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研究生:張鎮淵
研究生(外文):Chang, Chen-Yuan
論文名稱(外文):Analyzing Media Effects on Threat Perception after the Fourth Taiwan Strait Crisis
指導教授:杜長青杜長青引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tu, Chang-Ching
口試委員:蘇紫雲謝沛學
口試日期:2024-05-01
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國防大學
系所名稱:國際安全研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:國際事務學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2024
畢業學年度:112
語文別:英文
論文頁數:138
外文關鍵詞:The Fourth Taiwan Strait Crisisthreat perceptionawarenesssecuritymedia effect
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This study, conducted in collaboration with the National Defense University's Strategic Community Research Team, examines how the Taiwanese public perceives threats from the CCP regime, focusing on the complex role of media in shaping these perceptions. Utilizing purposive sampling during a crisis game event, the research surveyed domestic and international graduate students with strong knowledge of cross-strait dynamics.
The study investigates the interplay between media usage, situation awareness, individual prioritization of national security versus economic development, and threat perception. Findings reveal a nuanced relationship where increased exposure to internet news correlates with heightened threat perception, but this effect is moderated by individual priorities. Notably, even in the absence of overt public anxiety, heightened alertness to cross-strait tensions may persist among the Taiwanese population.
This research underscores the importance of considering both cognitive (awareness) and affective (concern) dimensions of threat perception. Furthermore, it highlights the significant role of individual values in interpreting information and the potential for media to foster a securitized narrative around the CCP. The study emphasizes the need for further research with a broader sample to fully understand these complex dynamics and inform effective political communication strategies in Taiwan.

Table of Contents
List of Figures
List of Tables
Chapter 1: Introduction
1.1 Motivation
1.2 Objective
1.3 Problem Statement and Research Question
1.4 Scope and Restrictions
Chapter 2: Literature Review
2.1 Theories on Media Effect
2.1.1 Comparison of the Theories
2.1.2 Framing the Security
2.1.3 First-level Agenda Setting and New Media
2.1.4 Second-level Agenda Setting and Security Discourse
2.2 Media Usage and Phenomenon
2.2.1 Frequency of Media Information Exposure
2.2.2 Reliance of Specific Media Types
2.2.3 Legacy Media vs New Media: User Engagement Level
2.2.4 Political Communication and Media Effect
2.2.4 Desensitization and Polarization of the Public
2.3 Threat Perception among the Taiwanese Public
2.3.1 Security Discourses
2.3.2 Adversary Identification
2.3.3 Conflict Anticipation
2.3.4 Military Confidence
2.3.5 Defensive Resolve
2.3.6 Threat Perception in Taiwan: A Multifaceted View
2.4 Media as a Tool of Manipulation
2.4.1 Media Convergence as a Tool of Control
2.4.2 Public Diplomacy and Information Warfare
2.4.3 Impact on Threat Perception
2.5 Situation Awareness, Conflict Concern, and Prioritization of Security
2.5.1 Situation Awareness and Conflict Concern
2.5.2 Prioritization between National Security and Economic Development
2.5.3 Beyond the Calm
Chapter 3: Research Design
3.1 Research Roadmap
3.2 Statistical Tools
3.3 Hypotheses and Conceptual Framework
3.4 Sampling
3.5 Questionnaire Dimensions
3.6 Pretest
Chapter 4: Survey Analysis
4.1 Descriptive Statistics
4.1.1 Demographic Information
4.1.2 Security-Economy Priority and Media Preferences
4.2 Independent Mean Test
4.2.1 Threat Perception
4.2.2 Media Exposure
4.2.3 Media Reliance and Engagement
4.2.4 Statistical Inference
4.3 Analysis of Variance and Regression Analysis
4.3.1 Test of Homogeneity and Between-Subjects Effects
4.3.2 Analysis of Variance
4.3.3 Statistical Inference
4.4 Regression Analysis
4.4.1 Situation Awareness as Independent Variable
4.4.2 Conflict Concern as Independent Variable
4.4.3 Statistical Inference
4.5 Open-ended Questions and Hypothses Examinaiton
4.4.1 Open-ended Questions
4.4.2 Hypotheses Examination
Chapter 5: Conclusions
5.1 Research Findings
5.1.1 On Media Effects
5.1.2 On Threat Perception
5.1.3 On Security-Economy Priority
5.1.4 The Mindset of Threat Perception
5.1.5 Conclusions
5.2 Suggestions
5.2.1 Broadening the Public’s Concept of "Threat"
5.2.2 The Promotion of “All-Out Defense” Concept
5.2.3 Counter Sensationalized Media Climate
5.2.4 Enhancing Preparedness Through Information Warfare Exercises
Bibliography
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