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研究生:李豐展
研究生(外文):FENG-CHAN LEE
論文名稱:台北市國小教師教學信念、學校環境因素與資訊科技融入教學實施成效之相關研究
論文名稱(外文):The effectiveness of integrating information technology into teaching in public elementary schools of Taipei city, and the relationship of teacher's teaching belief, environment factor of schools.
指導教授:林信榕林信榕引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shinn-Rong Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:學習與教學研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:116
中文關鍵詞:資訊科技融入教學實施成效教師教學信念教師專業發展
外文關鍵詞:effectivenessprofessional developmentintegrating information technology into teaching
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摘 要
本研究之研究目的為瞭解台北市公立國民小學教師對於資訊科技融入教學實施成效的知覺,並探討教師教學信念、學校環境因素、教師背景變項與實施成效知覺之相關。研究母群為來自九十四學年度台北市88間公立國民小學的教師,研究樣本採系統抽樣的方式,抽取每校正式合格教師總額之5﹪做為問卷發放對象,共計抽取361名教師。
本研究所使用的研究工具包括「影響教師資訊科技融入教學實施量表」、「資訊科技融入教學實施成效量表」,資料分析方式包括:描述統計、信度分析、皮爾森積差相關分析、半淨相關複迴歸分析與逐步複迴歸分析,並於完成問卷資料分析後,選取五位教師進行訪談,以補充說明量化研究結果。
本研究結果如下:
一、「政策暨軟硬體資源」、「教師專業發展」及「教學年資」等三個變項均與「教師資訊科技融入教學實施成效」達顯著正相關。
二、「政策暨軟硬體資源」、「教師專業發展」及「教學年資」等三個因素共解釋了「教師資訊科技融入教學實施成效」16.2%的變異量。「教學年資」可以單獨解釋變異量為3.6﹪。
三、經由多元逐步複迴歸分析方面,「教師專業發展」、「政策暨軟硬體資源」與「教學年資」為預測「教師資訊科技融入教學實施成效」的因子,這些因素共解釋了14.4﹪的變異量。
四、學校政策暨軟硬體資源的支持,為教師實施資訊科技融入教學的基礎。
五、專業發展需能夠與實務經驗結合,並且引發教師的內在動機。
六、教師豐富的教學經驗,有助於資訊科技融入的實施成效。
七、教師教學信念中「教學取向」,並非扮演重要因素。
最後依據研究結果提出對資訊科技融入教學的推動及未來研究的建議。
ABSTRACT:
The purposes of this study are to investigate (1)the effectiveness of integrating information technology into teaching in public elementary schools of Taipei city, and (2)the relationship of teacher’s teaching belief, environment factor of schools, teacher’s background variables and the effectiveness of integrating information technology into teaching. Systematic random selection was used in the sampling plan of the study. The sample sized is 361. Mail survey is used to collect data. A serious of quantitative techniques are used to analyze the data collected.
The key findings of this study are:
1. (1)Policy, hardware and software resource have moderate relationship with effectiveness.(2)Teacher professional development has moderate relationship with effectiveness.(3)Teaching seniority has low relationship with effectiveness.
2. In semi-partial multiple regression analysis, three variables explained 16.2﹪of variance.
3. In stepwise multiple regression analysis, three variables are the predictors of the effectiveness, they explained 14.4﹪of variance.
4. The supports of policy, hardware and software resource from school administration are the important factors for integrating information technology into teaching.
5. Faculty development needs to be cooperated with teachers’ instructional experience and arise to teachers’ intrinsic motivation.
6. Abundant teaching experience is helpful to effectiveness of integrating information technology into teaching.
7. Teachers’ beliefs are important for integrating information technology into their own teaching, whereas instructional trend is not a critical factor to motivate teachers.
Several suggestions are recommended at the end of the thesis.
目 錄
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究背景與動機………………………………………1
第二節 研究目的與問題………………………………………8
第三節 名詞釋義………………………………………………9
第四節 研究限制………………………………………………11
第二章 文獻探討
第一節 資訊科技融入教學……………………………………13
第二節 教師教學信念…………………………………………25
第三節 學校環境因素…………………………………………34
第三章 研究設計
第一節 研究架構………………………………………………43
第二節 研究假設………………………………………………44
第三節 研究對象………………………………………………45
第四節 研究工具………………………………………………45
第五節 資料處理與分析………………………………………52
第六節 資料分析流程…………………………………………54
第七節 教師訪談內容設計……………………………………55
第八節 研究程序………………………………………………56
第四章 研究結果
第一節 基本統計資料分析……………………………………57
第二節 問卷效度、信度及項目分析…………………………60
第三節 教師教學信念、學校環境與資訊科技融入教學實施成效之描述性統 計…………………………66
第四節 教學信念、學校環境、背景變項與實施成效之相關分析…………………………………………………68
第五節 半淨相關與多元逐步複迴歸分析……………………71
第六節 開放性問答暨資料訪談分析…………………………74
第五章 結論、討論與建議
第一節 研究結論………………………………………………87
第二節 研究結果討論…………………………………………88
第三節 研究建議………………………………………………92
參考文獻…………………………………………………………… 97
附錄一:問卷發展專家名單 106
附錄二:台北市國小教師資訊科技融入教學實施成效調查問卷 107


表目次
表1 教師教學取向分類表………………………………………… 27
表2 資訊科技融入教學因素量表效、信度分析摘要表………… 47
表3 資訊科技融入教學因素題目項目分析摘要表……………… 49
表4 教師專業發展因素重新設計題項表………………………… 50
表5 資訊科技融入教學實施成效項目分析量表………………… 51
表6 訪談大綱……………………………………………………… 55
表7 有效樣本教師性別之次數與百分比摘要表………………… 57
表8 有效樣本教師教學年資之次數與百分比摘要表…………… 58
表9 有效樣本教師教育程度之次數與百分比摘要表…………… 59
表10 有效樣本教師任教類別之次數與百分比摘要表………… 59
表11 有效樣本教師任教學校規模之次數與百分比摘要表…… 60
表12 影響教師資訊科技融入教學相關因素分析結果摘要表… 61
表13 影響教師資訊科技融入教學因素之信度與對應之題項… 63
表14 影響教師資訊科技融入教學因素項目分析檢定摘要表… 64
表15 資訊科技融入教學實施成效題項項目分析摘要表……… 65
表16 資訊科技融入教學實施成效之描述性統計摘要表……… 66
表17 教學信念與學校環境因素之描述統計摘要表…………… 67
表18 教學信念、學校環境與實施成效相關分析摘表……………68
表19 背景變項與實施成效關聯分析摘要表…………………… 69
表20 影響資訊科技融入教學實施成效半淨相關複迴歸分析摘要表……………………………………………………… 71
表21 影響資訊科技融入教學實施成效多元逐步回歸分析摘要表…………………………………………………………72
表22 研究假設檢定結果彙整表………………………………… 73
表23 受訪教師基本資料摘要表………………………………… 74
表24 資訊科技融入教學對於教學助益摘要表………………… 75
表25 資訊科技融入教學實施障礙摘要表……………………… 80

圖目次
圖1 研究架構……………………………………………………… 43
圖2 本研究量化資料分析流程圖………………………………… 54
圖3 本研究之研究流程圖………………………………………… 56
圖4 教學年資單獨解釋量示意圖………………………………… 72
圖5 影響教師資訊科技融入教學實施成效相關因素修正模式圖 88
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