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研究生:林秀美
論文名稱:挫折周而復始:《旭日又升》中真愛難尋與縱飲之結構分析
論文名稱(外文):FRUSTRATION COMES FULL CIRCLE:THE STRUCTURE OF UNATTAINABLE LOVE AND EXCESSIVE DRINKING IN THE SUN ALSO RISES
指導教授:康士林康士林引用關係
指導教授(外文):NICHOLAS KOSS
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:輔仁大學
系所名稱:英國語文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1999
畢業學年度:87
語文別:英文
論文頁數:101
中文關鍵詞:海明威旭日又升結構縱飲
外文關鍵詞:Ernest HemingwayThe Sun Also RisesStructureExcessive Drinking
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本論文由結構分析的觀點連結愛,酒與敘述結局的關聯性。此研究方法旨在理解《旭日又升》中每一卷與每一章的結構皆建立於受挫的愛情事件與縱飲之基礎上。筆者的目的在於探討表面上反覆無常結構的小說中獨特古怪的安排。
本論文共分三章。首章分析幻滅愛情如何構成書中最主要的困境—傑克的性無能如何面對布蕾特的性雜交。第二章討論縱飲不僅加強角色不可自拔的處境,且也是書中重要的基本結構之一。將愛情與縱飲納入考慮,第三章檢視每一卷與每一章的開頭和結尾,並說明本書的開放式結局早有脈絡可尋。筆者希望能提供某一角度來分析《旭日又升》的結構,並由此再斟酌書中角色最終無解的相互關係。

This thesis on The Sun Also Rises studies the involvement of love, alcohol, and narrative ending using the methodology of structural analysis. Such an approach attempts to figure out how the structure of each Book and chapter of this novel is built around the concepts of frustrated love and excessive drinking. The major concern is to reveal the narrative patterns beneath the seeming capriciously constructed novel.
The discussion is divided into three chapters. Chapter One analyzes how the disillusion of romantic love constructs the major predicament of the novel: Jake's impotence vs. Brett's promiscuity. Chapter Two deals with how the prevalence of drinking is used to reinforce that predicament and with how drinking also serves as one important structural element of the novel. Taking romantic love and excessive drinking into account, Chapter Three examines the beginning and conclusion of each Book and chapter of the text to show how the open-ended closure is anticipated. The thesis writer hopes by this study of the structure of The Sun Also Rises to provide a way to reconsider the apparent state of irresolution of the characters at the end.

Table of Contents
Abstract
Introduction
1
Chapter One
Unrecoverable Trauma from the War: The Vulnerability of Love
8
Chapter Two
Alcoholism and Decadent Life Style in Paris
40
Chapter Three
The Open Ending: Circularity of Conflict
71
Conclusion
94
Works Cited
97
Works Consulted
101

