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研究生:陳惠如
研究生(外文):Chen, Hui-ju
論文名稱:哈洛.品特戲劇中一些獨特風格之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Critical Study of Some of Harold Pinter's Notable Features in His Selected Plays
指導教授:廖本瑞廖本瑞引用關係
指導教授(外文):Pen-shui Liao
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄師範大學
系所名稱:英語教育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:普通科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1998
畢業學年度:86
語文別:中文
論文頁數:1
中文關鍵詞:品特式遊戲靜默停頓多樣化開放式結局
外文關鍵詞:Pinteresquegamessilencepausemultiplicityopen ending
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哈洛.品特的作品自出版及搬上舞台以來,其劇中所呈現的神秘情節已引起
學術界的廣汎興趣.大部份的評論者試著藉由不同的角度或理論決定劇本
的主旨及解讀令人費解的事件,而較少去注意品特作品中所表現的個人特
色.然而這些特色對於瞭解這一位後現代作家的寫作風格確是極為重要的.
品特的作品中所流露的特色當然很多,但本論文僅致力於探討其四個較為
顯著的特色以便闡明作者獨特的寫作風格.品特個人的言論將被引用以助
於討論這些特色.本論文所涵蓋的作品有(生日舞會).(食物升降機).(管理
員).(集錦).(歸鄉).(風景畫).(往日時光).(無人地帶)等.本論文共分為
六章,第一章簡述品特的寫作歷程.批評家對於其作品的研究概況以及說明
本論文欲探討的四個顯著特色.第二章分析的特色是"沒有絕對的事實".藉
由推敲劇中人物言行舉止所呈現之矛盾及曖昧不明,闡述因求證的困難而
造成無法得知真正的事實.第三章探討品特如何利用"停頓"及"靜默"來創
造另類語言.本章首先定義停頓及靜默,然後分析此二者如何反映劇中人物
內心的忐忒不安及權力結構.第四章討論品特作品名稱所蘊含的多重意義.
從不同角度來剖析作品名稱以明瞭其中隱藏的文字遊戲.第五章主要著眼
於品特劇作的結局-- 一種開放式的結局.由於許多疑點並未獲得解決,並
且故事最終的目的並不明確,因此結局事實上是結而未終了.落幕之後,觀
眾仍繼續深思其中含意.第六章總結前述之四大特色,肯定他們對於瞭解品
特寫作風格及精神的貢獻.

Since their Publication and staging, the plays of Harold Pinter,
particularly the earlier ones, have inspired a variety of
speculations over the multiple mysteries presented. While most
critics tried through differentperspectives or theories to get
at the themes and answers for the mystericalevents in these
plays, few have paid attention to the features inherent in
theplaywright's works. These features, however, are supremely
important if we are to understand Pinter's unique writing style
in Postmodern stage. There aremany distinguished features in
Pinter's plays. However, this thesis aims to center upon four
notable characteristics of Pinter in order to shed light on the
dramatist's uniqueness in writing. Pinter's statements taken
from publicspeeches or interviews will be cited to support the
discussion. The plays to be included in the analysis are The
Birthday Party, The Dumb Waiter,The Caretaker, The Collection,
The Homecoming, Landscape, Old Times, No Man'sLand. They are
singled out because they best illustrate these Pinteresque
features. This thesisis divided into six chapters. Chapter One
introduces Pinter's writing background,career and some major
critical studies of his works. The Four featuresto be discussed
in the following chapters will be brought up here.Chapter
Twocomes up with the analysis of the feature, "The Absence of
the Definite Truth."The verification problem in Pinter is
elaborated through the ambiguity or contradiction on what
characters say or do to see how the definitetruth is
unavailable. Chapter Three covers up the use of pause and
silence as language in Pinter's plays. Definitions of pause and
silence are stated first, and then the selected plays will be
analyzed to make known how the two dramaticterms reflec the
inner uneasiness of the characters and the power structure.
Chapter Four discusses the titles of Pinter's plays in terms of
their multiple meanings. Titles are dissected from different
angles so as to exhibit how Pinter play on words with these
titles. Chapter Five focuses on the endings of Pinter's plays--
open endings. With various puzzles insoluble and the failureto
identify the meaning of a play, Pinter's plays end without
closure. Speculations still remain after the curtain falls.
Chapter Six concludes the the four striking features by
justifying how they combine to help the audience/reader
understand Pinter's writing style as well as his writing
principles.

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