跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.212.99.208) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/04/23 15:30
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:洪明德
論文名稱:絲瓜果實生長發育及貯藏溫度之研究
論文名稱(外文):Physiology of Growth and Development and Cold Storage of Smooth Loofah (Luffa aegyptiaca Mill.) Fruit
指導教授:謝慶昌謝慶昌引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:園藝學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:園藝學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:中文
論文頁數:90
中文關鍵詞:絲瓜葉綠素光化學活性寒害
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:14
  • 點閱點閱:747
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:97
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
  本試驗之目的首先在調查絲瓜果實之生長發育及生理,以訂定適當之採收成熟度,其次尋求最適合貯存絲瓜的溫度條件,最後以絲瓜為材料,探討絲瓜在寒害過程中各種理化及組成分之變化,建立供偵測寒害的指標。‘香水’絲瓜果實發育期間由果實的鮮重、長和寬之變化均呈現單S型的生長曲線;而果實於花後11至15天其全可溶性糖逹到最高,此時期為最佳採收期。絲瓜為低溫敏感作物,在低溫貯藏時會造成寒害,而使其喪失商業價值,本試驗結果顯示絲瓜果實在6℃及以下溫度貯放即有可能發生寒害。果實的失重率及葉綠素光化學活性會因不同貯藏溫度而有差異,通常會隨著溫度的下降,其值分別會跟著增加和減低。絲瓜果實若貯存在低溫再移溫時,其呼吸率和乙烯釋放率皆有上升現象,且與寒害之嚴重程度成正相關;並隨著時間延長而有加劇之情形,在1℃至6℃貯藏二週後,呼吸率和乙烯釋放率上升後均無法再下降。故可利用失重率、呼吸率、乙烯釋放率和葉綠素光化學反應來判別寒害,但其中以葉綠素光化學反應,在測定上最為簡便和快速,故為較佳的指標。
另外,利用PE袋包裝可以降低寒害發生,其中以打孔PE袋包裝及袋內加乙烯和二氧化碳吸收劑者較佳,且3℃較1℃者效果明顯。以不同氧濃度處理絲瓜果實時,若氧低於5%以下反而會加劇其寒害。絲瓜果實採後將其貯藏於9℃加濕通風條件下,其寒害症狀、腐敗率等,均在貯存後第4週時才發生;且其碳水化物在貯藏期間並無明顯變化,故‘平順’絲瓜在9℃下之貯藏壽命可長逹3週。
Summary
In the experiment a survey was conducted for the study of the growth, development and physiology aspect of smooth loofah fruit. From the data it is possible to determine the optimum stage for harvest. Endears were also made to find out the best storage temperatures for this smooth loofah fruit. Last but not least, attempts were made to use smooth loofah as study materials for the understanding of the effects of low temperatures on the physical, chemical and compositional changes of the spices. Hopefully an index for detecting the adverse effect of the cold could be found. During the developmental stage, the growth curves of the ‘Perfume’ smooth loofah fruits were odd enough to be single sigmoid in terms of fresh weight, length and width. According to the highest soluble sugar in fruits, the optimal harvest stage of smooth loofah is on 11-15th days after anthesis.
Smooth loofah fruits is sensitive to low temperatures. It suffers when kept at low temperatures and will soon lose its economic value. As data indicated that smooth loofah stored at a temperature lower than 6℃ would show sign of chilling injury. Generally speaking, the rate of losing fruit weight as well as chlorophyll photochemical activity varied with temperatures. As a rule, these conditions worsened as the temperature plummeted. When chilled smooth loofah fruit was moved to a higher temperature, its respiration rate and ethylene production rate would increase in proportion to the severity of the damage brought about by the cold. And it became more devastating as the duration of cold spell lengthened. After two weeks at temperatures ranging from 1℃ to 6℃, the elevated respiration rate and the heightened ethylene content became irreversible. These changes, that is, the respiration rate, the ethylene production and the chlorophyll photochemical activity, all can serve as index of the chilling injury. Of the three, the chlorophyll photochemical activity is considered to be the best because the analysis of it is quick and easy.
