跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.210.99.209) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/04/20 05:59
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:楊建榮
研究生(外文):Jian-Roung Yang
論文名稱:套袋處理對''水晶''番石榴果實生育及品質之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effect of Bagging Treatments on the Growth, Development, and Quality of ''Shui-Jing'' Guava (Psidium guajava L.) Fruits
指導教授:謝慶昌謝慶昌引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ching-Chang Shiesh
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:園藝學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:園藝學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:129
中文關鍵詞:不同材質遮光相對濕度二氧化碳乙烯舒果套聚乙烯塑膠袋水晶拔
外文關鍵詞:mineral nutritionshaderelative humiditycarbon dioxideethyleneexpanded polystyrene net sleevepolyethylene bagShui-Jing Bar
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:11
  • 點閱點閱:662
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:108
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本試驗目的在探討''水晶''番石榴套袋後促進果實生長發育的因子。''水晶''番石榴以白色舒果套加聚乙烯塑膠袋進行套袋時,袋內氧氣濃度會下降,二氧化碳及乙烯濃度上升,相對濕度提高,待果實成熟採收時,果實大小、鮮重、及品質明顯比以網袋套袋的對照組大及佳,顯示,套聚乙烯袋及舒果套有促進果實生長的效果。在套袋期間增加果實周圍二氧化碳濃度至0.1%及0.7%,或置放二氧化碳吸收劑於袋內以降低二氧化碳濃度;或以通氣方式使袋內氧氣上升至和空氣一樣;或於袋內置放乙烯吸收劑或處理乙烯作用抑制劑(1-甲基環丙烯);或增減袋內相對濕度;或以遮陰方式降低袋內光線入射量等方式進行處理,至果實成熟期,皆無明顯影響果實生長的效果。所以套袋所引起的微氣候及環境改變,可能不是促進果實生長的主要因子。若只用聚乙烯塑膠袋套袋處理,而不用舒果套,則果實大小、鮮重及品質即下降,此期間,聚乙烯塑膠袋內有無舒果套的微環境並無顯著不同,因此影響果實生長的因子,可能和舒果套的存在有關,舒果套經陽光照射後會釋出數種有機氣體,是否是這些機氣體影響果實生長,仍待研究。
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of bagging on promoting fruit growth and development of guava “Shui-Jing”. By using expanded polystyrene net sleeve (EPNS) together with polyethylene (PE) bagging, oxygen concentration was found to decrease while the relative humidity, CO2 as well as ethylene concentration increased inside the bag. Fruit size, fresh weight, and qualities of the fruit were significantly increased as compared with those of the control at harvest. This showed that PE with EPNS bagging could promote the growth of guava fruit and its development. However, controlling microenvironment inside the bag during the bagging period by: 1. Increasing CO2 concentration to 0.1% - 0.7%, or lower CO2 concentration by placing CO2 absorbent inside the bag, 2. Increasing O2 to the similar concentration as the ambient atmosphere by using a straw, 3. Decreasing ethylene concentration by placing ethylene absorbent namely ethylene inhibitor 1-MCP, 4. Changing RH in the bag, 5. Cutting the amount of light by shading, all these approaches had no significant effects on fruit qualities at the time of harvest. Therefore, changing in microenvironment during bagging was not the main factor affecting guava fruit growth. PE bagging without EPNS could decrease fruit size, fruit weight, and its qualities. In fact, the microenvironment inside the bag did not change whether with or without the use of EPNS. This indicates that the growth and development of guava are related to EPNS in some subtle way. One possibility is that EPNS reacts with sunlight to produce some yet to be identified organic gases. This aspect of experiment merits further investigations.
