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研究生:林永沛
研究生(外文):Lin, Yung-Pei
論文名稱:成為理工生:探討第一代大學生選擇STEM科系的影響因素
論文名稱(外文):Navigating Pathways to STEM: Exploring Factors Influencing First-Generation Students’ Choice of College Major
指導教授:姜以琳姜以琳引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chiang, Yi-Lin
口試委員:關秉寅蘇國賢
口試委員(外文):Kuan, Ping-YinSu, Kuo-Hsien
口試日期:2023-10-4
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:社會學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:社會學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2023
畢業學年度:112
語文別:英文
論文頁數:70
中文關鍵詞:高等教育第一代大學生STEM教育科系選擇
外文關鍵詞:Higher educationfirst-generation studentsSTEM educationmajor choice
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在當代社會,高等教育不僅被視為追求知識的重要渠道,更是個人地位取得的重要工具。高等教育的科系選擇影響職業機會、社會聲望與經濟報酬的獲取過程,進而形塑個體社會經濟流動的基礎。本研究旨在探討STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics,科學、技術、工程、數學)學生的教育背景差異。STEM高等教育的重要性在於,其文憑與科學、工程相關的專業工作有直接連結,為學生在社會地位提升與獲取經濟報酬的過程中提供了關鍵優勢。儘管過往西方文獻已指出第一代大學生(First Generation College Students, FGS)在STEM學科中的劣勢地位,然而卻鮮有研究驗證台灣第一代大學生與STEM科系的關聯性。本研究採用台灣教育長期追蹤資料庫(TEPS)及後續調查(TEPS-B)資料,深入檢驗家庭背景、父母社經地位、個人教育特徵、和性別,對於台灣第一代大學生選擇STEM高等教育科系的影響。運用線性機率模型(Linear Probability Model, LPM)分析發現,在台灣,第一代大學生選擇STEM主修的可能性顯著低於非第一代大學生。值得注意的是,從事STEM領域工作的父親對第一代大學生選擇STEM主修具有顯著的正向影響。受到經濟因素驅使、具有卓越數學能力、以及面對父母高度期望的第一代大學生,有更高的可能性選擇STEM主修。最後,本研究進一步指出家庭背景與個人動機對第一代大學生主修STEM科系的影響存在性別差異,不同於男性第一代大學生,母親的職業與女性第一代大學生是否選擇STEM科系有強烈關聯,經濟動機則不會驅使女性第一代大學生選擇STEM科系就讀。透過研究台灣第一代大學生在高等教育科系的選擇傾向,本研究旨在深化對台灣高等教育體系中第一代大學生的理解,並提出未來可能研究方向以及政策介入的建議。
In contemporary society, higher education is regarded as a pathway to individual success, embodying the pursuit of knowledge and offering opportunities for so-cio-economic mobility. This research explores disparities within the curricular path-ways of higher education degree holders, with a particular focus on the field of Sci-ence, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM). STEM education is dis-tinguished by its direct connection to science and engineering careers, providing the promise of enhanced status and financial rewards. This study explores how family background, individual educational traits, and gender dynamics shape the academic pathways of First-generation college students (FGS) in STEM fields in Taiwan. Using data from the Taiwan Education Panel Survey (TEPS) and its extension (TEPS-B), the study employs Linear Probability Model (LPM) regression to examine factors influencing FGS' choice of college major. The findings indicate that, in Taiwan, FGS face a significantly lower likelihood of choosing STEM majors. Notably, fathers em-ployed in STEM fields exert a substantial positive influence on the selection of STEM majors for FGS. FGS who are primarily motivated by economic considera-tions, demonstrate superior mathematical abilities, and face higher parental expecta-tions exhibit a heightened probability of pursuing STEM disciplines. Moreover, gen-der-based differences underscore the distinctive impact of family background factors and individual characteristics in the decision-making process, particularly among female FGS. The study contributes to the understanding of the dynamics of FGS in the Taiwanese higher education system and suggests potential areas for future re-search and policy intervention.
1. INTRODUCTION 1

2. LITERATURE REVIEW 5
2A. Barriers Within Higher Education: The Role of First-generation status and STEM Majors 5
2B. Socioeconomic Dimensions: Parental SES Influence on First-generation College Students' Major Choices 8
2C. Pre-College Student's Characteristics: Shaping the Path to STEM Majors for First-Generation College Students 10
2D. Gender Intersectionality: Family Background Effects on Major Choices Among Female and Male First-Generation College Students 14

3. METHODS 17
3A. Data and Sample 17
3B. Variables and Measurement 19
3C. Analytic Method 23

4. FINDINGS 26
4A. Descriptive Statistics 26
4B. The Impact of FGS Status on the Choice of STEM Subjects 28
4C. Influence of Parents' Socioeconomic Status on FGS's Choice of STEM Majors 30
4D. Influence of Pre-College student characteristics on the Choice of STEM major 33
4E. Differential Impact of Factors on STEM Major Choice Among FGS by Gender 36

5. DISCUSSION 41

REFERENCES 48

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