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研究生:詹忠賢
研究生(外文):Chung Hhsien Chan
論文名稱:動態資訊對大眾運輸乘客影響之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Influences of Dynamic Traveler Informatin upon The Public Transit Passengers
指導教授:張學孔張學孔引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shyue Koong Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:土木工程學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
論文頁數:110
中文關鍵詞:時間價值先進旅行者資訊系統敘述性偏好假設市場評估法
外文關鍵詞:Value of Time(VOT)Advanced Traveler Informatino System(ATIS)Stated Preference MethodContingent Valuation Method
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本研究從使用者觀點、營運者觀點及社會的觀點探討動態資訊系統對於大眾運輸乘客之影響。研究中分別討論動態資訊對於乘客的等車感受、動態資訊願付價格及等車時間節省價值之影響,以期作為先進大眾運輸系統效益評估之基礎。研究結果顯示:動態資訊系統對於離峰時段大眾運輸乘客之乘車感受有顯著的影響,可以降低其等車感受之不適性。受訪者對於動態資訊願付價格明顯偏低,顯示大眾運具使用者對於多付出成本以獲得資訊之意願不高。乘客時間節省價值會受其感受到的動態資訊效益而有顯著性差異,而時間節省價值降低程度則依尖、離峰乘客不同,由2%到16.2%不等。本研究成果可以應用於先進旅行者資訊系統以及相關智慧型運輸總統成本效益分析。
This research aims to analyze the influences of Advanced Traveler Information System (ATIS) on transit passengers based on different viewpoints of users, operators and society. There are three major subjects of the research:(1) the influences of dynamic information on passengers’ waiting feeling;(2) the influences of dynamic information on passengers’ willingness to pay for the information;(3) the influences of dynamic information on passengers’ value of time saved.
The results show that during the off-peak period, the dynamic information significantly affects the passengers’ waiting feeling and it could make them feel better if they consider the dynamic information provided with help. The average willingness to pay for dynamic information is comparatively small. This result indicates that the passengers do not want to pay too much for the information. The value of time saved is various between the passengers who feel that the dynamic is helpful and those who feel helpless. Comparing with the passengers who do not know the dynamic information system, the value of time saved is 2%~16.2% decreased. This is the first time we try to evaluate the influences of ATIS on public transit passengers. It is believed that results of this study can be applied for benefit cost analysis of advanced traveler information system.
第一章 緒論..................................................1
1.1.研究緣起.........................................1
1.2.研究目的.........................................4
1.3.研究範圍與假設...................................8
1.4.研究方法與流程...................................9
第二章 文獻回顧..............................................10
2.1.先進旅行者資訊系統..............................10
2.1.1.先進旅行者資訊系統效益評估及願付價格..........10
2.1.2.先進旅行者資訊系統對使用者影響................14
2.2.假設評估法......................................17
2.3.敘述性偏好法....................................19
2.3.1.敘述性偏好法發展歷史..........................19
2.3.2.敘述性偏好法與顯示性偏好法之比較及結合........20
2.3.3.敘述性偏好法之應用............................21
2.4.台北市公車動態資訊顯示系統示範路線..............23
2.4.1.系統技術......................................24
2.4.2.系統架構......................................24
2.4.3.系統運作流程..................................26
2.4.4.公車動態資訊系統提供之資訊....................26
第三章 時間價值理論.........................................28
3.1.時間價值重要基本理論............................29
3.1.1.傳統時間價值理論..............................29
3.1.2. Johnson-Oort理論.............................30
3.1.3. Becker理論...................................31
3.1.4. De Serpa理論.................................34
3.1.5. De Donnea理論................................35
3.2.時間價值之衡量方法..............................37
3.2.1.假設法........................................37
3.2.2.營運成本法....................................37
3.2.3.特徵價格法(Hedonic Price Method).............37
3.2.4.個體行為法....................................39
3.3.國內外時間價值實證研究..........................41
3.4.Hanemann理論....................................43
第四章 問卷調查及乘客等車感受分析...........................46
4.1.問卷設計........................................46
4.2.資料蒐集........................................48
4.3.問卷統計結果....................................48
4.3.1.受訪者基本資料分析............................49
4.3.2.受訪者資料交叉分析............................57
4.4.受訪者等車感受分析..............................60
4.4.1.受訪者等車感受交叉分析........................60
4.4.2.受訪者等車感受群落分析........................70
4.4.3.受訪者等車感受迴歸分析........................74
4.5.小結............................................77
第五章 動態資訊願付價格及時間價值分析.......................79
5.1.受訪者對動態資訊願付價格統計....................79
5.2.動態資訊願付價格群落分析........................80
5.3.受訪者時間價值..................................84
5.3.1.模式變數說明..................................85
5.3.2. Logit估計結果................................87
5.3.3.願意支付價值及時間節省之價值..................89
5.4.時間價值群落分析................................90
5.4.1.社經特性對時間價值群落分析....................90
5.4.2.旅次特性對時間價值群落分析....................92
5.4.3.等車行為對時間價值群落分析....................93
5.4.4.動態資訊對時間價值之影響......................94
5.5.小結............................................97
第六章 結論與建議..........................................100
6.1.結論...........................................100
6.2.建議...........................................101
參考文獻....................................................103
附件........................................................109
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