壹、前言 1
貳、前人研究 3
一、果實生長發育 3
二、測定葉綠素螢光反應技術在果實採後生理研究上之應用 5
三、套袋對果實生長發育之影響 8
參、材料與方法 18
一、套袋對果實生長之影響 18
二、套袋對番石榴果實葉綠素螢光反應之影響 23
三、''水晶''番石榴果實套袋後袋內外溫、濕度和氣體之變化 24
四、''水晶''番石榴生長曲線之變化 25
五、遮光對果實生長及組成分之影響 25
六、相對濕度對果實生長及品質之影響 27
七、二氧化碳對果實生長及品質之影響 28
八、乙烯對果實生長及品質之影響 29
九、舒果套對果實生長及品質之影響 29
十、統計分析 30
肆、結果 31
一、不同套袋材質對果實生長及品質之影響 31
二、套袋對番石榴果實葉綠素螢光反應之影響 45
三、套袋後袋內外光照、氣體及溫濕度之變化 50
四、''水晶''番石榴果實生長速率 56
五、遮光對果實生長及品質之影響 57
六、相對濕度對果實生長及品質之影響 64
七、二氧化碳對果實生長及品質之影響 72
八、乙烯對''水晶''番石榴果實生長及品質之影響 93
九、舒果套對果實生長及品質之影響 100
伍、討論 109
摘要 114
SUMMARY 115
參考文獻 116
表目錄
表 1. 不同套袋材質套袋對''水晶''番石榴之果實生長之影響 36
表 2. 不同套袋材質套袋對''水晶''番石榴之果實品質之影響 37
表 3. 不同套袋材質套袋對''水晶''番石榴之果實果皮顏色之影響 38
表 4. 不同套袋材質套袋對''水晶''番石榴之果皮葉綠素含量之影響 39
表 5. 不同套袋材質套袋對''水晶''番石榴之果實水分含量及果皮水分潛勢之影響 40
表 6. 不同套袋材質套袋對''水晶''番石榴之果實鉀、鈣、鎂元素含量之影響 41
表 7. 不同套袋材質套袋對''水晶''番石榴之果實醣類含量之影響 42
表 8. 不同套袋材質套袋60天後對''水晶''番石榴果汁蘋果酸、檸檬酸及抗壞血酸之影響 43
表 9. 不同套袋材質套袋對''水晶''番石榴果汁果糖、葡萄糖及蔗糖之影響 43
表 10. 套袋及遮光對''水晶''番石榴果實生長之影響 59
表 11. 套袋及遮光對''水晶''番石榴果實品質之影響 60
表 12. 套袋及遮光對''水晶''番石榴果實果皮顏色之影響 60
表 13. 套袋及遮光對''水晶''番石榴果實葉綠素之影響 61
表 14. 套袋及遮光對''水晶''番石榴水分含量、乾物含量及水分潛勢之影響 61
表 15. 套袋及遮光對''水晶''番石榴果實果皮葉綠素螢光反應之影響 62
表 16. 套袋及遮光對''水晶''番石榴果實鉀、鈣及鎂含量之影響 62
表 17. 套袋及遮光對''水晶''番石榴果實醣類含量之影響 63
表 18. 套袋袋內不同相對濕度處理對''水晶''番石榴之果實生長之影響 66
表 19. 套袋袋內不同相對濕度處理對''水晶''番石榴之果實品質之影響 67
表 20. 套袋袋內不同相對濕度處理對''水晶''番石榴果皮顏色之影響 67
表 21. 套袋袋內不同相對濕度處理對''水晶''番石榴之果皮葉綠素含量之影響 68
表 22. 套袋袋內不同相對濕度處理對''水晶''番石榴之果實水分含量、乾物含量及水分潛勢之影響 68
表 23. 套袋袋內不同相對濕度處理對''水晶''番石榴之果實光照處理葉綠素螢光反應之影響(無暗處理) 69
表 24. 套袋袋內不同相對濕度對''水晶''番石榴之果實黑暗處理葉綠素螢光反應之影響(暗處理) 69
表 25. 套袋袋內不同相對濕度處理對''水晶''番石榴之果實鉀、鈣、鎂含量之影響 70
表 26. 套袋袋內不同相對濕度處理對''水晶''番石榴之果實醣類含量之影響 70
表 27. 套袋袋內不同相對濕度處理時對''水晶''番石榴之套袋內氣體之影響 71
表 28. 套袋及二氧化碳處理對''水晶''番石榴果實生長之影響 73
表 29. 套袋及二氧化碳處理對''水晶''番石榴果實品質之影響 74
表 30. 套袋及二氧化碳處理對’水晶''番石榴果皮顏色之影響 74
表 31. 套袋及二氧化碳處理對''水晶''番石榴果實葉綠素之影響 75
表 32. 套袋及二氧化碳處理對''水晶''番石榴果實果實水分含量、乾物含量及水分潛勢之影響 75
表 33. 套袋及二氧化碳處理對''水晶''番石榴果實光照處理葉綠素螢光之影響(無暗處理) 76
表 34. 套袋及二氧化碳處理對''水晶''番石榴果實黑暗處理葉綠素螢光之影響(暗處理) 76
表 35. 套袋及二氧化碳處理對''水晶''番石榴果實鉀、鈣、鎂元素含量之影響 77
表 36. 套袋及二氧化碳處理對''水晶''番石榴果實醣類含量之影響 77
表 37. 通氣及二氧化碳處理對''水晶''番石榴果實生長之影響 81
表 38. 通氣及二氧化碳處理對''水晶''番石榴果實品質之影響 81
表 39. 通氣及二氧化碳處理對''水晶''番石榴果皮顏色之影響 82
表 40. 通氣及二氧化碳處理對''水晶''番石榴果實果皮葉綠素含量之影響 82
表 41. 通氣及二氧化碳處理對''水晶''番石榴果實果實水分含量、乾物含量及水分潛勢之影響 83
表 42. 通氣及二氧化碳處理對''水晶''番石榴果實葉綠素螢光之影響 83
表 43. 通氣及二氧化碳處理對''水晶''番石榴果實元素分析之變化 84
表 44. 通氣及二氧化碳處理對''水晶''番石榴果實醣類含量之影響 84
表 45. 套袋袋內加二氧化碳吸收劑對''水晶''番石榴果實生長之影響 87
表 46. 套袋袋內加二氧化碳吸收劑對''水晶''番石榴果實品質之影響 88