In addition, smooth loofah fruits wrapped in polyethylene bags could alleviate the harmful nature of the chilled. Perforated polyethylene bags or sealed polyethylene bags containing or filled with ethylene absorbents and carbon dioxide absorbents were better than the plain ones. They demonstrated their clear-cut superiority at 3℃ and only to a leaser extent at 1℃. As for the protective ability of oxygen concentrations, oxygen level below 5% exacerbated the wrath of the chilled. The damaging effects became evident when the harvested smooth loofah fruit was kept at 9℃ in a moist condition to its fourth weeks. During this period little changes had happened to the carbohydrates of smooth loofah fruit. Hence, the storage life for ‘Plain Sailing’ smooth loofah at 9℃ was three weeks.
            目 錄
                            頁次
縮寫索引                        Ⅲ
圖表索引                        Ⅳ
壹、前言……………………………………………………………….1
貳、前人研究………………………………………………………….2
 一、果實之生長發育……………………………………………….2
 二、低溫逆境下園產品組織結構及生理之變化…………………5
 三、影響寒害發生之因子…………………………………………10
 四、減輕寒害之方法………………………………………………12
 五、葉綠素螢光技術評估果實逆境生理…………………………16
參、材料與方法……………………………………………………….20
肆、結果……………………………………………………………….29
 一、絲瓜果實生長調查…………………………………………….29
 二、絲瓜果實之寒害……………………………………………….30
 三、包裝及氣體組成對絲瓜果實寒害之影響…………………….32
四、低溫逆境對絲瓜果實乙烯合成之影響…………………………34
 五、絲瓜9℃下貯藏期間品質之變化……………………………..35
伍、討論……………………………………………………………….63
陸、結論……………………………………………………………….74
中文摘要……………………………………………………………….76
英文摘要……………………………………………………………….77
參考文獻……………………………………………………………….79
參考文獻
王健一、王自存。1988。大氣成分對園產品生理與生化之影響。 中國園藝 34:220-248。
朱德明。1993。 植物與環境逆境。 國立編譯館編訂 pp. 87-145。
卓麗純。1991。 溫度對扁蒲果實採後生理與寒害之影響。 國立台灣大學園藝研究所碩士論文 pp.24-57。
周慧娜。1998。 台灣獼猴桃果實發育與貯藏期間成分變化之研究。 國立中興大學園藝學研究所碩士論文 pp.27-31。
林芳存、林宗賢。1995。 麻豆文旦柚果實發育之研究。 台灣柑橘之研究與發展研討會專刊 pp.79-99。 台灣省農業試驗所 編印。
林昭雄。1995。 絲瓜。 台灣農家要覽 農作篇(二) 豐年社出版 pp.415-418。
林棟樑。2002。 蔬果冷藏之寒害與管理。 台南區農業專訊 40:16-20。
林榕華、邱慧珍。 1993。 溫度與乙烯處理對番茄果實後熟的影響。 農林學報 42:39-54。
邱繹瑾。1996。 溫度調適與低氧處理對絲瓜果實耐寒力之影響。 國立台灣大學園藝研究所碩士論文 pp.24-79。
柯立群、韓青梅。 1997。 金煌芒果果實生長與發育之研究。 中國園藝43:1-15。
洪登村。1988。 蓮霧果實寒害乙烯生合成行為之研究。 國立台灣大學園藝研究所碩士論文 pp.1-27。
孫慧慈、楊耀祥。 1996。‘蜜紅’葡萄果實生長之研究。 興大園藝 21:13-28。
高景輝。1994。 植物荷爾蒙生理。 pp.114-150。 華香園。 台北。
區少梅、林聖敦、林介義、溫晉慶。 1993。 椪柑適當採收條件之探討。 中國園藝 39:115-127。
張林仁、林嘉興。1988。葡萄果實之發育與成熟。 葡萄生產技術 pp.151-162。 台中區農業改良場 編印。
梁靜芬。2002。 砧木種類、套袋材質及採後處理對‘金煌’芒果果實品質的影響。 國立中興大學園藝學研究所碩士論文 pp.35-66。
郭銀港、謝慶昌、李堂察、呂明雄。1995。 柑橘果實發育之研究。 台灣柑橘之研究與發展研討會專刊 pp.111-117。台灣省農業試驗所 編印。
陳家全、李家維、楊瑞森。1991。 生物電子顯微鏡學。行政院國科會精密儀器發展中心編印。 pp.226。
曾夢蛟、李本湘。1988。 植物生長調節劑與寒害。 植物生長調節劑在園藝作物之應用研討會專集 75-88。
黃涵、洪立。1988。 絲瓜。 台灣蔬菜彩色圖說 國立台灣大學園藝系 pp.142-143。
黃博雅。1999。 蓮霧果實採收後寒害及處理技術之研究。 興大園藝 24:1-11。
黃麗霞、彭昌祜。1977a。 香蕉果實寒害之化學藥劑防治試験。 中國園藝 23:23-31。
楊宗獻、翁慎微、楊耀祥。1996。‘二十世紀’番石榴果實發育之研究。 興大園藝 21:1-16。
廖玉琬、徐善德編審。1999。 光生物學入門。 植物生理學。William G.Hopkins 原著。啟英文化出版。臺灣,臺北。 pp.157-160。
