(54.224.247.42) 您好!臺灣時間:2018/10/19 06:53
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
本論文永久網址: 
line
研究生:邱芳貞
研究生(外文):CHIU, FANG-CHEN
論文名稱:太極拳運動對骨密度,免疫球蛋白A及白血球吞噬作用的影響
論文名稱(外文):EFFECTS OF TAI CHI CHUAN EXERCISE ON BONE MINERAL DENSITY, IMMUNOGLOBULIN A AND PHAGOCYTOSIS
指導教授:徐台閣
指導教授(外文):HSU, TAI-GER PH.D.
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:臺北巿立體育學院
系所名稱:運動科學研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:運動科技學類
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:中文
論文頁數:62
中文關鍵詞:太極拳運動骨密度免疫球蛋白A吞噬作用
外文關鍵詞:tai chi chuan ( TCC )bone mineral density ( BMD )immunoglobulin A ( IgA )Phagocytosis
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:26
  • 點閱點閱:788
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:116
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
適度規律的運動能促進健康且能正面地提高人體免疫反應,進而增加人體的抵抗能力,太極拳是簡單易學且可推廣的運動。本研究的主要目的,在探討太極拳運動對骨密度、免疫球蛋白A及白血球吞噬作用的影響。以長期從事太極拳運動三年以上不間斷與無運動習慣之坐式生活停經女性共30位為受試者,太極拳運動組15位(平均年齡63.0 ± 6.6歲、身高153.6 ± 5.5公分、體重58.0 ± 3.8公斤、體脂肪百分比32.0 ± 7.0 ﹪、身體質量指數(Bady Mass Index,BMI)24.7 ± 2.5、拳齡範圍3 ~ 47年)和坐式生活組15位(平均年齡61.7 ± 5.4歲、身高154.9 ± 4.4公分、體重58. 3 ± 4.4公斤、體脂肪百分比32.4 ± 4.0 ﹪、身體質量指數24.3 ± 1.6)。以雙能X光吸收測量儀(Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry,DEXA)測量腰椎第二節至第四節各節及平均骨密度;利用流式細胞分類儀(Flow Cytometry)檢測受試者之白血球吞噬作用的能力;並利用酵素免疫吸附分析儀(ELISA reader)來檢測唾液免疫球蛋白A的濃度。所有測量結果以SPSS 統計軟體處理,以獨立樣本t考驗分析資料,顯著水準皆訂為α=.05。研究結果發現太極拳運動組與坐式生活組間腰椎骨密度之第二節、第三節、第四節和第二至第四節平均骨密度沒有顯著差異(p>.05)。白血球吞噬作用的能力在太極拳運動組則顯著高於坐式生活組(p<.05)。而在唾液免疫球蛋白A濃度方面,太極拳運動組高於坐式生活組,但沒有顯著差異(p>.05)。由本研究可以得到以下結論:長期從事太極拳運動可以增進白血球吞噬能力,抵抗病毒的能力較高。隨著年齡的增加,骨密度及免疫系統皆會呈現下降的趨勢。
Regular exercise was not only improving health but also increase the response of body immune mechanism to be able to further enhance the ability of body defense. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of tai chi chuan ( TCC ) exercise on bone mineral density ( BMD ), immunoglobulin A ( IgA ) and phagocytosis. They were assigned to TCC group ( n=15,age 63.0 ± 6.6 yrs, height 153.6 ± 5.5 cm, weight 58.0 ± 3.8 kg, body fat 32.0 ± 7.0 ﹪, and body mass index ( BMI ) 24.7 ± 2.5, time of training 3 ~ 47 yrs ) or sedentary group ( n=15,age 61.7 ± 5.4 yrs., height 154.9 ± 4.4 cm, weight 58.3 ± 4.4 kg, body fat 32.4 ± 4.0 ﹪, BMI 24.3 ± 1.6 ). The lumbar spine density was measured by Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry ( DEXA ), flow cytometry to detect the ability of phagocytosis and ELISA reader to detect the concentration of saliva immunoglobulin A ( s-IgA ). Data were analyzed with t-test by SPSS. The significant level was 0.05.Statistical analysis indicated that the TCC group were significant ( p<.05) changes on phagocytosis and VO2max. No significant ( p>.05 ) changes were found between sedentary group and TCC group about BMD and s-IgA. It is concluded that TCC exercise may improve elder people’s immune function. With age increasing, BMD and immune system will perform descending trend.
