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研究生:楊政霖
研究生(外文):Yang, Cheng-Lin
論文名稱:具有雙耦合補償機制和高錯位容忍度之感應電能傳輸系統
論文名稱(外文):An Inductive Power Transfer System with Dual Coupled Compensation Mechanism and High Misalignment Tolerance
指導教授:戴政祺
指導教授(外文):Tai, Cheng-Chi
口試委員:黃世杰白富升李宗勳洪得峻
口試委員(外文):Huang, Shyh-JierPai, Fu-ShengLee, Tsong-ShingHung, Te-Chun
口試日期:2024-01-09
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2024
畢業學年度:112
語文別:中文
論文頁數:104
中文關鍵詞:感應傳能技術高錯位容忍度諧振補償拓樸定電壓特性
外文關鍵詞:Inductive Power Transfer (IPT)misalignmentcompensation topologyconstant voltage output
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本文提出一具有雙耦合補償機制與高錯位容忍度之感應電能傳輸系統。研究動機在於當部分感應傳能系統應用於特殊場域時,常因機具運行之振動而產生垂直向之錯位,為了解決垂直向錯位所造成之感應傳能效率損失,大多採用二對一或多對一之無線傳能架構,以提升系統之錯位容忍度,惟傳統二對一與多對一之感應傳能架構將使系統電路增加過多補償元件,導致系統體積、元件成本及重量提升,間接增加系統實現之難度。有鑑於此,本文提出具備雙耦合補償機制之LCC-S諧振補償拓樸感應傳能系統,採用圓柱形線圈並將串聯諧振線圈整合至傳輸線圈陣列中以達到降低整體系統元件成本、提升空間利用率以及高錯位容忍度之目的,另藉由諧振補償拓樸之特性,實現系統於錯位及變載情況下皆具備穩定操作電壓,並輔以閉迴路控制方式,以提升所提之感應傳能系統穩定性。此研究經數學模式推導與有限元素法數值模擬分析,再與實作硬體電路比較,實驗結果驗證本文所提之雙耦合LCC-S諧振補償拓樸感應傳能系統確實具備定電壓輸出能力,並於錯位與變載情形下皆能穩定輸出系統設定之目標電壓值以佐證系統之高錯位容忍性。研究成果有助於相關產業進行設計規劃與參考。
This thesis presents a study on the characteristics of an inductive power transfer system with dual-coupled compensation mechanism and considerations for high misalignment tolerance. The motivation for this research arises from the fact that certain inductive power transfer systems, when applied in special environments, often experience vertical misalignment due to vibrations during equipment operation. To address the efficiency losses caused by vertical misalignment, many systems adopt a wireless power transfer architecture with two-to-one or multiple-to-one configurations to enhance misalignment tolerance. However, traditional two-to-one and multiple-to-one inductive power transfer architectures result in an excessive increase in compensatory components, leading to increased system volume, component costs, and weight, indirectly raising the difficulty of system implementation. In consideration of these challenges, this thesis proposes an LCC-S resonance compensation spectrum inductive power transfer system with a dual-coupled compensation mechanism. It utilizes cylindrical coils and integrates the series resonant coil into the transmission coil array to reduce overall system component costs, enhance spatial utilization, and achieve high misalignment tolerance. Additionally, by leveraging the characteristics of the resonance compensation spectrum, the system ensures stable operating voltage under misalignment and variable load conditions. The inclusion of closed-loop control further enhances the stability of the proposed inductive power transfer system. The research undergoes software simulation analysis and hardware circuit prototype verification. Experimental results confirm that the proposed dual-coupled LCC-S resonance compensation spectrum inductive power transfer system indeed possesses regulated voltage output capability and maintains stable system output at the target voltage under misalignment and variable load conditions. This verifies the high misalignment tolerance of the system, contributing to the design planning and reference for relevant industries.
摘 要 I
Extended Abstract II
目錄 XVI
圖目錄 XIX
表目錄 XXII
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景 1
1-2 文獻回顧 2
1-3 研究動機與目的 3
1-4 論文架構 4
第二章 感應傳能等效模型及補償拓樸分析 5
2-1 簡介 5
2-2 感應傳能線圈等效電路模型 7
2-3 諧振補償拓樸 9
2-3-1 雙耦合LCC-S諧振補償拓樸分析 9
2-3-2 雙耦合LCC-S諧振特性分析 13
2-3-3 雙耦合LCC-S諧振補償拓樸之錯位特性分析 16
2-4 換流器介紹及開關元件特性分析 26
2-4-1 類半橋換流器 26
2-4-2 全橋換流器 26
2-4-3 全橋換流器之運作時序分析 27
2-4-4 相移調變控制分析 31
2-4-5 開關元件之柔性切換特性分析 32
2-5 整流濾波電路分析 33
第三章 系統軟硬體設計與規劃 35
3-1 簡介 35
3-2 全橋換流器與閘極驅動電路之實現 36
3-2-1 微控制器簡介 36
3-2-2 閘極驅動電路與全橋換流器之實現 36
3-3 感應傳能系統參數設計 40
3-4 整流濾波電路與可變模擬負載電路設計 45
3-5 回授控制迴路之設計 46
3-5-1 PID控制器介紹 47
3-5-2 增益調節電路設計 48
第四章 系統電路模擬與實測結果 50
4-1 前言 50
4-2 電路模擬 50
4-2-1 相移控制模擬波形 52
4-2-2 柔性切換模擬波形圖 53
4-2-3 錯位模擬波形圖 54
4-2-4 變載模擬波形圖 56
4-3 傳能線圈繞製與系統實際電路實現 58
4-4 系統開迴路實際量測 60
4-4-1 相移控制實際量測 61
4-4-2 柔性切換實際量測 62
4-4-3 感應線圈特性實際量測 64
4-4-4 系統輸出能力與效率檢視 65
4-5 系統閉迴路實際量測 68
4-5-1 不同負載之閉迴路控制檢視 70
4-5-2 加入錯位情形之閉迴路控制檢視 71
4-6 結果與討論 73
第五章 結論與未來研究方向 75
5-1 結論 75
5-2 未來研究方向 76
參考文獻 77
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