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研究生:王文怡
研究生(外文):Wang, Wen-I
論文名稱:單核到多核之鐿金屬錯合物與雙核鑭系金屬串之合成與鑑定
論文名稱(外文):Design Mononuclear and Polynuclear Ytterbium Complexes and Binuclear Lanthanide Metal String Complexes
指導教授:黃郁文黃郁文引用關係
指導教授(外文):Huang, Yu-Wen
口試委員:彭之皓劉學儒
口試委員(外文):Peng, Chi-HowLiu, Hsueh-Ju
口試日期:2023-08-17
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:化學系
學門:自然科學學門
學類:化學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2023
畢業學年度:112
語文別:中文
論文頁數:91
中文關鍵詞:鑭系金屬鐿金屬錯核物異合金屬錯核物同合金屬錯核物
外文關鍵詞:Lanthanideshetero-bimetallic complexeshomonuclear lanthanide complexesytterbium complex
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透過鑭系雙(三甲基矽基)胺 (Tris[N, N-bis-(trimethylsilyl)amide] Lanthanide, Ln(HMDS)3, Ln= Pr3+, Eu3+, Gd3+, Yb3+) 與含有三個氧原子的二(2-羥基-3, 5-二叔丁基苯基)甲酮 (bis(2-Hydroxy-3,5-di-t-butylphenyl) methanone, H2DHBP-tBu)反應後得到雙核的鑭系錯合物形成Ln2(DHBP-tBu)3 (Ln= Pr3+, Eu3+, Gd3+, Yb3+)。在合成Yb(HMDS)3 時,通過純化方式的改變,進一步與配基反應時能夠得到單核的Yb(DHBP-tBu)3Na3(THF)3金屬錯合物。並且對這一系列的錯合物進行性質鑑定,包含質譜、紅外光譜、紫外-可見光吸收光譜、放光光譜,與晶體結構進行比較。在單核與雙核鐿錯合物的放光光譜中,在近紅外光波段可觀察到尖銳且明顯地Yb(III) f-f 軌域躍遷中2F5/2→2F7/2的特徵峰,其絕對量子產率分別為1.54%與1.69%。以Yb(DHBP-tBu)3Na3(THF)3為基底,進一步與同金屬和異金屬鹽類反應,分別能夠得到同核錯合物Yb2(DHBP-tBu)3與異核錯合物GdYb (DHBP-tBu)3。此外也使用將三氧配基延伸後含有五個氧的配基(5-(叔丁基)-2-羥基-1,3-苯基)雙((3, 5-二叔丁基-2-羥基苯基)甲酮) (5-(tert-butyl)-2-hydroxy-1,3-phenylene)bis((3,5-di-tert-butyl-2-hydroxyphenyl)methanone), H3THBP-tBu)與Yb(HMDS)3反應得到三核錯合物,並探討其結構。
Lanthanide complexes have attracted much attention recently and have shown great potential applications in coordination polymer and magnetic functional material owing to their various coordination number, magnetic and photophysical properties. Herein, binuclear lanthanide complexes [Ln2(DHBP-tBu)3] (H2DHBP-tBu = Bis[bis(2-Hydroxy-3,5-di-t-butylphenyl)methanone ; Ln = Pr3+, Eu3+, Gd3+, Yb3+) and one alkali metal lanthanide complex [Ln(DHBP-tBu)3M3(THF)3] (M = Na+; Ln = Yb3+) were obtained by using Ln(HMDS)3 and Na(HMDS) as starting materials.
These lanthanide complexes were fully characterized through single-crystal X-ray diffraction associated with the mass spectrum and elemental analysis. Their photophysical properties were investigated by using UV-Vis spectroscopy and photoluminescence spectroscopy, while their magnetic properties were studied by the superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID).
[Yb2(DHBP-tBu)3] and [Yb(DHBP-tBu)3Na3(THF)3] showed emission peaks at 984 and 979 nm, respectively, which were assigned to the characteristic 2F5/2 → 2F7/2 transition of Yb3+. Their absolute quantum yield were 1.54% and 1.69% in solid state.