表 47. 套袋袋內加二氧化碳吸收劑對''水晶''番石榴果實果皮顏色之影響 88
表 48. 套袋袋內加二氧化碳吸收劑對''水晶''番石榴果實葉綠素之影響 89
表 49. 套袋袋內加二氧化碳吸收劑對''水晶''番石榴果實果實水分含量、乾物質及水分潛勢之之影響 89
表 50. 套袋袋內加二氧化碳吸收劑對''水晶''番石榴果實葉綠素螢光之影響 90
表 51. 套袋袋內加二氧化碳吸收劑對''水晶''番石榴果實果實鉀、鈣、鎂元素含量之影響 90
表 52. 套袋袋內加二氧化碳吸收劑對''水晶''番石榴果實醣類含量之影響 91
表 53. 套袋袋內加乙烯吸收劑及1-甲基環丙烯對''水晶''番石榴果實生長之影響 94
表 54. 套袋袋內加乙烯吸收劑及1-甲基環丙烯對''水晶''番石榴果實品質之影響 95
表 55. 套袋袋內加乙烯吸收劑及1-甲基環丙烯對水晶''番石榴果皮顏色之影響 95
表 56. 套袋袋內加乙烯吸收劑及1-甲基環丙烯對''水晶''番石榴果實葉綠素含量之影響 96
表 57. 套袋袋內加乙烯吸收劑及1-甲基環丙烯對''水晶''番石榴果實水分含量、乾物質及水分潛勢之影響 96
表 58. 套袋袋內加乙烯吸收劑及1-甲基環丙烯對''水晶''番石榴果實葉綠素螢光反應之影響 97
表 59. 套袋袋內加乙烯吸收劑及1-甲基環丙烯對''水晶''番石榴果實鉀、鈣、鎂元素含量之影響 97
表 60. 套袋袋內加乙烯吸收劑及1-甲基環丙烯對''水晶''番石榴果實醣類含量之影響 98
表 61. 套袋內加舒果套對''水晶''番石榴果實生長之影響 102
表 62. 套袋內加舒果套對''水晶''番石榴果實品質之影響 103
表 63. 套袋內加舒果套對''水晶''番石榴果皮顏色之影響 103
表 64. 套袋內加舒果套對''水晶''番石榴果實葉綠素含量之影響 104
表 65. 套袋內加舒果套對''水晶''番石榴果實水分含量、乾物質及水分潛勢之影響 104
表 66. 套袋內加舒果套對''水晶''番石榴果實綠素螢光反應之影響 105
表 67. 套袋內加舒果套對''水晶''番石榴果實鉀、鈣、鎂元素含量之影響 105
表 68. 套袋內加舒果套對''水晶''番石榴果實之醣類含量之影響 106
圖目錄
圖 1. 不同套袋材質套袋對''水晶''番石榴生長發育期間果寬的影響 35
圖 2. ''水晶''番石榴果實以不同材質套袋後之袋內氣體成分變化 44
圖 3. ''水晶''番石榴果實套袋後葉綠素螢光反應之日變化 46
圖 4. ''水晶''番石榴果實向光面葉綠素螢光反應之變化 47
圖 5. ''水晶''番石榴果實背光面葉綠素螢光反應之變化 47
圖 6. ''水晶''番石榴不同材質套袋後之葉綠素螢光反應之變化(無暗處理) 48
圖 7. ''水晶''番石榴不同材質套袋後之葉綠素螢光反應之變化(暗處理) 49
圖 8. ''水晶''番石榴果實套袋後袋內外溫度之日變化 51
圖 9. ''水晶''番石榴果實套袋後袋內外相對濕度之日變化 51
圖 10. ''水晶''番石榴果實套袋後袋內外氧氣濃度日變化 52
圖 11. ''水晶''番石榴果實套袋後袋內外二氧化碳濃度日變化 52
圖 12. ''水晶''番石榴果實套袋後袋內外乙烯濃度日變化 53
圖 13. ''水晶''番石榴果實直徑與二氧化碳濃度相關性 53
圖 14. ''水晶''番石榴果實直徑與氧氣濃度相關性 54
圖 15. ''水晶''番石榴果實直徑與乙烯濃度相關性 54
圖 16. ''水晶''番石榴果園光度日變化 55
圖 17. 聚乙烯袋及網袋在各光波長的反射率 55
圖 18. ''水晶''番石榴生長曲線之變化 56
圖 19. 套袋及遮光對''水晶''番石榴生長發育期間果寬的影響 59
圖 20. 套袋袋內不同相對濕度對''水晶''番石榴生長發育期間果寬的影響 66
圖 21. 套袋及二氧化碳處理對''水晶''番石榴生長發育期間果寬的影響 73
圖 22. ''水晶''番石榴套袋及二氧化碳處理期間袋內氣體成分變化 78
圖 23. 不同二氧化碳濃度對''水晶''番石榴生長發育期間果寬的影響 80
圖 24. ''水晶''番石榴套袋後通氣及二氧化碳處理時袋內氣體成分之變化 85
圖 25. 套袋袋內加二氧化碳吸收劑對''水晶''番石榴生長發育期間果寬的影響 87
圖 26. ''水晶''番石榴套袋袋內加二氧化碳吸收劑後之袋內氣體成分變化 92
圖 27. 套袋袋內加乙烯吸收劑及1-甲基環丙烯對''水晶''番石榴生長發育期間果 94
圖 28. ''水晶''番石榴套袋袋內加乙烯吸收劑及1-甲基環丙烯後之袋內氣體成 99
圖 29. 套袋內加舒果套對''水晶''番石榴生長發育期間果寬的影響 102
圖 30. ''水晶''番石榴套袋內加舒果套處理之袋內氣體成分變化 107
圖 31. 舒果套經日照一週後內氣相層析儀之圖譜 108
王武彰。1992。番石榴採收時期對果實品質影響之研究。 中華農業研究 41: 261-270
王武彰。1995。番石榴。增修訂再版台灣農家要覽農作物篇(二) pp.51-58
王慶裕、朱德民。1992。乙烯對作物碳素固定、運轉及配置之影響。科學農業40: 227-230
於一敏、解崇斌、王沛然。2003。大棚內不同濕度管理與枇杷生長結果的關係。中國南方果樹 32: 25-26。
林芳存、林宗賢。1995。 麻豆文旦柚果實發育之研究。 台灣柑橘之研究與發展研討會專刊。台灣省農業試驗所編印 pp.79-99。
林芳存、郭銀港、呂明雄。1992。套袋對番石榴果實大小及品質之影響。嘉義農專學報 29: 37-45。
林芳存。1994。麻豆文旦果實生長發育變化及品質之研究。國立台灣大學園藝學研究所碩士論文 pp.1-8。
林慧玲。1998。番石榴果實後熟之研究。國立台灣大學園藝學研究所博士論文 pp.1-16。
邱祝櫻。1997。疏果及套袋對印度棗產量及品質之影響。高雄區農業改良場研究彙報9: 34-43。
柯立祥、翁敏雄、柯定芳、王世昌。1981。香蕉PE套袋藍色深淺對果實日燒、色澤及後熟之影響。中國園藝 27: 177-185。
柯立群、韓青梅。 1997。 金煌芒果果實生長與發育之研究。中國園藝43:1-15。
孫慧慈、楊耀祥。 1996。‘蜜紅’葡萄果實生長之研究。 興大園藝 21:13-28。
區少梅、林聖敦、林介義、溫晉慶。1993。椪柑適當採收條件之探討。 中國園藝 39:115-127。
