注台灣和印度尼西亞之間的貿易關係,以及這些國家未來國際貿易的潛力。
研究人員使用顯示比較優勢(RCA)指數結合顯示對稱比較優勢(RSCA)指數來確定印度尼西亞對台灣和台灣對印度尼西亞前五名產品的出口比較優勢。此外,研究發現每個國家出口的大部分產品都具有正的 RSCA 值,這意味著每個國家出口的大部分產品都具有比較優勢。
然而,這項研究主要關注兩國之間的國際貿易,透過分析印度尼西亞和台灣之間的前 5 大出口產品,並進一步細分每個產品,其結果可能有偏差,因為我們發現一些產品只是出口價值較低。未來的研究預計將結合其他因素,如服務貿易、學生交流等。另外,為避免結果偏差,未來的研究也可能適用於每個國家2位HS編碼的前10大出口產品,分解為6位HS編碼後,只取前10位的數據。
The cooperation among Taiwan and Indonesia began in 1970 when Taiwan Economic booms and they had expanded the cooperation with other countries around the world by establishment of Taipei Economic and Trade Office. Several studies have been conducted on the relationships between Taiwan and Indonesia; these studies put more of an emphasis on the culture, economics, politics, social, people-to-people connection. However, this study focuses primarily on the trade relations between Taiwan and Indonesia and on those nation potential for the future international trade.
Researcher used the Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) Index combined with the Revealed Symmetric Comparative Advantage (RSCA) Index to determine the export comparative advantage of the top five products from Indonesia to Taiwan and from Taiwan to Indonesia. Furthermore, the research finding that most of the products exported from each nation has a positive RSCA value, it means the majority of product exported by each nation has a comparative advantage.
However, this study primarily focuses on the international trade between the two nations by analyzing the top 5 export products between Indonesia and Taiwan and further breakdown each product, the results may bias since we found some product just have low value of export. Future research is anticipated to combine with other factor such as trade in services, student exchange and others. Also, to avoid bias result, the future research may also apply to the top 10 exported products based on 2-digit HS codes from each nation and, after breaking down to 6-digit HS codes, only taking the top data.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT i
ABSTRACT ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS iv
LIST OF TABLES vi
LIST OF FIGURES viii

1. BACKGROUND 1
2. LITERATURE REVIEW
A. International Trade 3
B. Taiwan New Southbound Policy: The Key for Relationship 5
C. Indonesia Vision: Enhance Economic Collaboration 7
D. Indonesia’s Trade Overview 10
E. Taiwan’s Trade Overview 12
3. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
A. Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) Index 14
B. Revealed Symmetric Comparative Advantage (RSCA) Index 15
C. Research Data and Analysis Framework 15
4. ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSIONS - INDONESIA EXPORT PRODUCTS TO TAIWAN AND THE COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE
A. Top 5 products exporting from Indonesia to Taiwan (HS 2 digit) 19
B. Breakdown of top 5 products exporting from Indonesia to Taiwan 22
5. ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSIONS - TAIWAN EXPORT PRODUCTS TO INDONESIA AND THE COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE
A. Top 5 products exporting from Taiwan to Indonesia (HS 2 digit) 30
B. Breakdown of top 5 products exporting from Taiwan to Indonesia 33
6. RECOMMENDATION
A. Indonesia export products to Taiwan 41
B. Taiwan export products to Indonesia 44
C. Recommendation for both nations 48
D. List of Recommendation 50
7. CONCLUSION, LIMITATION AND FUTURE RESEARCH
A. Conclusion 52
B. Limitation and Future Research 53
8. REFERENCE 54
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Source of main data for analysis:
Total Value of World Export Products:
Trade Map ITC (2022). List of exported products for the selected product; Product: TOTAL All products. https://www.trademap.org/Product_SelProduct_TS.aspx?nvpm=1%7c%7c%7c%7c%7cTOTAL%7c%7c%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c2%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1. Retrieved on November 20, 2022.
Indonesia to Taiwan:
Trade Map ITC (2022). Bilateral trade between Indonesia and Taipei, Chinese; Product: TOTAL All products.
https://www.trademap.org/Bilateral_TS.aspx?nvpm=1%7c360%7c%7c490%7c%7cTOTAL%7c%7c%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c2%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1. Retrieved on November 20, 2022.