廖秀真。1994。 蓮霧果實發育期間之生理變化及果皮離體培養。 國立中興大學園藝學研究所碩士論文 pp.1-42。
劉孟哲。1994。 套袋對蜜紅葡萄著色之影響。 國立中興大學園藝學研究所碩士論文 pp.78-81。
劉富文。1995。 園產品採後處理及貯藏技術。 台灣省青果運銷合作社。台灣、台北 pp.42-43。
蔡龍銘。1986。 獼猴桃果實發育期間之生理變化。 中國園藝 32:25-33。
蕭吉雄、楊偉正、沈百奎。1999。 主要瓜類蔬菜育種。 台灣省農業試驗所專刊 73:193-221。
謝慶昌。1985。 楊桃果實生長調查及採收後處理之研究。 國立台灣大學園藝研究所碩士論文 pp.1-8。
鍾立展。1998。 芒果(Mangifera indica L.)果實發育之研究。 國立中興大學園藝學研究所碩士論文 pp.48-57。
Abdallah, A. Y. and J. P. Paleta. 1989. Changes in biophysical and biochemical properties of cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon Ait.) fruit during growth and development. Acta Hort. 241:360-365.
Abe, K. 1990. Ultrastructural changes during chilling stress. pp. 71-84. in: C. Y. Wang, (ed), Chilling Injury of Hortcultural Crops. CRC Press, Inc.
Abe, K. and K. Chachim. 1985. Influence of surface structure of eggplant fruit. J. Japan Soc. Hort. Sci. 54:247-256.
Akamine, E. K. and T. Goo. 1973. Respiration and ethylene production during ontogeny of fruit. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 98:381-383.
Bal, J. S. 1981. A note of sugars and amino acids in ripe ber. Progressive Hort. 13:41-42.
Barbera, G., G. Carimi, P. Inglese, and M. Panno. 1992. Physical, morphological and chemical changes during fruit development and ripening in three cultivars of prickly pear (Opuntia ficus-indica L. (Miller)). J. Hort. Sci. 67:307-312.
Beaudry, R.M. 2000. Responses of horticultural commodities to low oxygen: limits to the expanded use of modified atmosphere packaging. HortTechnology10: 491-500.
Bertolini, P., G. Lanza, and G. Tonini. 1991. Effect of prestoage carbon dioxide treatments and storage temperatures on membranosis of ‘Femminello Commune’ lemons. Sci. Hort. 46:89-95.
Biale, J. B. 1964. Growth, maturation, and senescence in fruit. Science 146:880-888.
Bollard, E. G. 1970. The physiology and nutrition of developing fruits. pp. 387-425. In: A. C. Hulme (ed.). The biochemistry of fruits and their products. Vol. I. Academic Press, New York.
Burg, S. P. and M. J. Dijdaman. 1967. Ethylene and auxin participation in pollen induced fading of vanda eorchid blossoms. Plant Physiol. 42:1648-1650.
Cabrera, R. M. and M. E. Saltveit, Jr. 1990. Physiological response to chilling temperatures of intermittently warmed cucumber fruit. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 115:256-261.
Chaplin, G. R. and K. J. Scott. 1980. Association of calcium in chilling injury susceptibility of storage avocado. HortScience. 15:514-515.
Chen, N. M., and R. E. Paull. 1986. Development and prevention of chilling injury in papaya fruit. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 111:639-643.
Cohen, E. 1988. Commercial use of long term storage of lemon with intermittent warming. HortScience 23:400.