張其德。1999。大氣中二氧化碳濃度升高對光合作用的影響(下)。植物雜誌 5:38-39。
張林仁、林嘉興。1988。葡萄果實之發育與成熟。葡萄生產技術。台中區農業改良場 編印。pp.151-162。
張哲嘉、林宗賢。1998。台灣番石榴生產之現況與改進。中國園藝 44: 116-124。
許仁宏、廖秀真、林慧玲、李國權。1998。蓮霧果實生長期間果實外部型態與內部有機成分的變化。中國園藝 44: 491-501
郭銀港、謝慶昌、李堂察、呂明雄。1995。柑橘果實發育之研究。台灣柑橘之研究與發展研討會專刊。台灣省農業試驗所編印。pp.111-117
黃子彬、楊耀祥、李金龍。1984。套袋對巨峰葡萄果實品質之影響。臺灣農業 20: 29-33。
黃阿賢。1993。套袋對文旦果實生長、品質與袋內溫度的影響。中國園藝 39: 198-208。
黃弼臣。1979。番石榴經濟果樹(下)。豐年社。台北。pp.133-150。
楊宗獻。1996。‘廿世紀’番石榴(Psidium guajava L.)果實發育之研究。國立中興大學園藝學研究所碩士論文 pp.36。
楊紹榮、黃瑞彰。2002。生物分解塑膠袋在番石榴果實套袋之研究。台南區農業改良場研究彙報 40: 46-54。
楊雅薰。1991。番石榴葉片及果實無機養分和碳水化合物濃度之調查。國立中興大學園藝學研究所碩士論文 pp.88。
農業統計年報。2002。行政院農業委員會出版。pp.103
廖玉琬、徐善德編審。1999。光線、色素:光生物學入門。植物生理學。William G.Hopkins 原著。啟英文化出版。臺灣,臺北。pp.157-160
廖秀真。1994。蓮霧果實發育期間之生理變化及果皮離體培養。 國立中興大學園藝學研究所碩士論文 pp.1-42。
熊同銓。1997。套袋對於楊桃果實品質之影響。提昇果樹產業競爭力研討會專集III。pp.11-115。
劉孟哲。1994。套袋對蜜紅葡萄著色之影響。 國立中興大學園藝學研究所碩士論文 pp.78-81。
劉銘峰。1999。果樹生產改良。台灣省台南區農業改良場87年報。 pp.1-35。
蔡竹固。1991。臺灣番石榴套袋果實瘡痂病之發生及藥劑篩選。植物保護學會刊 33: 384-394。
蔡龍銘。1986。 獼猴桃果實發育期間之生理變化。中國園藝 32:25-33。
謝慶昌。1985。楊桃果實生長調查及採收後處理之研究。國立台灣大學園藝學研究所碩士論文 pp.1-8。
謝鴻業。2000。珍珠拔與水晶拔之特性與栽培管理。高雄區農業專訊31: 16-17。
鍾立展。1998。 芒果(Mangifera indica L.)果實發育之研究。國立中興大學園藝學研究所碩士論文 pp.48-57。
中田隆人、金子友昭、坂本秀之。1972。長十郎梨に対するエスレル利用に関する試験。農業および園芸 47: 499-500。
平田尚美、林真二、井上耕介。1970。カキ果実の成熟促進。農業および園芸 45: 1273-1274。
岩堀修一、佐藤幹夫。1970。Ethrelによるカキ果実の成熟促進。農業および園芸 45: 63-64。
林真二、平田尚美、植田研一、上田豊。1970。ナシ果実の成熟促進について。農業および園芸 45: 91-92。
Abdallah, A. Y. and J. P. Paleta. 1989. Changes in biophysical and biochemical properties of cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon Ait.) fruit during growth and development. Acta Hort. 241:360-365.
Akamine E. K. and T. Goo. 1979. Respiration and ethylene production in fruits of species and cultivars of Psidium and species of Eugenia. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 104: 632-635.
Aksoy, U. 1981. Studies on fruit fruit development, maturation and cold storage of the fig (Ficus carica L.) Fruit cvs. Akc, Giklop and Sarilop. Ph. D. Thesis(Turkish). Ege Univ. Agric. Faculty, Bornova, Yzmir. pp.136.
Arakawa, O. 1991. Effect of temperature on anthocyanin accumulation in apple fruit as affected by cultivar, stage of fruit ripening and bagging. J. Hort. Sci. 66: 763-768.
Atkinson, C.J., L.P. Ruiz, and T. A. Mansfield. 1992. Calcium in xylem sap and the regulation of its delivery to the shoot. J. Exp. Bot. 43: 1315-1324.
Atta-Aly, M. A. 1988. Effect of saline growing conditions on the postharvest properties of tomatoes. PhD thesis, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture Ain Shams University, Cairo, pp.60-100.
Atta-Aly, M. A., G. S. Riad, Z. El-S. Lacheene, and A. S. El-Beltagy. 1999. Early application of ethrel extends tomato fruit cell division and increases fruit size and yield with ripening delay. J. Plant Growth Regul. 18: 15-24.