The [Ln2(DHBP-tBu)3] complexes crystallize in the trigonal system with space group R"3" ̂c. The geometry around the each Ln3+ metal center shows a slightly distorted.


trigonal prism with short Ln···Ln distances 3.7291 Å for Pr3+, 3.6199(3) Å for Eu3+, 3.599(4) Å for Gd3+ and 3.4638(2) Å for Yb3+ binuclear lanthanide complexes.
摘要 i
Abstract ii
謝誌 ii
目錄 iii
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 x
式目錄 xi
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 金屬串的簡介 1
1-2 鑭系金屬錯合物介紹與價值 2
1-3 雙核鑭系金屬錯合物的合成與研究 9
1-4 配基選擇 12
第二章 實驗結果與討論 16
2-1 Ln2(DHBP-tBu)3 (Ln:Pr3+、Eu3+、Gd3+、Yb3+)同核錯合物的合成與探討 16
2-2 YbNa3(DHBP-tBu)3(THF)3單核和Yb2(DHBP-tBu)3雙核錯合物的合成探討 22
2-3 YbGd(DHBP-tBu)3異核錯合物的合成與探討 25
2-4 Yb3(THBP-tBu)3三核鐿錯合物的合成與探討 27
2-5 錯合物IR探討 28
2-6 錯合物UV-Vis 探討 30
2-7 錯合物UV-Vis 和NIR的放光光譜探討 32
2-8 錯合物磁性探討 39
第三章 結論 43
第四章 未來工作 45
第五章 實驗部分 46
5-1 實驗方法 46
5-2 實驗藥品 46
5-3 實驗儀器 47
5-3-1 X-射線單晶繞射儀 (X-ray Single Crystal Diffractometer) 47
5-3-2 高解析氣相層析質譜儀 (GC- MS) 47
5-3-3 基質輔助雷射脫附游離飛行時間質譜儀 (MALDI-TOF) 48
5-3-4 元素分析儀 (Elemental Analyzer, EA) 48
5-3-5 紫外光可見光光譜儀 (Ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy) 48
5-3-6 螢光光譜儀 (Fluorescence spectrophotometer) 48
5-3-7 螢光光譜儀 (Fluorescence spectrophotometer) Near IR range 49
5-3-8 全反射紅外光譜 (ATR-IR) 49
5-3-9 超導量子干涉元件磁量儀 (SQUID): 49
5-4 錯合物合成方法 50
5-4-1 錯合物Pr(HMDS)3 之合成 50
5-4-2 錯合物 Pr2(DHBP-tBu)3的合成 50
5-4-3 錯合物Eu(HMDS)3 之合成 51
5-4-4 錯合物Eu2(DHBP-tBu)3之合成 52
5-4-5 錯合物Gd(HMDS)3 之合成 53
5-4-6 錯合物 Gd2(DHBP-tBu)3及Gd2(DHBP-tBu)3(THF)2 的合成 53
5-4-7 錯合物Yb(HMDS)3 之合成 54
5-4-8 錯合物 Yb2(DHBP-tBu)3 的合成 55
5-4-9 錯合物YbNa3 (DHBP-tBu)3(THF)3的合成 56
5-5 錯合物質譜圖 58
5-6 紫外光-可見光譜 64
5-7 放光光譜 70
5-8 激發光譜 74
5-9 IR紅外線光譜 75
5-10 晶體結構資料 78
5-10-1 Pr2(DHBP-tBu)3 78
5-10-2 Eu2(DHBP-tBu)3 79
5-10-3 Gd2(DHBP-tBu)3 80
5-10-4 Gd2(DHBP-tBu)3˙2(THF) 81
5-10-5 Yb2(DHBP-tBu)3 82
5-10-6 Yb2(DHBP-tBu)Na3(THF)3 83
5-10-7 Yb4(HDHBP-tBu)4(DHBP-tBu)2(H2O)4 84
5-10-8 Yb3(THBP-tBu)3 85
第六章 參考資料 86
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