Coombe, B. G. 1976. The development of fleshy fruits. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 27:507-528.
Datta, M. N. and S. K. Mukherjee. 1980. Studies on the changes during growth and development of guava (Psidium guajava L.). Indian J. Hort. 3:211-219.
Davis, P. L. and R. C. Hofmann. 1973. Reduction of chilling injury of citrus fruits in cold storage by intermittent warming. J. Food Sci. 38:871-873.
Day, B.F. 1988. Optimization of parameters for modified atmosphere packaging of fresh fruit and vegetables . pp.147-170. In: Proceedings of the foruth International Conference on Controlled/Modified Atmosphere/Vacuum Packaging. Schotland Business Research, Inc.
DeEll, J. R., O. V. Kooten, R. K. Prange, and D. P. Murr. 1999. Applications of chlorophyll fluorescence techniques in postharvest physiology. Hort. Rev. 23:69-107.
DeEll, J. R., R. K. Prange, and D. P. Murr. 1995. Chlorophyll fluorescence as a potential indicator of controlled-atmosphere disorders in ‘Marshall’ McIntosh apples. HortScience. 30:1084-1085.
Diaz-Perez, J. C., S. Bautista, and R. Villanueva. 2000. Quality changes in sapote mamey fruit during ripening and storage. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 18:67-73.
Dubois, M. 1956. Colormetric method for determination of sugar and related substance. Anal. Chem. 28:350-356.
Eaks, I. L. 1983. Effect of chilling on respiration and ethylene production of ‘Hass’avocado fruit at 20℃. HortSccience. 18(2):235-237.
Eaks, I. L. 1980. Effect of chilling on respiration and volatiles of California lemon fruit. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 105:865-869.
Faust, M. and C. B. Shear. 1972. The effect of calcium on respiration of appsles. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 97:437-439.
Field, R. J. 1990. Influlence of chilling stress on ethylene production. pp.235-256 in: C. Y. Wang, (ed). Chilling Injury of Horticultural Crops. CRC Press, Inc.
Forman, M. and W. A. Jensen. 1965. Respiration and embryogensis in cotton. Plant Physiol. 40:765-769.
Forney, C. F. and W. J. Lipton. 1990. Influence of controlled atmospheres and packaging on chilling sensitivity. pp.257-267 in: C. Y. Wang, (ed). Chilling injury of Horticultural Crops. CRC Press.
Hariyadi, P. and K. L. Parkin. 1991. Chilling-induced oxidative stress in cucumber fruits. Postharvest Biology Tech. 1:33-45.
Harris, P. J., L. R. Ferguson, A. M. Roberton, R. J. McKenzie, and J. B. White. 1992. Cell-wall histochemistry and anatomy of taro (Colocasia esculenta). Aust. J. Bot. 40:207-222.
Hopping, M. E. and N. J. A. Hacking. 1983. A comparison of pollen application methods for the artificial pollination of kiwifruit. Acta Hort. 139:41-50.
Huang,H. and J. Xu. 1983. The development pattern of fruit tissues and their correlative relationship in Litchi chinensis Sonn. Sci. Hort.19 :335-342.
Isenberg, F. M. R. 1979. Controlled atmosphere storage of vegetable. Hort. Rev. 1:337-394.
Isenberg, F. M. R. 1981. Control atmosphere storage of vegetables. Hort. Rev. 1:337-394.
Jacobi, K. K., Elspeth A. M., and Suzan E. H. 1998. Early detection of abnormal skin ripening characteristics of ‘Kensington’ mango (Mangifera indica Linn). Sci. Hort. 72:215-225.
Johnson, L. B., and B. A. Cunningham. 1972. Peroxidase activity in healthy and leaf-rust-infected wheat leaves. Phytochemistry. 1:534-536.
Kader, A. A. 1986. Biochemical and physiology basis for effects of controlled and modified atmosphere on fruits and vegetables. Food Technol. 40:99-104.
Kader, A. A. 1992. Postharvest biology and technology: An overview. PP.15-20. In: Kader (tech. ed.). Postharvest technology of horticultural crops. 2nd ed. A. A. Univ. of Calif., Div. of Agric. and Natural Resources Pub. 3311.
Kader, A. A. and C. B. Watkins. 2000. Modified atmosphere packaging-toward 2000 and beyond. HortTechnology 10: 483-486.