Barbera, G., G. Carimi, P. Inglese, and M. Panno. 1992. Physical, morphological and chemical changes during fruit development and ripening in three cultivars of prickly pear (Opuntia ficus-indica L. (Miller)). J. Hort. Sci. 67:307-312
Baritt,B. H., C. R. Rom, K. R. Darke, S. R. and M. A. Dilley. 1987. Canopy position and light effect on spur. leaf, and fruit characteristics of ''Delicious ''apple. HortScience. 22: 402-405.
Bentley, W. J. and M. Viveros. 1992. Brown-bagging Granny Smith apples on tree stops codling moth damage. California Agric. 46:30-32.
Berry, J. A., and W. J. S. Downton. 1992 Environmental regulation of photosynthesis. In: govindjee, (eds). Photosynthesis, VolⅡ. Development, Carbon Metabolism, and Plant productivity. New York.: Academic press. pp.263-343.
Biale, J. B. and R. E. Young. 1981. Respiration and ripening in fruit-retrospect and prospect. In: “Recent Advances in the Biochemistry of Fruits and Vegetables.” Friend, J. and M.J.C. Rhodes (eds). Rhodes Academic Press. London. pp.1-39.
Blanpied, G. D. 1972. A study of ethylene in apple, red raspberry and cherry. Plant Physiol 49: 627-630.
Bowes, G. 1993. Facing the inevitable: plant and increasing atmospheric CO2. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 44:309-332.
Bowes, G. 1993. Facing the inevitable: plants and increasing atmospheric CO2. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 44:309-/332.
Burg, S. P. and E. A. Burg. 1965. Ethylene action and the ripening of fruits. Science 148: 1190-1196.
Byers, R. E., H. C. Dostal, and F. H. Emerson. 1969. Regulation of fruit growth with 2-chloroethanephosphonic acid. BioSciene. 19: 903-904.
Chalmers, D. J., B. V. D. Ende, and P. H. Jerie. 1976. The effect of (2-chloroethyl) phosphonic acid on the sink strength of developing peach (Prunus persica L.) fruit. Planta 131: 203-205.
Choe, H. T. and M. Whang. 1986. Effects of ethephon on aging and photosynthetic activity in isolated chloroplasts. Plant Physiol. 80: 305-309.
Choi, J. H., G.. C. Chung, and S. H. Lee. 1999. Influence of night humidity on the distribution of calcium and sap flow in tomato plants. J. Plant Nutri. 22: 281-290.
Clarkson, D.T. 1984. Calcium transport between tissues and its distribution in the plant. Plant Cell Envir. 7: 449-456.
Coombe, B. G. 1976. The development of fleshy fruits. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 27:507-528.
Cuevas, J., F. J. Salvador-Sola, J. Gavilan, N. Lorente, J. J. Hueso, and C. M. Gonzalez-Padierna. 2003. Loquat fruit sink strength and growth pattern. Sci. Hort. 98: 131-137.
Datta, M. N. and S. K. Mukherjee. 1980. Studies on the changes during growth and development of guava (Psidium guajava L.). Indian J. Hort. 3:211-219.
DeEll, J. R., O. V. Kooten, R. K. Prange, and D. P. Murr. 1999. Applications of chlorophyll fluorescence techniques in postharvest physiology. Hort. Rev. 23:69-107.
DeEll, J. R., R. K. Prange, and D. P. Murr. 1995. Chlorophyll fluorescence as a potential indicator of controlled-atmosphere disorders in ‘Marshall’ McIntosh apples. HortScience. 30:1084-1085.
Dhillon, B. S. S. N. Singh and S. S. Gill1987 Development physiology of guava (Psidium guajava L.). Punjab Hort. J. 27: 28-33.
Drake, B. G. and M. A. Gonzalez-Meler, and S. P. Long. 1997. More efficient plants: a consequence of rising atmospheric CO2?. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 48:609-/639.
Dussi, M. C. and D. Sugar. 1995. Characterizing and quantifying anthocyanins in red pears and effect of light quality on fruit color. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 120: 785-789.
Ehret, D., L. Helmer, and J. W. Hall. 1993. Cuticle Cracking in tomato fruit. J. Hort. Sci. 68:195-201.
El-Beltagy, A. S., J. P. Patrick, E. W. Hewett, and M. A. Hall.1976. Endogenous plant growth regulator levels in tomato fruits during development. J. Hort. Sci. 51: 15-30.
El-Buluk, R. E., E. E. Babiker, and A. H. E. Tinay. 1995. Biochemical and physical changes in fruits of four guava cultivars during growth and development. Food Chem. 54: 279-282.
Escobar-GutieÂrrez, A. J. and J. P. GaudilleÁere. 1997. Carbon partitioning in source leaves of peach, a sorbitol-synthesizing species, is modified by photosynthetic rate. Physiol. Plant. 100:353-60.
Fallahi, E., W. M. Colt, C. R. Baird, B. Fallahi, and I. J. Chun. 2001. Influence of nitrogen and bagging on fruit quality and mineral concentrations of ” BC-2 Fuji” Apple. HortTechnology. 11: 463-466.
Fan, X. and J. P. Mattheis. 1998. Bagging ‘Fuji’ apples during fruit development affects color development and storage quality. HortScience. 33: 1235-1238.
Faragher, J. D. 1983. Temperature regulation of anthocyanin accumulation in apple skin. J. Exp. Bot. 34: 1291-1298.
Finn G. A. and W. A. Burn.1982.Effect of atmospheric CO2 enrichment on growth nonstructural carbohydrate content and root nodule activity in soybean. Plant Physiol. 69: 327-331.
Fisher, B. U., U. A. Frehner, G. R. Hendrey, H. Blum, and J. Nosberger. 1997. Source-sink relations in Lilium perenne L. as reflected by carbohydrate concentrations in leaves and pseudo-stem during regrowth in a free air carbon dioxide enrichment (FACE) experiment. Plant Cell Environ. 20:945-952.