口試委員與所長簽字證書…………………………………………………I
授權書……………………………………………………………………..II
中文摘要………………………………………………………………….III
英文摘要………………………………………………………………….IV
謝誌…………………………………………………………………….….V
目錄……………………………………………………………………….VI
表目錄………………………………………………………………….…IX
圖目錄………………………………………………………………….… X
第壹章 緒論………………..…………………………………………..1
第一節 前言…………………………………………………………...1
第二節 問題背景……………………………….……………………..2
第三節 研究問題………………………..…………………………….5
第四節 研究假設……………………………………………….……..5
第五節 研究範圍與限制……………………………….……………..6
第六節 名詞操作性定義…………………………………….………..7
第七節 研究的重要性……………………………………….………..8
第貳章 文獻探討………………….………………………………….9
第一節 太極拳運動對健康的助益………….………………………..9
第二節 運動對骨密度的影響………………….……………………13
第三節 運動對免疫功能的影響…………………………………….16
第四節 結語………………………………………………………….19
第參章 研究方法與步驟…………………………………………...21
第一節 受試者…………………………………………….…………21
第二節 實驗流程…………………………………………………….22
第三節 實驗時間與地點…………………………………………….23
第四節 實驗方法、步驟與儀器……………………………………...23
第五節 統計分析…………………………………………………….27
第肆章 結果…………………………………………………………..28
第一節 受試者基本資料…………………………………………….28
第二節 受試者最大氧攝取量……………………………………….29
第三節 太極拳運動對骨密度的影響……………………………….29
第四節 太極拳運動對免疫系統的影響…………………………….30
第伍章 討論…………………………………………………………..32
第一節 受試者……………………………………………………….32
第二節 受試者最大氧攝取量……………………………………….32
第三節 太極拳運動對骨密度的影響……………………………….34
第四節 太極拳運動對免疫系統的影響…………………………….37
第陸章 結論與建議………………………………………………....39
參考文獻………………………………………………………………...40
中文部分…………………………………………………….…………40
英文部分…………………………………………………….…………41
附 錄
附錄一、受試者須知與參與同意書…………………………………..50
附錄二、受試者身體狀況調查問卷……………………………………51
附錄三、2900氣體分析裝置儀器操作與校正程序………………….52
附錄四、踏車運動重量負荷程序……………………………………..53
附錄五、唾液檢查採檢說明…………………………………………...54
附錄六、s-IgA間接酵素免疫吸附分析步驟…………………………55
附錄七、吞噬作用實驗分析步驟……………………………………..58
附錄八、受試者基本資料及最大氧攝取量…………………………..59
附錄九、腰椎骨密度測量一覽表……………………………………..60
附錄十、受試者白血球吞噬作用能力及唾液免疫球蛋白A(s-IgA)濃度測量一覽表…………………………………………….61
附錄十一、吞噬作用流式細胞儀分析圖…………………………….62
中文部分
王忠山。(2001)。練習太極拳對老年男子血脂、血清鈣磷、骨密度等指標影響的三年追蹤研究。香港:2001年國際太極拳科學研討會。
王曉軍。(2001)。太極拳對老年人NK細胞及IL-2的影響。香港:2001年國際太極拳科學研討會。
林興中。(1994)。骨質疏鬆症之最近進展。台灣醫界,37,頁37-40。
李水碧、余俊賢、錢本文。(1997)。游泳保送選手骨質密度之研究。體育學報,23,頁239-250。
徐台閣。(1998)。高強度耐力運動對免疫功能的影響。博士論文,國立台灣師範大學體育研究所,臺北市,臺灣。
秦嶺。(2001)。十二個月太極拳訓練減少香港停經後婦女的骨質流失及骨強度的下降。香港:2001年國際太極拳科學研討會。
許雲影。(2001)。兩個月太極拳訓練可獲得改善健康老年人平衡能力的效果。香港:2001年國際太極拳科學研討會。
陳波章。(1997)。從太極拳運動談氣。科學月刊,28,(3),頁208-211。
黃國禎、郭博昭、陳俊忠。(1998)。長期從事太極拳運動對男性老年人安靜心跳率變異性之影響。體育學報,25,頁109-118。
馮美雲。(2001)。二十四式太極拳和陳式太極功對老年人血脂水平和抗氧化能力的影響。香港:2001年國際太極拳科學研討會。
張纓。(2001)。二十四式太極拳和陳式太極功對老年人骨代謝的影響。香港:2001年國際太極拳科學研討會。
趙傑修。(2001)。太極拳對中老年人骨健康的影響。香港:2001年國際太極拳科學研討會。
劉文禎。(2002)。太極拳運動對骨質疏鬆症的影響。碩士論文,國立體育學院教練研究所,臺北縣,臺灣。
賴金鑫。(2001)。太極拳的健康效果。香港:2001年國際太極拳科學研討會。
賴金鑫、藍青。(1994)。初學太極拳者心肺功能追蹤研究。國術研究,3,(1),頁19-36。
藍青。(2001)。太極拳對中老年人心肺功能促進效果。香港:2001年國際太極拳科學研討會。