Trade Map ITC (2022). Existing and potential trade between Indonesia and Taipei, Chinese; Product: 72 Iron and steel.
https://www.trademap.org/Bilateral_TS.aspx?nvpm=1%7c360%7c%7c490%7c%7c72%7c%7c%7c6%7c1%7c1%7c2%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1. Retrieved on November 20, 2022.
Trade Map ITC (2022). Existing and potential trade between Indonesia and Taipei, Chinese; Product: 27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral ... .
https://www.trademap.org/Bilateral_TS.aspx?nvpm=1%7c360%7c%7c490%7c%7c27%7c%7c%7c6%7c1%7c1%7c2%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1. Retrieved on November 20, 2022.
Trade Map ITC (2022). Existing and potential trade between Indonesia and Taipei, Chinese; Product: 26 Ores, slag and ash.
https://www.trademap.org/Bilateral_TS.aspx?nvpm=1%7c360%7c%7c490%7c%7c26%7c%7c%7c6%7c1%7c1%7c2%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1. Retrieved on November 20, 2022.
Trade Map ITC (2022). Existing and potential trade between Indonesia and Taipei, Chinese; Product: 74 Copper and articles thereof. https://www.trademap.org/Bilateral_TS.aspx?nvpm=1%7c360%7c%7c490%7c%7c74%7c%7c%7c6%7c1%7c1%7c2%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1. Retrieved on November 20, 2022.
Trade Map ITC (2022). Existing and potential trade between Indonesia and Taipei, Chinese; Product: 48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard. https://www.trademap.org/Bilateral_TS.aspx?nvpm=1%7c360%7c%7c490%7c%7c48%7c%7c%7c6%7c1%7c1%7c2%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1. Retrieved on November 20, 2022.
Taiwan to Indonesia:
Trade Map ITC (2022). Bilateral trade between Taipei, Chinese and Indonesia; Product: TOTAL All products.
https://www.trademap.org/Bilateral_TS.aspx?nvpm=1%7c490%7c%7c360%7c%7cTOTAL%7c%7c%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c2%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1. Retrieved on November 20, 2022.
Trade Map ITC (2022). Existing and potential trade between Taipei, Chinese and Indonesia; Product: 84 Machinery, mechanical appliances, nuclear reactors, boilers; parts thereof. https://www.trademap.org/Bilateral_TS.aspx?nvpm=1%7c490%7c%7c360%7c%7c84%7c%7c%7c6%7c1%7c1%7c2%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1. Retrieved on November 20, 2022.
Trade Map ITC (2022). Existing and potential trade between Taipei, Chinese and Indonesia; Product: 39 Plastics and articles thereof.
https://www.trademap.org/Bilateral_TS.aspx?nvpm=1%7c490%7c%7c360%7c%7c39%7c%7c%7c6%7c1%7c1%7c2%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1. Retrieved on November 20, 2022.
Trade Map ITC (2022). Existing and potential trade between Taipei, Chinese and Indonesia; Product: 85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television … .
https://www.trademap.org/Bilateral_TS.aspx?nvpm=1%7c490%7c%7c360%7c%7c85%7c%7c%7c6%7c1%7c1%7c2%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1. Retrieved on November 20, 2022.
Trade Map ITC (2022). Existing and potential trade between Taipei, Chinese and Indonesia; Product: 72 Iron and steel.
https://www.trademap.org/Bilateral_TS.aspx?nvpm=1%7c490%7c%7c360%7c%7c72%7c%7c%7c6%7c1%7c1%7c2%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1. Retrieved on November 20, 2022.
Trade Map ITC (2022). Existing and potential trade between Taipei, Chinese and Indonesia; Product: 27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral ... .
https://www.trademap.org/Bilateral_TS.aspx?nvpm=1%7c490%7c%7c360%7c%7c27%7c%7c%7c6%7c1%7c1%7c2%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1. Retrieved on November 20, 2022.