Guan, H. P. and H. W. Janes. 1991. Light regulation of sink metabolism in tomato fruit. II. Carbohydrate metabolizing enzymes. Plant physiol. 96: 922-927.
Gunjate, R. T., B. P. Walimbe, B. L. Lad, and V. P. Limaye. 1982. Development of internal breakdown in Alphonso mango by post-harvest exposure of fruits to sunlight. Sci. Culture 48: 188-190.
Heaton, J. W. and A. G. Marangoni. 1996 Chlorophyll degradation in procesded foods and senescent plant tissues. Trends in Food Science and Technology January 7:8-15
Ho, L.C. 1989. Environmental effects on the diurnal accumulation of 45Ca by young fruit and leaves of tomato plants. Ann. Bot. 63: 281-288.Joyce,
Ho, L.C., R. Belda, M. Brown, J. Andrews, and P. Adams. 1993. Uptake and transport of calcium and the possible causes of blossom-end rot in tomato. J. Exp. Bot. 259: 509-518.
Hofman, P. J., L. G. Smith, D. C. Joyce, G.. I. Johnson, and G. F. Meiburg. 1997. Bagging of mango(Mangifera indica cv. ‘Keitt’) fruit influences fruit quality and mineral composition. Post. Bio. Tech. 12: 83-91.
Howard, F. W. 1986. Protection of guava fruit from Caribbean fruit fly by netting . Fruits. 41:624-624
Huang, H. and J. Xu. 1983. The development pattern of fruit tissues and their correlative relationship in Litchi chinensis Sonn. Sci. Hort.19 :335-342.
Idso, S. B., and B. A. Kimball.1991. Dow-nward regulation of photosynthesis and growth at high CO2 levels. J. Plant Physiol. Sci. 96:990-992.
Islam, M. S., T. Matsui, and Y. Yoshida. 1996. Effect of carbon dioxide enrichment on physico-chemical and enzymatic changes in tomato fruits at various stages of maturity. Sci. Hort. 65:137-149.
Ito, J., S. Hasegawa, K. Fujita, S. Ogasawara, and T. Fujiwara. 1999. Effect of CO2 enrichment on fruit growth and quality in Japanese pear. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 45:385-393.
Ito, J., S. Hasegawa, K. Fujita, S. Ogasawara, and T. Fujiwara. 2002. Changes in water relations induced by CO2 enrichment govern diurnal stem and fruit diameters of Japanese pear. Plant Sci. 163:1169-/1176.
Jacobi, K. K., Elspeth A. M., and Suzan E. H. 1998. Early detection of abnormal skin ripening characteristics of ‘Kensington’ mango (Mangifera indica Linn). Sci. Hort. 72:215-225.
Jang, Y., D. C. Joyce, and A. J. Macnsh. 1999. Extension of the shelf life of banana fruit by 1-methylcyclopropene in combination with polyethylene bags Postharvest Bio. Tech. 16:187-193.
Jiang, G. M., G. H. Lin, and D. V. Lin. 1997. Changes in stomatal conductance, transpiration and water use efficiency of ten species experienced in high CO2 concentrations in Biosphere2. Acta. Bot. Sin. 39:546-553.
Johns, G.. G.. and K. J. Scott. 1989. Delayed harvesting of bananas with ''sealed'' covers in bunches: Effect on fruit yield and quality. Aust. J. Exp. Agric. 29:727-733.
Johnson, R. W., M. A. Dixon, and D. R. Lee. 1992. Water relations of the tomato during fruit growth. Plant Cell Environ. 15:947-953.
Jones, P., J. W. Jones, I. H. Allen, and Jr. 1985. Seasonal carbon and water balances of soybean grown under stress treatments in sunlit Chambers. Trans. ASAF 28:2021-2028.
Joyce, D. C., D. R. Beasley, and A. J. Shorter. 1997. Effect of preharvest bagging on fruit calcium levels, and storage and ripening characteristics of ‘Sensation’ mangos. Aust. Exper. Agri. 37: 383-389.
Ju, Z. 1998. Fruit bagging, a useful method for studying anthocyanin synthesis and gene expression in apples. Sci. Hort. 77: 155-164.
Ju, Z. G., Y. B. Yuan, C. L. Liou, and S. H. Xin. 1995. Relationships among phenylalanine ammonia-lyase activity, simple phenol concentrations and anthocyanin accumulation in apple. Sci. Hort. 61: 215-226.
Kalra, S. K. and D. K. Tandon. 1993. Fruit growth and development in mango. pp.1011-1129. In ‘Advances in horticulture. ‘Vol. 3-Fruit Crop. (eds.) K.L. Chadha. and O. P. Pareek
Kawashima, N., H. Yamamoto, T. Kurozumi, K. Tanigawa, and Y. Tanaka. 1993. Studies on the CO2 enrichment in a greenhouse. Effect on growth of some fruit vegetables. Bull. Nara. Agril. Exp. Sta. 24:24-30.
Kikuchi, t., O. Arakawa, and R. N. Norton 1997. Imported skin color of ''Fuji'' apples in Japan. Fruit Varieties. J. 51: 71-75
Kimball, B. A. and S. T. Mitchell. 1979. Tomato yield from CO2 enrichment in unventilated and conventionally ventilated greenhouses. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 104:515-520.
Knee, M. and F. L. Finger. 1992. NADP+ malic enzyme and organic acid levels in developing tomato fruit. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 117:799-801.
