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研究生:鄭惠玲
研究生(外文):Hui-ling Cheng
論文名稱:社會資本與自評健康
論文名稱(外文):Social Capital and Self-Rated Health
指導教授:江東亮江東亮引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tung-liang Chiang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:衛生政策與管理研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:公共衛生學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2001
畢業學年度:89
語文別:中文
論文頁數:90
中文關鍵詞:社會資本自評健康
外文關鍵詞:social capitalself-rated health
相關次數:
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研究目標─探討臺灣社會資本與成人自評健康的關係。
資料來源─中央研究院於1996 年舉辦的「東亞社會國際比較調查研究」,為全國性代表樣本,樣本數為 2831 人。
研究設計─橫斷性次級資料分析,分析單位為個人。
測量指標─依變項為自評健康,包括自評身體健康與自評生活快樂,自變項為社會資本。社會資本由下列五個指標測量:心理面的社會資本測量人際信任程度、信任鄰居程度與人際互惠評價;行動面的社會資本測量社團參與數目與社區活動參與。
結果─人口學特性、個人社經地位與自評身體健康及自評生活快樂有顯著相關。然而在控制性別、年齡和個人社經地位(以教育程度和收入等級測量)後,結果仍然顯示社會資本越高,個人的自評健康越好。其中,人際互惠評價高者較人際互惠評價低者容易自評身體健康,勝算比為1.43(P<0.05);參與社區活動者較未參與社區活動者容易自評身體健康,勝算比為1.50(P<0.01)。人際互惠評價中立者較人際互惠評價低者容易自評生活快樂,勝算比為1.51(P<0.01);參加1-3種社團活動者較未參加社團活動者容易自評生活快樂,勝算比為1.36(P<0.05)。
結論─社會資本影響台灣成人的自評健康。
Objectives─To investigate the relationship of social capital and self-rated health among adults in Taiwan.
Data─“East Asian Social Survey” conducted in 1996 by Academia Sinica, a nationwide representative sample of 2,831 adults in Taiwan.
Design─Cross-sectional individual-level analysis.
Measures─Dependant variable was self-rated health, including self-rated physical health and happiness with life, independent variable was social capital. Social capital was measured by responses to five items: level of interpersonal trust, the degree of trust in neighbors, levels of perceived reciprocity in the social-psychological dimension; the number of clubs and associations that one participated and community activity’s participation in the action dimension.
Results─Demographic and individual SES variables were significantly associated with self-rated physical health and happiness with life. Even after adjustment for sex, age and SES (measured by education and income class), high social capital was significantly associated with self-rated good health. The odds ratio for self-rated good physical health associated with high reciprocity was 1.43 (P<0.05) compared with low reciprocity, the odds ratio for self-rated good physical health associated with participation in community was 1.50 (P<0.01) compared with none. The odds ratio for happiness with life associated with medium reciprocity was 1.51 (P<0.01) compared with low reciprocity, the odds ratio for happiness with life associated with medium group membership was 1.36 (P<0.05) compared with none group membership.
Conclusions─Self-rated health was affected by social capital among adults in Taiwan.
第一章 前言............................................1
第一節 研究目的........................................2
第二節 論文結構........................................3
第二章 文獻探討........................................4
第三節 社會資本的概念..................................4
第二節 社會資本的測量..................................8
第三節 社會資本與健康關係的實證研究...................11
第四節 相關研究中的問題...............................16
第三章 研究方法.......................................20
第一節 研究架構與假說.................................20
第二節 研究變項定義與測量.............................23
第三節 研究材料.......................................27
第四節 資料分析方法...................................33
第四章 結果...........................................34
第一節 描述性分析.....................................34
第二節 控制變項與社會資本的雙變項分析.................35
第三節 控制變項與自評健康的雙變項分析.................39
第四節 社會資本與自評健康的雙變項分析.................42
第五節 社會資本與自評健康的對數複迴歸分析.............45
第五章 討論...........................................50
第一節 研究限制.......................................50
第二節 結果討論.......................................51
第三節 建議...........................................52
參考文獻..............................................55
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