藍青、賴金鑫。(1994)。太極拳訓練對中老年人心肺功能之促進及維持效果。1994年海峽兩岸國術學術研討會,桃園:國立體育學院,頁63-83。
英文部分
Aloia, J. F., Cohn, S. H., Ostuni, J. A., Cane, R., & Ellis, K. (1980). prevention of involutional bone loss by exercise. International Medicine, 89, 359-368.
American College of Sports Medicine. (1986). Guidelines for graded exercise testing and exercise prescription (3rd ed.). Philadelphia:Lea & Febiger.
Bevier, W., Pyka, G., Kozak, K., Newhall, K., Wiswell, R., & Marcus, R. (1988). Aerobic capacity , muscle strtength and bone density in elderly men and women. Journal of Bone Mineral Research, 3, 215. Abstract 585.
Bieger, W.P., Weiss, M., Michel, G., & Weicker, H. (1980). Exercise-induced monocytosis and modulation of monocyte function. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 1, 30-36.
Block, J. K., Genant, H. K., & Block D. (1986). Greater vertebral bone mineral mass in exercising young men. West Journal Medicine, 145, 39-42.
Cheng, J. (1999) .Tai Chi Chuan: a slow dancd for health. The Physician and Sports Medicine, 27, 109-111.
Chiu, J. F., Lan, S. J., Yang, C. Y., Wang, P. W., Yao, W. J., Su, I. H., & Hsieh, C. C. (1997). Long-term vegetarian diet and bone mineral density in postmenopausal Taiwanese women. Calcified Tissue International, 60, 245-249.
Conroy, B.P., Kraemer, W. J., Maresh, C.M., Fleck, S. J., Stone, M. H., Fry, A.C., Miller, P. D., & Dalsky, G. P. (1993). Bone mineral density in elite junior Olympic weightlifters. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 25, 1103-1109.
Dalsky, G. P. (1987). Exercise: its effect on bone mineral content. Clinical Gynecology, 30, 820-831.
Dook, J. E., James, C., Henderson, N. K., & Price, R. I. (1997). Exercise and bone mineral density in mature female athletes. Medicine and Science in sports and Exercise, 29, 291-296.
Dyson, K. C., Blimkie, J. R., Davison, K. S., Webber, C. E., & Adachi, J. D. (1997). Gymnastic training and bone density in pre adolescent females. Medicine and Science in sports and Exercise, 29, 443-450.
Frizzera, S., Carriere, C., Bertoli, P., & Resnyak, S. (1991). Competive swimming and bone density. Swimming Medicine, 10, 68-71.
Gabriel, H., Muller, H. J., Kettler, K., Brechtel, L., Urhausen, A., & Kindermann, W. (1995). Increased phagocytic capacity of the blood, but decreased phagocytic activity per individual circulating neutrophil after ultradistance run. European Journal of Applied Physiology Occup Physiology,71, 281-284.
Globus, R. K., & Bikle, D. D. (1986). The temporal response of bone to unloading. Endocrinology, 118, 733-742.