Indonesia to South Korea:
Trade Map ITC (2022). Bilateral trade between Indonesia and Korea, Republic of; Product: TOTAL All products.
https://www.trademap.org/Bilateral_TS.aspx?nvpm=1%7c360%7c%7c410%7c%7cTOTAL%7c%7c%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c2%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1. Retrieved on December 9, 2022.
Trade Map ITC (2022). Existing and potential trade between Indonesia and Korea, Republic of; Product: 27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral ... .
https://www.trademap.org/Bilateral_TS.aspx?nvpm=1%7c360%7c%7c410%7c%7c27%7c%7c%7c6%7c1%7c1%7c2%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1. Retrieved on December 9, 2022.
Trade Map ITC (2022). Existing and potential trade between Indonesia and Korea, Republic of; Product: 26 Ores, slag and ash.
https://www.trademap.org/Bilateral_TS.aspx?nvpm=1%7c360%7c%7c410%7c%7c26%7c%7c%7c6%7c1%7c1%7c2%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1. Retrieved on December 9, 2022.
Trade Map ITC (2022). Existing and potential trade between Indonesia and Korea, Republic of; Product: 72 Iron and steel.
https://www.trademap.org/Bilateral_TS.aspx?nvpm=1%7c360%7c%7c410%7c%7c72%7c%7c%7c6%7c1%7c1%7c2%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1. Retrieved on December 9, 2022.
Trade Map ITC (2022). Existing and potential trade between Indonesia and Korea, Republic of
Product: 44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal.
https://www.trademap.org/Bilateral_TS.aspx?nvpm=1%7c360%7c%7c410%7c%7c44%7c%7c%7c6%7c1%7c1%7c2%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1. Retrieved on December 9, 2022.
Trade Map ITC (2022). Existing and potential trade between Indonesia and Korea, Republic of; Product: 15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products; prepared edible fats; animal ... .
https://www.trademap.org/Bilateral_TS.aspx?nvpm=1%7c360%7c%7c410%7c%7c15%7c%7c%7c6%7c1%7c1%7c2%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1. Retrieved on December 9, 2022.

South Korea to Indonesia:
Trade Map ITC (2022). Bilateral trade between Korea, Republic of and Indonesia; Product: TOTAL All products.
https://www.trademap.org/Bilateral_TS.aspx?nvpm=1%7c410%7c%7c360%7c%7cTOTAL%7c%7c%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c2%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1. Retrieved on December 9, 2022.
Trade Map ITC (2022). Existing and potential trade between Korea, Republic of and Indonesia; Product: 84 Machinery, mechanical appliances, nuclear reactors, boilers; parts thereof. https://www.trademap.org/Bilateral_TS.aspx?nvpm=1%7c410%7c%7c360%7c%7c84%7c%7c%7c6%7c1%7c1%7c2%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1. Retrieved on December 9, 2022.
Trade Map ITC (2022). Existing and potential trade between Korea, Republic of and Indonesia; Product: 39 Plastics and articles thereof. https://www.trademap.org/Bilateral_TS.aspx?nvpm=1%7c410%7c%7c360%7c%7c39%7c%7c%7c6%7c1%7c1%7c2%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1. Retrieved on December 9, 2022.
Trade Map ITC (2022). Existing and potential trade between Korea, Republic of and Indonesia; Product: 72 Iron and steel.
https://www.trademap.org/Bilateral_TS.aspx?nvpm=1%7c410%7c%7c360%7c%7c72%7c%7c%7c6%7c1%7c1%7c2%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1. Retrieved on December 9, 2022.
Trade Map ITC (2022). Existing and potential trade between Korea, Republic of and Indonesia. Product: 85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television ... .
https://www.trademap.org/Bilateral_TS.aspx?nvpm=1%7c410%7c%7c360%7c%7c85%7c%7c%7c6%7c1%7c1%7c2%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1. Retrieved on December 9, 2022.
Trade Map ITC (2022). Existing and potential trade between Korea, Republic of and Indonesia; Product: 27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral ... .
https://www.trademap.org/Bilateral_TS.aspx?nvpm=1%7c410%7c%7c360%7c%7c27%7c%7c%7c6%7c1%7c1%7c2%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1. Retrieved on December 9, 2022.
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