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研究生:高嘉霠
研究生(外文):Kao, Jia-Yin
論文名稱:魚腥藻CH1穀胺醯胺合成酵素純化研究
論文名稱(外文):Purification and Properties of Glutamine Syntetase from Cyanobacterium
指導教授:陳伯中陳伯中引用關係
指導教授(外文):Pei-Chung Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:植物學系
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1997
畢業學年度:85
語文別:中文
論文頁數:78
中文關鍵詞:魚腥藻穀胺醯胺合成酵素藍藻
外文關鍵詞:Anabaenaglutamine synthetasecyanobacterium
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穀胺醯胺合成酵素(Glutamine synthetase,GS)對絲狀固氮型藍藻魚腥藻
CH1的氮代謝是不可或缺的重要酵素。本實驗以四個純化步驟可將GS部份
純化,依序為硫酸銨沈澱、diethylaminoethyl(DEAE)-Sepharose CL-6B
陰離子交換色層分析法、Sephacryl S-200 分子篩色層分析法,和Matrex
Gel Red A 親和性色層分析法。經由此純化步驟所純化之GS較未純化之GS
比活性增加35倍,而回收率為19%。經由一系列的電泳分析與Ferguson
plots的計算,估計魚腥藻CH1的GS的分子量約為619 kDa。其由十二個相
同的次單元所組成,每個次單元的分子量經電泳分析的結果約為53.4 kDa
。GS的活性可用三種方法測定:g-glutamyltransfer、g-
glutamylsynthetic和biosynthetic assays。以此三種方法測定GS的最適
pH值依序為7.4、8.2和8.2;而最佳反應溫度依序為55、60和60℃。在g-
glutamyltransfer assay中,GS活性會受L-methionine-DL-sulfoximine
的抑制。以g-glutamylsynthetic與biosynthetic assays分別測得對ATP
與glutamate的apparent Michaelis常數(Km)為 0.43 / 4.52 mM 和
9.09 / 20 mM。而以g-glutamyltransfer assay分別為ADP、glutamine和
NH2OH所測得的apparent Km依序為0.03、20.83和5.26 mM;以g-
glutamylsynthetic assay為NH2OH所測得的apparent Km是0.11 mM。對
NH4Cl的Km以Biosynthetic assay測定發現有兩個數值,當反應基質中NH4
Cl低於和高於7.5 mM時,其Km分別為0.8和54.64 mM。

Glutamine synthetase (GS) plays a key role in nitrogen
assimilation in filamentous N2-fixing cyanobacterium Anabaena
CH1. The enzyme was purified by four-step procedure involving
ammonium-sulfate fractionation , diethylaminoethyl (DEAE)-
Sepharose CL-6B chromatography , Sephacryl S-200 chromatography
, and affinity chromatography on Matrex Gel Red A. This
purification scheme resulted in a 35-fold and 19%recovery of
the initial specific and total activities.The native GS had a
approximate molecular mass of 619 kDa as estimated by non-
denaturing PAGE, and interpolation of the Ferguson plots. It was
composed of tweleve identical subunits of molecular mass 53.4
kDa.The pH optimum values were 7.4, 8.2 and 8.2 for the g-
glutamyltransfer, g-glutamylsynthetic and biosynthetic assays.
The temperature optimum of activity were 55, 60 and 60℃for the
g-glutamyltransfer, g-glutamylsynthetic and biosynthetic
activities, respectively. g-glutamyltransfer activity was
inhibited by L-methionine-DL-sulfoximine.Apparent Michaelis
constants (Km) for ATP and glutamate were 0.43 and 9.09 mM in g-
glutamylsynthetic assay, and 4.52 and 20 mM in biosynthetic
assay. That for ADP, glutamine and NH2OH were 0.03, 20.83 and
5.26 mM in g-glutamyltransfer assay, 0.11 mM for NH2OH in g-
glutamylsynthetic assay. The GS of Anabaena CH1 exhibited two Km
values which were 0.8 and 54.64 mM in the presence of ammonium
concentrations lower and higher than 7.5 mM.

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