Goto, S., Shigeta, H., Hyakutake, S., & Yamagata, M. (1996). Comparison between menopause-related changes in bone mineral density of the lumbar spine and the proximal in Japanese female athletes:a long-term longitudinal study using dual-energy X-Ray absorptiometry. Calcified Tissue International, 59, 461-465.
Heaney, R. P., Gallgher, J. C., Johnston, C. C., Near, R., Parfitt, A. M., & Whedon, G. P. (1982). Calcium nutrition and bone health in the elderly. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 36, 986-1013.
Hondan, C. M. (1995). Cultural diversity:Tai Chi Chuan and Laban movement analysis. The Journal of Physical-Education Recreation & Dance, 2, 38-40.
Jou, T. H. (1983). The Tao of Tai Chi Chuan: Way to rejuvenation(3rd ed.). Piscataway, NH: Tai Chi Foundation.
Klentrou, P., Cieslak, T., MacNeil, M., Vintinner, A., & Plyley, M. (2002). Effect of moderate exercise on salivary immunoglobulin A and infection risk in humans. Europoean Journal Applied Plysiology, 87, 153-158.
Koh, T. C. (1980). Tai Chi Chuan. American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 6, 15-22.
Krall, E. A., & B. Dawson-Hughes. (1993). Heritable and life-style determinants of bone mineral density. Journal of Bone Mineral Research, 8, 1-9.
Krolner, B., Toft, B., Nielessen, S. T., & Tondevold, E. (1983). Physical exercise as prophylaxis against involutional vertebral bone loss: a controlled trial. Clinical Science, 64, 541-546.
Kutner, N. J., Barnhart, H., Wolf, S. L., McNeely, E., & Xu, T. (1997). Self-report benefits of Tai Chi practice by older adults. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Science, 52, 242-246.
Lai, J. S., Lan C., Wang, M. K., & Teng, S. H. (1995). Two-year trends in cardiorespiratory function among older tai chi chuan practitioners and sedentary subjects. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 43, 1222-1224.
Lan, C. (1993). Cardiorespiratory responses of Tai Chi Chuan practitionersand sedentary subjects during cycle ergometry. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association,92, 894-899.
Lan, C., Lai, J. S., Wong, M. K., & Yu, M. L. (1996). Cardiorespiratory function, flexibility, and body composition among geriatric Tai Chi Chuan practitioners. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation,77, 612-616.
Lane, N.E., Bloch, D.A., Jones, H. H., Marshall, W. H., Wood, P.D., & Fries, J. F. (1986). Long-distance running, bone density and osteoarthritis. JAMA, 255, 1147-1151.
Li, J. X., Hong, Y., & Chan, K. M. (2001). Tai Chi:physiological characteristics and beneficial effects on health. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 35, 148-156.
Li, Z. Q., & Shen Q. (1995). The impact of the performance of Wu’s Tai Chi Chuan on the acitivity of natural killer cells in peripheral blood in the elderly. Chinese Journal of Sports Medicine, 14, 53-60.
Loucks, A. B. (1988). Osteoporosis prevention begins in childhood. In : Competitive Sports for Children and Youth. Brow EW and Branta CF(Eds). Champaign IL:Human Kinetics Books. 213-224.
Mackinnon, L. T., & Hooper, S. L. (1994). Mucosal(secretory) immune system responses to exercise of varying intensity and during overtraining. International Journal of Sports Medicine,15, S179-S183.
Mackinnon, L. T., Hooper, S. L., Jones, S., Bachmann, A. W., & Gordon, R.D. (1997). Hormonal, immunological and hematological responses to intensified training in elite swimmers. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 29, 1637-1645.
Mazzeo, R. S. (1994). The influence of exercise and aging on immune function. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise,26, 586-592.
Mitchell, J. G., Paquent, F. X., Pizza, F. X., Starling, R. D., Holtz, P. W., & Grandjean, P. W. (1996). The effect of moderate aerobic training on lymphocyte proliferation. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 17, 384-389.
Mundy, G. R. (1994). Boning up on genes. Nature, 367, 216-217.
Muns, G. (1994). Effect of long-distance running on polymorphonuclear neutrophil phagocytic function of the upper airways. Intenational Journal of Sports Medicine, 15, 96-99.