Kume, Y. and T. Kudo. 1982. Studies on the cultivation of Fuji apples without baggingⅠ. Factors affecting improvement of fruit quality. Bull. Akita. Fruit Tree Sta. 14:1-17
Lambers, H., F. S. Chapin and T. L. Pons. 2000. Plant Physiology Ecology. Maple-Vaol Book Manufacturing Group, York, PA.
Lee, S. k. and R. E. Young. 1983. Growth measurement as an indication of avocado maturity. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 108:395-397.
Lester, S. K. and J. R. Dunlap. 1985. Physiological changes during development and ripening of ‘Perlita’ muskmelon fruit. Sci. Hort. 26:323-331.
Li, S. H., M. Genard, C. Bussi, J. G. Huguet, R. Habib, J. Besset, and R. Laurent. 2001. Fruit quality and leaf photosynthesis in response to microenvironment modification around individual fruit by covering the fruit with plastic in nectarine and peach trees. J. Hort. Sci. Bio. 76: 61-69.
Looney, N. E., W. B. McGlasson, B. G. Coombe. 1974. Control of fruit ripening in peach, Prunus persica: action of succinic acid, 2-dimethylhydrazide and 2-chloroethyl. phosphonic acid. Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 1: 77-82.
Lu, C. M., Q. D. Zhang, L. J. Feng, and T. Y. Kuage. 1997. Effect of doubled CO2 concentration on content of photosynthetic pigment and PSⅡ functions of jointing and grouting in staria italica. Acta Bot. Sin. 39:874-878.
Makino, A. 1994. Biochemistry of C3-photosynthesis in high CO2. J. Plant Res. 107:79-84.
Masuda, T., K. Fujita, and S. Ogata. 1989. Effect of CO2 enrichment and nitrate application on growth and dinitrogen fixation of wild and cultivated soybean plants during pod-filling stage, Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 35:405-416.
Masuda, T., K. Fujita, and S. Ogata. 1989. Effect of CO2.enrichment and nitrate application on growth and dinitrogen fixation of wild and cultivated soybean plants during pod-filling stage. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 35:405-416.
Maxie, E. C. and J. C. Crane. 1967. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid: Effect on ethylene production by fruits and leaves of fig tree. Science 155: 1548-1550.
Maxie, E. C. and J. C. Crane. 1968.: Effect on ethylene on growth and maturation of the fig, Ficus carica L. fruit. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 92: 255-267.
McGlasson, W. B. 1985. Ethylene and fruit ripening. HortScience. 20: 51-54.
McMurchie, E. J., W. B. McGlasson, and I. L. Eaks. 1972. Treatment of fruit with information about the biogenesis of ethylene. Nature 237: 235-236.
Mercado-Silav, D., P, Benito-Bautista, and M. A. Garcia-Velasco. 1998. Fruit development, harvest index and ripening changes of guavas produced in central Mexico. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 13: 143-150.
Merzlyak, M. V. and O. B. Chivkunova. 2000. Light-stress-induced pigment changes and evidence for anthocyanin photoprotection in apples. J. Photochem. Photobiol. B:Biol. 55: 155-163.
Metzidakis, I. T. and E. Z. Sfaiotakis. 1995. Physiological disorders induced by low oxygen on avocado fruits. Acta Hort. 379: 397-403.
Mill, T. M., M. H. Behboudian, P. Y. Tan, and B. E. Clothier. 1994. Plant water status and fruit quality in ‘Braeburn’ apples. HortScience 29: 1274-1278.
Mink, G.. I. 1973. The apple industry in Japan. HorScience. 8:81-86.
Mitcham, E. T. and R.E. McDonald. 1993. Respiration rate, internal atmosphere and ethanol and
Moriguchi, T., K. Abe, T. Sanada, and S. Yamaki. 1992. Levels and role of surcrose synthase, sucrose-phosphate synthase, and acid invertase in sucrose accumulation in fruit of Asian pear. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 117:274-278.
Morison, J. I. L. 1985. Sensitivity of stomata and water use efficiency to high CO2. Plant Cell Environ. 8:467-/474.
Mowlah, G.. and S. Itoo. 1982. Guava (Psidium guajava L.) sugar components and related enzymes at stages of fruit development and ripening. Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gakkaishi. 29:472-476.
Murray, D. P. 1995. Plant responses to carbon dioxide. Amer. J. Bot. 82:690-697.
Nedbal, L., J. Soukupova, J. Whitmarsh, and M. Trtilek. 2000. Postharvest imaging of chlorophyll fluorescence from lemons can be used to predict fruit quality. Photosynthetica. 38: 571-579.
Nii, N. 1997. Changes of starch and sorbitol in leaves before and after removal of fruits from peach trees. Ann. Bot. 79:139-144.
Nitsch, J. P. 1953. The physiology of fruit growth. Ann.Rew.Plant Physiol.4:199-227.
Okamoto, T. J. Harata, F. Naara, A. Osu, and K. Kovayashi. 1982. Influence of fruit bag treatment in the tree upon the keeping quality of apples during storage. Bull. Fac. Afr. Hirosaki. Univ. 38:43-64.
Paull, R. E., N. J. Chen, J. Deputy, H. Huang, G. Cheng, F. Parkash, and S. Ran. 1984. Litchi growth and compositional changes during fruit development. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 109:817-821.
Paull, R. E. and T. Goo. 1983. Relationship of guava (Psidium guajava L.) fruits detachment force to the stage of fruit development and chemical composition. HortScience 18: 65-67.
Pocasangre, E. H. E., F. L. Finger, R. S. Barros, and R. Puschmann. 1995. Development and ripening of yellow passion fruit. J. Hort. Sci. 70:575-576.
Pritchard, S. G., Z. L. Ju, and E. V. Santen. 2000. The influence of elevated CO2 on the activities of antioxidative enzyes in two soybean genotypes. Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 27:1061-1068.
