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研究生:楊宜汶
研究生(外文):YANG, YI-WEN
論文名稱:你今天努力了嗎? 競爭心理氣候、員工工作忽視與任務績效之關係,以參與式領導為調節
論文名稱(外文):"Did You Work Hard Today? The Relationship Between Competitive Psychological Climate, Employee Job Neglect, and Task Performance: Participative Leadership as a Moderator"
指導教授:洪贊凱洪贊凱引用關係
指導教授(外文):HUNG, TSANG-KAI
口試委員:魏郁禎張譯尹
口試委員(外文):YU-CHEN WEICHANG, YI-YING
口試日期:2024-06-07
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立彰化師範大學
系所名稱:人力資源管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2024
畢業學年度:112
語文別:中文
論文頁數:79
中文關鍵詞:競爭心理氣候員工工作忽視任務績效參與式領導
外文關鍵詞:competitive psychological climateemployee job neglecttask performanceparticipative leadership
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個體間相互競爭、爭奪有限資源,是公司內不可避免的現象,競爭所帶來的壓力和員工面臨競爭壓力時表現出的忽視行為,企業必須予以重視。本研究主要探討競爭心理氣候、員工工作忽視與任務績效間的關係,並了解參與式領導在競爭心理氣候與員工工作忽視間的調節效果。

本研究採用立意抽樣問卷調查法,共計回收280份有效問卷,研究結果顯示: 員工工作忽視會中介競爭心理氣候與任務績效之間的關係。競爭心理氣候會正向影響員工工作忽視,並進一步負向影響任務績效。根據以上的研究分析與結果,本研究進一步針對研究發現與研究限制進行討論,並對未來研究方向提出管理意涵。
Competition among individuals for limited resources is an inevitable phenomenon within a company. Enterprises must pay attention to the stress brought by competition and the neglect behavior of employees when facing competitive stress. This study mainly explores the relationships among competitive psychological climate, employee job neglect, and task performance, and understands the moderating effect of participative leadership on the relationship between competitive psychological climate and employee job neglect.

This research adopts a questionnaire survey method of intentional sampling, a total of 280 valid questionnaires were collected. The result indicated that employee job neglect mediates the relationship between competitive psychological climate and task performance. Specifically, a competitive psychological climate positively affects employee job neglect, which in turn negatively impacts task performance. Based on the finding, this study discusses the implications and limitations of the research and provides recommendations for future research directions and management practices.
目錄
摘要 I
Abstract II
目錄 IV
表目錄 VI
圖目錄 VII
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 4
第三節 研究流程 4
第四節 名詞解釋 8
第二章 文獻探討 9
第一節 競爭心理氣候 9
第二節 員工工作忽視 11
第三節 任務績效 12
第四節 參與式領導 13
第五節 資源保存理論 14
第六節 員工工作忽視之中介效果 15
第七節 參與式領導之調節效果 19
第三章 研究方法 22
第一節 研究架構與假設 22
第二節 研究對象 23
第三節 研究工具 23
第四節 調查實施 27
第五節 資料分析 27
第四章 研究結果與分析 30
第一節 敘述性統計 30
第二節 相關分析 33
第三節 信度分析 36
第四節 驗證性因素分析 37
第五節 工作忽視之中介效果分析 42
第六節 參與式領導之調節效果分析 44
第七節 小結 47
第五章 結論與建議 48
第一節 研究發現 48
第二節 研究討論 49
第三節 研究貢獻 51
第四節 研究限制 52
參考文獻 54
附錄:問卷 75

表目錄
表 3-1 競爭心理氣候量表 24
表 3-2 員工工作忽視量表 25
表 3-3 任務績效量表 25
表 3-4 參與式領導量表 26
表 4-1 樣本基本資料分析 31
表 4-2 各變項之平均數、標準差與相關分析係數表 35
表 4-3 研究變項信度分析統整表 36
表 4-4 驗證性因素分析 38
表 4-5 競爭心理氣候驗證性因素分析 39
表 4-6 工作忽視驗證性因素分析 40
表 4-7 參與式領導驗證性因素分析 40
表 4-8 任務績效驗證性因素分析 41
表 4-10 工作忽視之中介效果迴歸分析 43
表 4-11 工作忽視之中介效果檢驗 43
表 4-12 參與式領導之調節效果迴歸分析 45
表 4-13參與式領導之調節式中介效果 46
表 4-14研究假設假驗結果彙整表 47

圖目錄
圖 1-1研究流程 7
圖 3-1研究架構圖 22
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