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研究生:顏嘉惠
研究生(外文):Yen, Chia-Hui
論文名稱:特殊主題資訊之Metadata比較研究
論文名稱(外文):Comparative Study on Metadata of Specific Subject Materials
指導教授:陳昭珍陳昭珍引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:輔仁大學
系所名稱:圖書資訊學系
學門:傳播學門
學類:圖書資訊檔案學類
論文出版年:1998
畢業學年度:86
語文別:中文
論文頁數:186
中文關鍵詞:元資料電子圖書館資訊組織博物館資訊交換聯盟檔案描述格式文獻編碼計劃
外文關鍵詞:MetadataDigital LibraryInformation OrganizationCIMIEADTEI
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:13
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  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:3
網路資源繁雜的類型與特性, 迥異於圖書館所處理的傳統資訊型態。
檢索引擎讓使用者以簡單的指令查詢網路資源, 回收率高而準確率低, 對
資訊缺乏描述, 主題目錄將相同主題的資源匯整, 但分類不合理, 亦未對
資訊做詳細描述。兩者對整體網路資源的查詢而言, 效益不高。正因檢索
工具不能滿足網路資源使用之需求, 圖書館界便展開各種計畫, 嘗試以多
種方式整理網路資源, 如: 修訂機讀編目格式, 以指定網路資源的存取方
式, 或用分類法、標題表等來整理主題目錄。各學科領域也發展適合此學
科主題的metadata來組織電子資源, Metadata是以一組資料屬性描述資訊
物件的內容與位址, 能有效描述並檢索網路資源。
本研究以文獻分析法與比較研究法, 探討目前電子資訊組織之現況。
並針對CIMI、EAD、TEI三種metadata, 分析博物館資訊、檔案資訊、人文
資訊之特性, 探討該領域設計metadata時的考慮因素, 以說明CIMI、EAD、
TEI的設計背景、描述項目、編碼方式、通訊協定、使用現況與未來發展。
再進一步比較CIMI、EAD、TEI的控制機構、計畫起源、使用對象、描述主
題與描述資料類型、系統架構、資訊描述項目、語法規則、彈性與擴充性
、完整性、相容性、定義資料單元內容之規則、建立的便利性、主題分析
、權威控制、通訊協定、應用現況、未來發展方向。
研究結果顯示: 分析電子資訊組織之現況後發現, 檢索工具不足以組
織整理網路資源, 必須發展配合學科主題、資源價值、使用環境的metadata。
而CIMI、EAD、TEI均是對資料描述詳盡度最高的metadata, 以SGML編碼,
用結構化的方式描述博物館資訊、檔案資訊、與人文資訊, 所以有共通性
的設計原則, 但因所描述的學科不同, 所以有應用上的差異。根據研究結
果, 對圖書館的電子資源組織模式之建議包括: metadata的描述層次視資
源的品質處理, 以Z39.50為通訊協定, 以SGML為編碼標準, 並促進metadata
間的互通性。
Electronic resources in the networked environment present
different characteristics from library''s traditional collection.
Search engines and subject catalog operate on limited description,
and are less effective for discovery. Libraries have taken some
approaches to organize electronic resource on Internet, such as
modifying MARC formats, using classifica-tion schemes, and
subject heading systems. Another modern approach is using
metadata to describe and to organize networked resource.
Metadata contains a set of data elements to describe the content
and location of an information object and to facilitate its
discovery and retrieval in the networked environment.
In this research, we use literature review to analyze the
status of organizing electronic resources, and we also use
comparative method to describe CIMI, EAD and TEI, and to compare
their control agency, scheme history, user community, subject
field, system architecture, element, markup language, flexibility
and extensibility, fullness, compatibility, rules for formulation
of content, ease of creation, subject analysis, authorize control,
protocol, implement, and future development.
Our analysis shows that search engines currently used are
insufficient to organize electronic resources on Internet.
Information communities should develop metadata to meet diverse
requirements of the different subjects, values of resources, and
the different environment of uses. We make the following two
suggestions: (i) the description level of metadata should
depend on values of resources, (ii) the metadata should use
Z39.50 as protocol and use SGML as encoding standard to improve
interoperability.
目 次
第一章 緒論
第一節 問題陳述
第二節 研究目的
第三節 研究方法與步驟
第四節 研究限制
第五節 名詞解釋
第二章 文獻分析
第一節 Metadata之意義與功能
第二節 Metadata之種類
第三節 Metadata之比較
第三章 電子資訊組織之現況
第一節 網路資源組織與檢索工具
第二節 圖書館界處理網路資源之模式
第三節 網路資源組織與Metadata
第四章 CIMI、EAD、TEI與特殊主題資訊之處理
第一節 CIMI與博物館資訊之處理
第二節 EAD與檔案資訊之處理
第三節 TEI與人文資訊之處理
第五章 CIMI、EAD、TEI之比較研究
第一節 CIMI、EAD與TEI之比較
第二節 綜合討論
第六章 結論與建議
第一節 結論
第二節 建議
參考書目
附錄一 EAD DTD實例
附錄二 EAD之應用計畫
附錄三 TEI header實例
附錄四 TEI之應用計畫-依主題排列
附錄五 TEI之應用計畫-依語言排列
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