Kader, A. A., D. Zagory, and E. L. Kerbel. 1989. Modified atmosphere packaging of fruit and vegetable. Crit. Rev. Food Sci. and Nutr. 28: 1-30.
Kalra, S. K. and D. K. Tandon. 1993. Fruit growth and development in mango. pp.1011-1129. In ‘Advances in horticulture. ‘Vol. 3-Fruit Crop. Eds:K. L. Chadha. and O. P. Pareek
Kays, S. J. 1999. Preharvest factors affecting appearance. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 15:233-247.
Keith, R. W., D. L. Tourneau, and D. Mahlum. 1958. Quantitative chromatographic determination of phenols. J. Chromatography. 1:534-536.
Klein, J. D. and S. Lurie. 1992a. Heat treatments for improved postharvest quality of horticultural crops. HortTechnology 2:316-320.
Korkmaz, A. 2002. Amelioration of chilling injury in watermelon seedlings by abscisic acid. Turk. J. Agric. For. 26:17-20.
Kuo, S. and K. L. Parkin. 1989. Chilling injury in cucumbers (Cucumis sativa L.) associated with lipid peroxidation as measured by ethane evolution. J. Food Sci. 54:1488-1491.
Lafuente, M. T., A. Belver, M. G. Guye, and M. E. Saltveit, Jr. 1991. Effect of temperature conditioning on chilling injury of cucumber cotyledons. Plant Physiol. 95:443-449.
Lambers, H., F. S. Chapin and T. L. Pons. 2000. Plant Physiology Ecology. Maple-Vaol Book Manufacturing Group, York, PA.
Lee, C.Y., and N. L. Smith. 1979. Blanching effect on polyphenoloxidase activity in table beets. J. Food Sci. 44:82-86.
Lee, S. k. and R. E. Young. 1983. Growth measurement as an indication of avocado maturity. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 108:395-397.
Lee, S. K., I. S. Shin, and Y. M. Park. 1993. Factors involved in skin browning of non-astringent ‘Fuyu’ persimmon. Acta Horti. 343: 300-304.
Lelievre, J. M., L. Tichit, L. Fillion, C. Larrigaudiere, M. Vendrell, and J. C. Pech. 1995. Cold-induce accumulation of 1-aminocyclopropane 1-carboxylate oxidase protein in ‘Granny Smith’ apples. Postharvest Biology Tech. 5:11-17.
Leshem, Y. Y., R. L. Shewfelt, C. M. Willmer, and O. Pantoja. 1992. Membrane fatty acyl tailgroups. page 11-25. in: Plant Membranes: A Biophyscial Approach to Structure, Development and Senescence. Academic Publishers.
Lester, S. K. and J. R. Dunlap. 1985. Physiological changes during development and ripening of ‘Perlita’ muskmelon fruit. Sci. Hort. 26:323-331.
Lin, W. C., J. W. Hall, and M. E. Saltveit, Jr. 1993. Ripening stage affects the chilling sensitivity of greenhouse-grown peppers. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 118:791-795.
Lizada, M. C. and S. F. Yang. 1979. A simple and sensitive assay for 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid. Anal. Biochem. 100:140-145.
Lurie, S., R. Reuven, and M. Shimon. 1994. Determining chilling injury induction in green peppers using nondestructive pulse amplitude modulated (PAM) fluorometry. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 119:59-62.
Lyons, J. M. 1973. Chilling injury in plants Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. 24:455-466.
Marcellin, P., and A. Chaves. 1983. Effect of intermittent high CO2 treatment on storage life of avocado fruit in relation to respiration and ethylene production. Acta Hort. 138:155-163.
Mencarelli, F., W. J. Lipton, and S. J. Peterson. 1983. Responses of ‘Zucchini’ squash to storage in low-O2 atmosphere at chilling and nonchlling temperatures. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 108:884-890.
Minorsky, P. V. 1985. An heuristic hypothesis of chilling injury in plants:a role for calcium as the primary physiological transducer of injury. Plant Cell Environ. 8:75-94.
Moriguchi, T. K., A. T. Sanada, and S. Yamak. 1992. Levels and role of surose synthase, sucrose phosphate synthase, and acid invertase in sucrose accumulation in fruit of Asian pear. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 117:274-278.
