跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(18.208.186.139) 您好!臺灣時間:2022/05/29 04:04
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:陳如玉
研究生(外文):Ju-yu Chen
論文名稱:台灣已婚婦女就業間斷與薪資所得關係之實證研究
論文名稱(外文):The relationship between women salary and labor force intermittence in Taiwan
指導教授:陶宏麟陶宏麟引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hung-lin Tao
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東吳大學
系所名稱:經濟學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2005
畢業學年度:93
語文別:中文
論文頁數:54
中文關鍵詞:婦女薪資婦女就業聯立模型婦女就業間斷期間樣本選擇模型
外文關鍵詞:women salarylabor force intermittencesample selection modelsimutaneous-equation model
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:6
  • 點閱點閱:537
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:4
台灣婦女常因面臨家庭角色的衝突而較有不連續的就業特性,使得其就業現象受到政府與學術界的重視,為了研究台灣婦女薪資與就業間斷的關係,本文透過民國92年行政院主計處「台灣地區人力資源訪問表」暨「台灣地區婦女婚育與就業調查表」的原始資料,以Mincer&Polachek(1974)提出的人力資本薪資方程式為依據去延伸修增各變數,為避免產生樣本選擇性偏誤,先利用樣本選擇模型去估計「婦女是否就業」、「婦女薪資」、以及「婦女就業間斷期間」的單一迴歸式,再將「婦女薪資」與「婦女就業間斷期間」加以聯立,探討婦女就業間斷期間、薪資所得與各相關變數彼此之關係。本文另外加入科系別變數,一併探討女性在高等教育是否因修讀科系的不同,直接影響其未來的職業與所得。
實證結果顯示:(1)丈夫薪資越高、教育程度越高、子女數越高、居住都市化地區,均提昇婦女就業的機率;而年齡越高、有學齡前子女、丈夫薪資高到某一個程度後,則會降地婦女就業的機率。(2)在婦女薪資估計式中,教育年數、年齡對婦女薪資有正向的顯著影響,且婦女年齡高至某一程度後,造成婦女薪資產生邊際報酬遞減現象,而大型企業的婦女薪資比小型企業高;從事金融保險行業的婦女薪資最高;就讀教育科系,提昇婦女薪資最為顯著;理工農醫專長工作間斷的代價最高。(3)在婦女就業間斷估計式中,子女數越多、年齡越高、有學齡前子女,顯著提高婦女就業間斷期間;而丈夫薪資越高、教育年數、居住都市化地區、具有大專以上教育程度,顯著降低婦女就業間斷期間。(4)在婦女薪資與就業間斷期間的關係實証得出,婦女薪資與就業間斷期間彼此互為負向關係。
Caused by facing family role conflict, the discontinuous employment properties of women in Taiwan, is studied by the government and academic. To explore the relationship between women salary and labor force intermittence, this thesis use the data from Manpower Survey and Women’s Marriage, Fertility and Employment Survey of Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan in year 2003 and based on human-capital earning function of Mincer & Polachek(1974). To avoid sample selection bias, we estimate the simple regression of women labor participation, women salary and labor force intermittence first. Then, by using simultaneous equations of women salary and labor force intermittence, we can retrieve the relations among all variables. We also put departments’ variables in order to see whether departments’ in higher education truly and directly affect the women’s occupation and income in the future.
Several findings are revealed from the analysis of the results:
(1) It elevates the probability of women’s employment if the higher incomes their husbands get, the higher education degree they get, the more children they have, and living in urban; and reduces the probability of women’s employment by the elder age, having preschool children, certain high degree incomes their husbands get.
(2) In simple regression of women salary, higher education and the elder age enormously positive affect the women salary. And, aged women also have declining in marginal return of women salary. The larger enterprises, the higher women salary: women in financial and insurance industries or get education degree get higher payment; the specialists in science, engineer and agriculture pay the highest opportunity cost of their labor force intermittence.
(3) In simple regression of labor force intermittence, it enormously enhances the period of labor force intermittence if the more children and the preschool kids they have, or the elder age they are. On the other hand, living in urban, the higher education and the better payment their husbands get obviously shorten the period of labor force intermittence.
(4) Eventually, we find the negative relationship of women salary and labor force intermittence.