Proctor, J. T. A. and E. C. Lougheed. 1976. The effect of covering apples during development. HorScience. 11:108-109.
Purvis A. C., and N. Barmore. 1981 Involvement of ethylene in chlorophyll degradation in peel of citrus fruit. Plant Physiol. 68:854-856.
Rathore, D. S. 1976 Effect of season on the growth and chemical composition of guava (Psidium guajava L.)fruits. J. Hor. Sci. 51:41-47
Reay, P. F., R. H. Flectcher, and V. J. Thomas. 1998. Chlorophylls, carotenoids and anthocyanin concentrations in the skin of ‘Gala’ apples during maturation and the influence of foliar applications of nitrogen and magnesium. J. Sci. Food Agric. 76: 63-71.
Robinson, D. W. 1974. Commercial horticulture in Japan. Scientia Hort. 25:56-63.
Shimokawa, K., A. Sakanoshita; A. K. Horiba. 1978. Ethylene-induced changes of chloroplast structure in satsuma mandarin. Plant cell physiol. 19: 229-236.
Smillie, R. M. 1992. Calvin cycle activity in fruit and the effect of heat stress. Sci. Hort. 51: 83-95.
Smillie, R. M., S. E. Hetheringtion, R. Nott, G. T. Chaplin, and N. L. Wade. 1987. Applications of chlorophyll fluorescence to the postharvrst physiology and storage of mango and banana fruit and chilling tolerance of mango cultivars. Asean Food J. 3:55-59.
Song, J., Lihua F., Charles F. F., and Michael A. J. 2001. Using volatile emissions and chlorophyll fluorescence as indicators of heat injury in apples. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 126: 771-777
Song, J., W. Deng, R. M. Beaudry, and P. R. Armstrong. 1997. Changes in chlorophyll fluorescence of apple fruit during maturation, ripening, and senescence. HortScience. 32:891-896.
Sricastava, H. C. and P. Narasimhan. 1967. Physiological studies during the growth and development of different varieties of guava (Psidium guajava L.). J. Hor. Sci. 42:97-104
Stronach, I. M., S. C. Clifford, and A. D. Mohamed, P. R. Singleton-Jones, S.N. Azam-Ali, and N.M.J. Crout. 1994. The effects of elevated carbon dioxide, temperature and soil moisture on the water use of stands of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). J. Exp. Bot. 45:1633-1638.
Tahaon, A. A. and D. W. Kretchman. 1980. Effect of daminozide and ethephon on transplant quality, plant growth and development, and yield of processing tomatoes. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 105: 705-709.
Taiz, L. and Zeiger. 1998. Photosynthesis:Carbon reactions. Plant Physiology 2nd Edition, pp.195-225.
Takagi, T., H. Mukai, T Ichikawa, and T. Suzyki. 1994. Effects of temperature and sugar accumulation in fruit on color development of Satsuma mandarin. J. Jpn. Soc. Hort. Sci. 62:725-731.
Taylor, M. R., E. Rabe, M. C. Dodd.1993. Influence of sampling date and position in the tree on mineral nutrients. Maturity and gel breakdown in cold stored ''Songold'' plums. Scientia Hort. 54:131-141.
Tombesi, A., E. Antognozzi, and A. Palliotti. 1993. Influence of light exposure on characteristics and storage life on kiwifruit. New Zealand J. Crop. Hort. Sci. 21:87-92.
Tsantilli, E. 1990. Changes during development of ‘Tsapela’ fig fruit. Sci. Hort. 44:227-234.
Tyas, J. A., P. J. Hofman, S. J. R. Underhill, and K. L. Bell. 1998. Fruit canopy position and panicle bagging affects yield and quality of ‘Tai So’ lychee. Sci. Hort. 72: 203-213.
Wang, H., O. Arakawa, and Y. Motomura. 2000. Influence of maturity and bagging on the relationship between anthocyanin accumulation and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase(PAL) activity in ‘Jonathan’ apples. Post. Bio. Tech. 19: 123-128.
Wang, S. Y., J. A. Bunce, and J. L. Maas. 2003. Elevated carbon dioxide increases contents of antioxidant compounds in field-grown strawberries. J. Agric. Food Chem. 51:4315-4320.
Wen D. Z. 1997. Recent studies on plant water use efficiency under elevated atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide. J. Trop. Subtrop. Bot. 5:83-90
Willam, H. 2001. An important factor controlling the sucrose content of the guard cell apoplast of broard bean. J. Plant Physiol. 126:1716-1719.
Yamaki, S. and T. Moriguchi.1989.seadinal fluctuation of sorbitol related enzymes and invertase activities accompanying of Japanese pear (Pyrus serotina Rehder var. culta Rehder) fruit. J. Jpn. Soc. Hort. Sci. 57:602-607.
Yen C. and K. Koch. 1990. Developmental changes in translocation and localization of 14C-labeled assimilates in grapefruit. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 115: 815-819.
Yip, W. K., and S. Q.. Song. 1997. Effect of Fe2+ and CO2 on ACC oxidase from papaya fruit. Acta. Sci. Natur. Univ. Sunyatseni. 36:18-21.
Yusof, S. and S. Mohamed. 1987. Physico-chemical changes in guava (Psidium gajava L.) during development and maturation. J. Sci. Food Agr.38:31-39.
Zeroni, M., S. B. Yehoshua, and J. Galil. 1972. Relationship between ethylene and the growth of Ficus sycomorus. Plant Physiol. 50: 378-381.
Ziska, H. 1992. Intraspecific variation in the response of rice(Oryza sativa) to increased CO2-photosyntheetic, biomass and reproductive characteristics. Plant Physiol. 84:269-276.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top