Works Cited
Primary Sources:
Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Great Gatsby. New York: Scribner's, 1925.
Hemingway, Ernest. The Sun Also Rises. New York: Scribner's, 1926.
---. A Farewell to Arms. New York: Scribner's, 1929.
---. A Moveable Feast. New York: Scribner's, 1964.
---. Ernest Hemingway: Selected Letters 1917-1961. Ed. Carlos Baker. New York: Scribner's, 1981.
---. "The Gambler, the Nun, and the Radio." The Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway. New York: Scribner's, 1995. 468-87.
Secondary Sources:
Asselineau, Roger. "Hemingway in Paris." Fitzgerald/ Hemingway Annual 1973. Ed. Matthew Bruccoli and C. E. Clark. Washington D. C.: Microcard Editions. 11-32.
Baker, Carlos. Hemingway: The Writer as Artist. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1963.
Bloom, Harold, ed. Modern Critical Views: Ernest Hemingway. New York: Chelsea, 1985.
Cohen, Milton A. "Circe and Her Swine: Domination and Debasement in The Sun Also Rises." Arizona Quarterly 41.4 (1985): 293-305.
Cochran, Robert W. "Circularity in The Sun Also Rises." Modern Fiction Studies 14.3 (1968): 297-306.
Coffey, Thomas M. "Prohibition." The Encyclopedia Americana. 1990 ed.
Crowley, John W. "Bulls, Balls, and Boozes: The Sun Also Rises." The White Logic: Alcoholism and Gender in American Modernist Fiction. Amherst: U of Massachusetts P, 1994. 43-64.
Davidson, Arnold E. and Cathy N. Davidson. "Decoding the Hemingway Hero in The Sun Also Rises." Wagner-Martin, New Essays 83-107.
Dardis, Tom. "Hemingway: I'm No Rummy." The Thirsty Muse: Alcohol and the American Writer. New York: Ticknor, 1989. 155-209.
Djos, Matta. "Alcoholism in Ernest Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises: A Wine and Roses Perspective on the Lost Generation." Hemingway Review 14.2 (1995): 64-78.
Donaldson, Scott, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Hemingway. New York: Cambridge UP, 1996.
Fleming, Robert E. "The Importance of Count Mippipopolous: Creating the Code Hero." Arizona Quarterly 44.2 (1988): 69-75.
Gelderman, Carol. "Hemingway's Drinking Fixation." Lost Generation Journal 6 (1979): 12-14.
Gross, Barry. "Dealing with Robert Cohn." Hemingway in Italy and Other Essays. Ed. Robert W. Lewis. New York: Praeger, 1990. 123-30.
James, Henry. "Preface to 'Roderick Hudson'." The Art of the Novel: Critical Prefaces. Ed. Richard P. Blackmur. New York: Scribner's, 1934.
Kermode, Frank. "Sensing Endings." Nineteenth-Century Fiction 33.1 (1978): 144-58.
Kerr, K. Austin. "Prohibition." Academic American Encyclopedia. 1981 ed.
Lewis, Robert W., Jr. Hemingway on Love. New York: Haskell, 1972.
Lockridge, Ernest. "'Primitive Emotion': A Tragedy of Revenge Called The Sun Also Rises." Journal of Narrative Technique 20.1 (1990): 42-55.
Lunn, Eugene. "Modernism in Comparative Perspective." Marxism and Modernism: A Historical Study of Lukacs, Brecht, Benjamin, and Adorno. Berkeley: U of California P, 1984. 33-71.
Martin, Robert A. "Hemingway's Sun as Title and Metaphor." Hemingway Review 6.1 (1986): 100.
Martin, Wendy. "Brett Ashley as New Woman in The Sun Also Rises." Wagner-Martin, New Essays 65-82.
Meyer, Roger E. "Alcoholism." The Encyclopedia Americana. 1990 ed.
Moreland, Kim. "Hemingway's Medievalist Impulse: Its Effect on the Presentation of Women and War in The Sun Also Rises." Hemingway Review 6.1 (1986): 30-41.
Norton, Charles A. "The Alcoholic Content of A Farewell to Arms." Fitzgerald/ Hemingway Annual 1973. Ed. Matthew Bruccoli and C. E. Clark. Washington D. C.: Microcard Editions. 309-14.
Oldsey, Bernard. "The Sense of an Ending." Modern Fiction Studies 23 (1977-78): 491-510. Rpt. in Critical Essays on Ernest Hemingway's A Farewell to Arms. Ed. George Monteiro. New York: Hall, 1994. 47-64.
---. "Hemingway's Beginnings and Endings." College Literature 7 (1980): 213-38. Rpt. in Ernest Hemingway: Six Decades of Criticism. Ed. Linda W. Wagner. Michigan: Michigan State UP, 1987. 113-38.
O*Sullivan, Sibbie. "Love and Friendship/ Man and Woman in The Sun Also Rises." Arizona Quarterly 44.2 (1988): 76-97.
Pittman, David J. "Alcohol Consumption." Academic American Encyclopedia. 1981 ed.
Reynolds, Michael S. The Sun Also Rises: A Novel of the Twenties. Boston: Twayne, 1988.
Rudat, Wolfgang E. H. "Sexual Dilemmas in The Sun Also Rises: Hemingway's Count and the Education of Jacob Barnes." Hemingway Review 8.2 (1989): 2-13.
Smith, Paul. "Hemingway's Sense of an Ending: In Our Time and After." Hemingway Review 12.1 (1992): 12-18.
Spilka, Mark. "The Death of Love in The Sun Also Rises." Twelve Original Essays on Great American Novels. Ed. Charles Shapiro. Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1958. 238-56. Rpt. in Bloom, Ernest Hemingway 107-18.
Vopat, Carole Gottlieb. "The End of The Sun Also Rises: A New Beginning." Fitzgerald/ Hemingway Annual 1972. 245-55. Rpt. in Major Literary Characters: Brett Ashley. Ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea, 1991. 96-104.
Wagner-Martin, Linda, ed. New Essays on The Sun Also Rises. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1987.
Wilson, Edmund. "Hemingway: Gauge of Morale." The Wound and the Bow. New York: Farrar, 1939. Rpt. in Bloom, Ernest Hemingway 17-33.
Young, Philip. Ernest Hemingway: A Reconsideration. Univ. Park: Penn. State UP, 1966.
Young, Philip and Charles W. Mann. "Fitzgerald's Sun Also Rises: Notes and Comment." Fitzgerald/ Hemingway Annual 1970. Ed. Matthew Bruccoli and C. E. Clark. Washington D. C.: Microcard Editions. 1-9.
Works Consulted
Beegel, Susan F. "The Critical Reputation of Ernest Hemingway." Donaldson, 269-310.
Bruccoli, Matthew J, ed. Conversations with Ernest Hemingway. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 1986.
Diliberto, Gioia. Hadley. New York: Ticknor, 1992.
Forseth, Roger. "Alcohol and the Writer: Some Biographical and Critical Issues (Hemingway)." Contemporary Drug Problems 13 (1986): 361-86.
Lewis, Robert W. "Hemingway's Lives: A Review." Hemingway Review 7.1 (1987): 45-62.
Lynn, Kenneth Schuyler. Hemingway. New York: Simon, 1987.
Martin, Wallace. Recent Theories of Narrative. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1986.
Meyers, Jeffery, ed. Hemingway: The Critical Heritage. London: Routledge, 1982.
Miller, J. Hillis. "The Problematic of Ending in Narrative." Nineteenth-Century Fiction 33.1 (1978): 3-7.
Smith, Paul. "Hemingway's Luck." Hemingway Review 7.1 (1987): 38-42.

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