Morris, L. L. 1982. Chilling injury of horticultural crops:an overview. HorScience 17:161-162.
Morris, L. L. and H. Platenius. 1939. Low temperature injury to certain vegetables after harvest. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 36:609-613.
Nedbal,L., J.Soukupova, J.Whitmarsh, and M.Trtilek. 2000. Postharvest imaging of chlorophyll fluorescence from lemons can be used to predict fruit quality. Photosynthetica. 38: 571-579.
Nitsch, J. P. 1953. The physiology of fruit growth. Ann.Rew.Plant Physiol.4:199-227.
Nordby, H. E. and R. E. McDonald. 1990. Squalene applied to grapefruit prevents Chilling injury. HortScience 25:94.
Pantastico, E. B., J. Soule, and W. Grierson. 1968. Chilling injury in tropical and subtropical fruit. Π Lime and grapefruit. Proc. Trop. Reg. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 12:178-183.
Parkin, K. K. L., A. Marangoni, R. L. Jackman, R. Y. Yada, and D. W. Stanley. 1989. Chilling injury: A review of possible mechanisms. J. Food Biochem. 13:127-153.
Paull, R. E. and T. Goo. 1983. Relationship of guava (Psidium guava L.) fruit detachment force to the stage of fruit development and chemical composition. HortScience 18:5-67.
Paull, R. E., N. J. Chen, J. Deputy, H. Huang, G. Cheng, F. Parkash, and S. Ran. 1984. Litchi growth and compositional changes during fruit development. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 109:817-821.
Perez-Tello, G. O., B. A. Silva-Espinoza, I. Vargas-Arispuro, B. O. Briceno-Torres, and M. A. Martinez-Tellez. 2001. Effect of temperature on enzymatic and physiological factors related to chilling injury in Carambola fruit (Averrhoa carambola L.). Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 287:846-851.
Pesis, E., D. Aharoni, Z. Aharon, R. Ben-Arie, N. Aharoni, and Y. Fuchs. 2000. Modified atmosphere and modified humidity packaging alleviates chilling injury symptoms in mango fruit. Postharvest Biol. and Technol. 19:93-101.
Pesis, E., R. Marinansky, G. Zauberman, and Y. Fuchs. 1994. Prestorage low-oxygen atmosphere treament reduces chilling injury symptoms in ‘Fuerte’ avocado fruit. HortScience. 29:1042-1046.
Pocasangre, E. H. E., F. L. Finger, R. S. Barros, and R. Puschmann. 1995. Development and ripening of yellow passion fruit. J. Hort. Sci. 70:575-576.
Robinson, D. S. 1991. Peroxidases and their significance in fruit and vegetables. PP.399-426. In: Food Enzymology (Fox P. F., Ed.), Vol. I. Elsevier Science, London, UK.
Robinson, N. L., J. D. Hewitt, and A. B. Bennett. 1988. Sink metabolism in tomato fruit. I. Development changes in carbohydrates metabolizing enzymes. Plant Physiol. 87:727-730.
Saltveit, Jr., M. E. 1991. Prior temperature exposure affects subsequent chilling sensitivity. Physiol. Plant. 82:529-536.
Saltveit, Jr., M. E. and L. L. Morris. 1990. Overview on chilling injury of horticultural crops. P.3-15. In:C. Y. Wang (ed) Chilling Injury of Horticultural Crops. CRC Press, Inc. Boca Raton, Florida.
Schirra, M. 1992. Behaviour of ‘Star Ruby’ grapefruits under chilling and non-chilling storage temperature. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 2:315-327.
Scott, K. J. and G. R. Chaplin. 1978. Reduction of chilling injury in avocado stored in sealed polyethylene bags. Trop. Agr. 55:87-90.
Scott, K. J. and Gandanegara. 1974. Effect of temperature on the storage life of bananas held in polyethylene bags. Trop. Agric. 55:87-89.
Serrano, M., M. C. Martinez-Madrid., M. T. Pretel., F. Riqelme., and F. Romojaro. 1997. Modified atmosphere packaging minimizes increases in putrescine and abscisic acid levels caused by chilling injury in pepper fruit. J. Agric. Food Chem. 45:1668-1672.
Sharom, M., C. Willemot, and J. E. Thompson. 1994. Chilling injury induces lipid phase change in membranes of tomato fruit. Plant Physiol. 105:305-308.
