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研究生:巫麗雪
研究生(外文):Li-Hsueh Wu
論文名稱:跨越教育與族群的藩籬:台灣跨越界限之婚姻配對分析
論文名稱(外文):Breaking Boundaries: An Analysis of Boundary-Crossing Marriages in Taiwan
指導教授:蔡瑞明蔡瑞明引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ruey-Ming Tsay
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東海大學
系所名稱:社會學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:社會學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:中文
論文頁數:92
中文關鍵詞:族群配對教育配對異質婚通婚擇偶過程
外文關鍵詞:ethnic assortative matingeducational assortative matingheterogeneous marriagescross-boundary marriagesmating process
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本研究的主要目的在於探討擇偶的過程(認識場合、婚姻自主性、離校至結婚的時間間距)對異質性婚姻配對(教育與族群)的影響。過去的研究在探討影響婚姻配對模式的因素時,多半將焦點關注於個人特質、家庭特性與區位結構如何對個人的擇偶行為發揮作用力,因此忽略擇偶過程的影響。本文試圖運用宏觀的人口結構理論與微觀的次結構供給理論作為本文的理論架構,探討擇偶過程中認識場合、婚姻自主性、離校至結婚的時間間距對異質婚姻配對模式的作用,藉此瞭解擇偶過程的運作邏輯如何影響夫妻之間的婚姻配對。本文主要是分析「台灣社會變遷調查計畫」第四期第二次『家庭組』的調查資料,釐清促成異質性婚姻配對的因素。
本文的研究發現,擇偶過程是影響異質性婚姻配對的重要因素。就教育配對的部分而言,學校是一個抑制教育異質性婚姻配對的場合;而且人們離開學校越久,學校制度的影響效果越小,有越高的機會跨越教育障礙通婚;另外婚姻自主性對於跨越多個教育類屬的教育異質性配對也有促進效果。族群配對的分析結果顯示,教育程度對於跨越族群藩籬並不具有顯著的作用;學校、工作場合或非組織化場合相對於家庭鄰里,皆提高族群通婚的機會;自己決定婚姻者也有較高的通婚機會。
The main purpose of this study is to explore the effects of mating process on the likelihood of heterogeneous marriages in terms of educational attainment and ethnicity. Previous research tends to focus on the influence of individual characteristics, family’s attributes, and ecological structure on the mating; however, ignore the process of mating itself. This thesis attempts to employ the viewpoints of macro populational structure theory and micro substructure of supply-and-demand to analyze the dynamics of mating process, in particular, the organized setting that a couple meets each other, the degree of autonomy in making the decision of marriage, and the timing of marriage, in order to understand the making of heterogeneous marriages. The data of this analysis is mainly based on the Fourth Wave (Part II, Family Study) of Taiwan Social Change Survey (TSCS).
The results show that the mating process is an important factor in the making of the heterogeneous mating, i.e. boundary-crossing marriages. In terms of educational attainment, school one attended, as an organized setting, plays a significant role in reducing the likelihood of boundary-crossing marriages. In addition, the longer one leaves the schools, the lower the effect of schools as a restraining mechanism, therefore, increases the likelihood that one would marriage someone from a different group. The higher the degree of autonomy in one’s marriages decision-making, the higher the likelihood one would accept a heterogeneous marriage. In terms of assortative marriages of ethnicity, education does not play a significant role in boundary-crossing marriages. Comparing with the effect of neighborhood, certain organized settings, such as schools, workplaces, tend to increase the chance of heterogeneous marriages of ethnicity. The degree of autonomy also plays an important role in breaking the boundary of ethnicity in the marriage market.
中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
目錄 iii
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究緣起 1
第二節 問題意識 4
第二章 理論架構與文獻回顧 8
第一節 婚姻市場的理性選擇 8
第二節 結構理論與婚姻配對 11
一 宏觀的人口結構理論 11
二 微觀的結構供給理論 13
第三節 教育配對的相關研究探討 17
第四節 族群配對的相關研究探討 23
第三章 分析架構與研究設計 28
第一節 研究架構 28
第二節 研究假設 30
一 夫妻教育配對的假設 30
二 夫妻族群配對的假設 32
第三節 研究設計與分析方法 35
一 資料來源 35
二 變項測量 36
1 依變項的定義與測量:跨界婚姻 36
a 教育異質婚 36
b 族群異質婚 38
2 自變項的定義與測量 39
3 樣本基本特性 42
三 分析方法 46
第四章 研究結果 48
第一節 婚姻配對之世代變化 48
第二節 擇偶過程之對應分析與迴歸分析 52
第三節 跨越教育界限之婚姻配對分析 58
一 描述性統計分析 58
二 夫妻教育異質性配對之邏輯迴歸分析 60
(一) 廣義之夫妻教育異質性配對分析 62
(二) 狹義之夫妻教育異質性配對分析 67
(三) 結語 68
第四節 跨越族群界限之婚姻配對分析 71
一 描述性統計分析 71
二 夫妻族群配對之邏輯迴歸分析 73
三 結語 76
第五章 結論與討論 81
參考書目 85
圖表
圖一 基本研究架構 29
圖二 夫妻教育異質性婚姻配對之趨勢圖 50
圖三 夫妻族群通婚之趨勢圖 51
圖四 擇偶過程之對應分析圖 56
表格
表一 教育異質婚的定義 38
表二 樣本基本特性(依變項) 44
表三 樣本基本特性(自變項) 44
表四 擇偶過程之迴歸分析 57
表五 夫妻教育配對之描述統計分析 59
表六 教育異質性婚姻配對(廣義)之邏輯迴歸分析 66
表七 教育異質性婚姻配對(狹義)之邏輯回歸分析 70
表八 夫妻族群配對之描述統計分析 72
表九 族群配對之邏輯迴歸分析(全部樣本) 77
表九(續) 族群配對之邏輯迴歸分析(部份樣本) 78
表十 教育對族群通婚的影響 79
表十一 擇偶過程對族群通婚的影響 80
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薛承泰,1995,〈變遷中的台灣家庭結構:從人口與婚姻談起〉,《社會建設季刊》89:81-94。
謝雨生、鄭怡仲,1995,〈多元回歸分析的假定與實例探討:多元線性重合現象的診斷與處理〉,頁283-311,收錄於章英華等編《社會調查與分析:社會科學研究方法檢討與前瞻之一》。台北:中央研究院民族學研究所。
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