Nehlsen-Cannarella, S. L., Nieman, A. J., Balk-Lamberton, P. A., Markoff, D. B. W, Chritton, G., Gueswitch, & Lee, J. W. (1991). The effect of moderate exercise training on immune response. Medinie and Science in Sports and Exercise, 23, 64-70.
Nieman, D. C. (1994). Exercise, infection, and immunity. International Journal of Sports Medicine,15, 131-141.
Nieman, D. C. (2000). Exercise, the Immune System, and Infection Disease. Exercise and Sports Science, 32, 177-190.
Nieman, D. C., Henson, D. A., Gusewitch, G., Warrn, B. J., Dotson, R. C., Butterwortworth, D. E., & Nehlsen-Cammarella, S. L. (1993). Role of endurance exercise in immune senescence. Medicine and Science in Sport and Exercese, 26, 172-181.
Nieman, D. C., Nehlsen-Cannarella S. L., Henson, D. A., Butterwortworth, D. E., Fagoaga O. R., & Utter A. (1998). Immune response to exercise training and/or energy restriction in obese women. Medicine and Science in Sport and Exercese, 30, 679-686.
Perry, P. (1982). Sport medical in China:A group philosophy of fitness. The Physician & Sports Medicine,10, 177-178.
Pescatello, L. S., & Dipietro, L. (1993). Physical activity in old adults. Sport Medicine, 15, 353-364.
Pocock, N. A., Eisman, J. A., Yeates, M. G., Sambrook, P. N., & Eberl. (1986). Physical fitness is a major determinant of femoral neck and lumbar spine bone mineral density. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 78, 618-621.
Qu, M. (1980). “Taijiquan”- a medical assessment. China Sports,1.
Reid, I. R. (1996). Therapy of osteoporosis:calcium, vitamin D, and exercise. American Journal of the Medical Sciences,312, 278-286.
Roitt, I., Brostoff, J., & Male D. (2001). Introduction to the immune system. Immunology. Six edition. 1-13.
Schneider, V. S., & McDonald, J. (1984). Skeletal calcium homeostasis and countermeasures to prevent disuse osteoporosis. Calcif Tissue International, 36, 151-154.
Shephard, R. J., Rhind, S., & Shek, P. (1995). The impacts of exercise on immune system. NK cells, interleukin-1 and —2 and related response. Exercise and Sports Science Review,23, 215-241.
Shinkai, S., Konishi, M., & Shephard, R. J. (1996). Aging, Exercise, Training and the immune system. Exercise Immunology Review, 3, 68-95.
Shinkai, S., Kohno, H., Kimura, K., Komura, T., Asai, H., Inai, R., Oka, K., Kurokawa, Y., & Shephard, R. J. (1995). Physical activity and immune senescence in men. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 27, 1516-1526.
Sinaki, M., Wahner, H. W., Offord, K. P., & Hodgson, S. F. (1989). Efficacy of nonloading exercise inprevention of vertebral bone loss in postmenopausal women: A controlled trial. Mayo Clinical Proc, 64, 762-769.
Slater, J., & Hunt, H. (1997). Postural-vestibular integration and form of dreaming:A preliminary report on the effects of brief Tai Chi Chuan training. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 85, 97-98.
Slemenda, C. W., & Johnston, C.C. (1993). High intensity activities in young women: site specific bone mass effects among female figure skaters. Bone mineral, 20, 125-132.
Smalheiser, M. (1984). Tai Chi Chuan in China today. Tai Chi Chuan:Perspectives of the way and its movement, 1, 3-5.
Weiss, M., Yogev, R., & Dolev, E. (1988). Occupational sitting and low hip mineral density. Calcified. Tissue International, 62, 47-50.
Yan, H., Kuroiwa, A., Tanaka, H., Shindo, M., Kiyonaga, A., & Nagayama, A. (2001). Effect of moderate exercise on immune senescence in men. European Journal of Applied Physiology,86, 105-111.
Zhang, G. D. (1990). The impacts of 48-form Tai Chi Chuan and Yi Qi Yang Fei Gong on the serum levels of IgG, IgM, IgA and IgE in human. Journal of Beijing Institute of Physical Education, 4, 12-14.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