Smillie, R. M. 1992. Calvin cycle activity in fruit and the effect of heat stress. Sci. Hort. 51: 83-95.
Smillie, R. M., S. E. Hetheringtion, R. Nott, G. T. Chaplin, and N. L. Wade. 1987. Applications of chlorophyll fluorescence to the postharvrst physiology and storage of mango and banana fruit and chilling tolerance of mango cultivars. Asean Food J. 3:55-59.
Song, J., Lihua F., Charles F. F., and Michael A. J. 2001. Using volatile emissions and chlorophyll fluorescence as indicators of heat injury in apples. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 126: 771-777.
Song, J., W. Deng, R. M. Beaudry, and P. R. Armstrong. 1997. Changes in chlorophyll fluorescence of apple fruit during maturation, ripening, and senescence. HortScience. 32:891-896.
Soule, J. W., W. Grierson, and J. G. Blair. 1967. Quality test for citrus fruit. Circular 315 Agri. Ext. Ser. IFAS Univ. of Florida.
Taiz, L. and Zeiger. 1998. Photosynthesis:Carbon reactions. Plant Physiology 2nd Edition, pp.195-225. Sinauer Associates Inc. Sunderland, Massachusetts.
Tandon , D. K. and S. K. Kalra. 1983. Changes in sugars, starch and amylase activity during development of mango fruit cv.‘Dasheri’. J. Hort. Sci. 58:449-453.
Tandon, D. K., B. P. Singh and S. K. Kalra. 1989. Storage behaviour of specific-gravity-graded guava fruits. Sci.Hort. 41:35-41.
Tatsumi, Y. and T. Murata. 1981a. Relation between chilling sensitivity of cucurbitaceae fruits and the membrane permeability. J. Japan. Soc. Hort. Sci. 50:108-113.
Tsantilli, E. 1990. Changes during development of ‘Tsapela’ fig fruit. Sci. Hort. 44:227-234.
Vamos-Vigy’az’o, L. 1981. Polyphenoloxidase and peroxidase in fruit and vegetables. CRC Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr., 49-126.
Wang, C. Y. 1982. Physiological and biochemical responses of plants to chilling stress. HortScience 17:173-181.
Wang, C. Y. 993. Approaches to reduce chilling injury of fruit and vegetables. Hort. Rev. 15:63-95.
Wang, C. Y. and D. O. Adams. 1980. Ethylene production by chilled cucumbers (Cucumis sativus L.). Plant Physiol. 66:841-843.
Wang, C. Y. and D. O. Adams. 1982. Chilling-induced ethylene production in cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Plant Physiol. 69:424-427.
Wang, C. Y. and L. Qi. 1997. Modified atmosphere packaging alleviates chilling injury in cucumbers. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 10:195-200.
Wardowski, W. F., W. Grierson and G. J. Edwards. 1973. Chilling injury of stored limes and grapefruit as affected by differentially permeable packaging films. HortScience. 8:173-175.
Weichmann, J. 1986. The effect of controlled-atmosphere storage on the sensory and nutritional quality of fruit and vegetables. Hortic. Rev. 8:101-127.
Whitaker, B. D. 1994. A reassessment of heat treatment as a means of reducing chilling injury in tomato fruit. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 4:75-83.
Wills, R. B. H., P. Wimalasiri, and K. J. Scott. 1979. Short pre-storage exposures to hight carbon dioxide or low oxygen atmospheres for the storage of some vegetables. HortScience. 14:528-530.
Yang, S. F. and N. E. Hoffman. 1984. Enthylene biosynthesis and its regulation in higher plants. Ann. Rer. Plant Physiol. 35:155-189.
Yusof, S., and S. Mohamed. 1987. Physico-chemical changes in guava (Psidium guajava L.) during development and maturation. J. Sci. Food Agr. 38:31-39.
Zhiguo, J. and E. A. Curry. 2000. Stripped corn oil emulsion alters ripening, reduces superficial scald, and reduces core flush in ‘Granny Smith’ apple and decay in ‘d’Anjou’ pears. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 20:185-193.
Zong, R. J., L. Morris, and M. Cantwell. 1995. Postharvest physiology and quality of bitter melon (Momordica charantia L.). Postharvest Biol. Technol. 6:65-72.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top