目錄
第一章 緒論 ………………………………………………………………… 1
第一節 研究動機與目的………………………………………………… 1
第二節 研究方法與本文架構…………………………………………… 3
第二章 文獻回顧 ……………………………………………………………… 5
第一節 婦女勞動參與之文獻回顧 ……………………………………… 5
第二節 婦女薪資與就業間斷之文獻回顧 ……………………………… 6
第三章 理論與模型 …………………………………………………………… 9
第一節 婦女勞動供給理論 ……………………………………………… 9
第二節 婦女薪資結構與就業間斷理論………………………………… 10
第三節 樣本選擇模型…………………………………………………… 18
第四節 聯立模型………………………………………………………… 20
第四章 實證模型與結果分析………………………………………………… 24
第一節 模型設定與變數預期…………………………………………… 24
第二節 樣本基本特性…………………………………………………… 30
第三節 實證結果與分析………………………………………………… 32
第五章 結論 ………………………………………………………………… 47
參考文獻……………………………………………………………………… 50
參考文獻
于若蓉與朱敬一(1988),「婦女勞動參與對生育行為之影響-兩制內生轉換模型之應用」,經濟論文叢刊,16(2),225-249。
朱志華(2001),台灣地區已婚婦女薪資與就業間斷關係之研究,私立文化大學經濟研究所碩士論文。
行政院主計處(2003),「台灣地區婦女婚育與就業調查」。
姜雅玲(1997),已婚女性所得與就業間斷之聯立模型:台灣的實證研究,國立政治大學經濟研究所碩士論文。
張素梅(1976),「台灣生育率決定因素的分析」,國立台灣大學法學院社會科學論叢,25,399-412。
張素梅(1978),「台灣都市生育水準對婦女勞動參與行為的影響」,經濟論文叢刊,8,227-273。
張清溪(1980),「結婚生育與子女數對有偶婦女勞動供給的影響」,經濟論文叢刊,9(2)167-223。
蔡青龍(1988),「婦女勞動再參與的初步分析」,經濟論文叢刊,16(2),149-174。
羅紀瓊(1986),「已婚婦女勞動參與的再思」,經濟論文叢刊,14(1),113-130。
譚令蒂與于若蓉(1997),「幼兒看護與婦女勞動供給-勞動市場進入成本模型之應用」,經濟論文叢刊,25(4),493-520。
Becker, G. S. (1965), ”A theory of the Allocation of Time, ” Economic Journal, 75(4), 493-517.
Ben-Porath, Y. (1967), ”The Production of Human Capital and the Life Cycle of Earnings, ” Journal of Political Economy, 75, 352-365.
Corcoran, M. E. (1977), ”Work Experience, Labor Force Withdrawals and Women’s Wages: Empirical Results Using 1976 Panel of Income Dynamics,” in Women in the labor Market, edited by Cynthia B. Lloyd , Emily S. Andrews, and Curtis L. Golroy, 217-245.
Heckman, J. (1979), ”Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error, ” Econometrica , 47, 153-162.
Johnston, J. and J. DiNardo (1997), Econometric Methods. 4thed, New York: McGraw-Hill.
Kim, M. and S. W. Polachek (1994), ”Panel Estimates of Male-Female Earning Function,”Journal of Human Resources, 29(2), 406-428.
Mincer,, J (1962), ”Labor Force Participation of Married Women: A Study of Labor Supply,”in Aspects of Labor Economics, edited by H. G. Lewis, 63-79.
Mincer, J (1974), Schooling, Experience, and Earnings, New York: Columbia University Press for the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Mincer, J. and S. Polachek (1974), ”Family Investment in Human Capital: Earnings of Women, ”Journal of Political Economy, 82(2), s76-s108.
Mincer, J. and S. Polachek (1978), ”Women’s Earnings Reexamined, ” Journal of Human Resource, 13, 118-134.
Mincer, J. and H. Ofek (1982), ”Interrupted Work Careers: Depreciation and Restoration of Human Capital,”Journal of Humen Resources, 3-24.
Polachek, S. W. (1975), ”Differences in Expected Post-School Investment as A Determinant of Market Wage Differentials, ”International Economic Review, 16(2), 451-470.
Sandell, S. H. and D. Shapiro (1978), ”An Exchange: The Theory of Human Capital and the Earnings of Women: A Reexamination of the Evidence, ”Journal of Human Resource, 13, 103-117.
Wooldrige, J. M. (2003), Introductory to Econometrics.2nd edition.Mason: South-W estern.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top