跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.200.86.95) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/05/28 08:15
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:許馨尹
研究生(外文):Hsin-Yin Hsu
論文名稱:側鏈膽固醇液晶於聚醯亞胺膜之接枝合成反應研究
論文名稱(外文):The Graft Synthesis Reaction of Side Chain Cholesterol Liquid Crystal on Polyimide Film
指導教授:陳志恆陳志恆引用關係
口試委員:楊奉儒廖義田許崇慶
口試日期:2006-03-28
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:材料及資源工程系所
學門:工程學門
學類:材料工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:94
語文別:中文
論文頁數:121
中文關鍵詞:側鏈膽固醇液晶聚醯亞胺膜接枝反應
外文關鍵詞:side-chain cholesterol liquid crystalpolyimide filmgraft reaction
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:196
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
傳統聚醯亞胺配向層因製作時的機械摩擦常會造成高分子碎屑殘留,導致產品出現瑕疵的問題。解決的方法可以利用液晶接枝於聚醯亞胺(PI)表面,使其具有配向特性。本研究嘗試藉由聚醯亞胺表面改質技術,探討側鏈膽固醇液晶接枝於PI 膜表面之可行途徑。本實驗製備含羥基之3,5-diaminobenzyl alcohol二胺類單體,並合成含羥基(hydroxy group)之可溶性聚醯亞胺。利用聚醯亞胺含有羥基於結構尾端的特點,藉由此官能基之H鍵容易被取代的特性,將含側鏈液晶分子之polysiloxane與PI 膜產生鍵結,達到表面化學接枝目的。經由FT-IR、DSC、TGA、SEM 及POM 進行鑑定及分析,並與一般不含羥基之芳香族聚醯亞胺高分子,相互比較其物性差異,本研究已成功的以聚醯亞胺為主鏈基材,將所合成的側鏈型液晶高分子Cholesteryl 4-(allyloxy)benzoate及Biphenyl 4-(allyloxy)benzoate以共價鍵結的方式接枝到聚亞醯胺薄膜表面。
本研究探討加入3,5-diaminobenzyl alcohol前,PMDA和ODA預聚合的時間(0,2,4hr)及3,5-diaminobenzyl alcohol於含羥基聚醯亞胺之含量(10%,5%,3.3%)對接枝率的影響。由實驗結果顯示,PMDA和ODA預聚合的時間愈少,含羥基聚醯亞胺薄膜所測定出之-OH官能基越多,而在進行接枝過程之接枝量,將隨著含羥基聚醯亞胺薄膜上-OH含量增加而增加。以含羥基聚醯亞胺為主體所合成的側鏈聚亞醯胺均具有不錯的熱安定性,Td介於361℃∼383℃之間,並發現隨著主鏈上3,5-diaminobenzyl alcohol二胺類含量愈高,Td有降低的趨勢。含羥基聚醯亞胺薄膜表面接枝側鏈在加熱後並沒有失去其液晶性,加熱到200℃時,觀察到膽固醇相的broken focal-conic組織,證實其為具有液晶性的高分子材料。由溶解度測試亦可以發現,所有含羥基及接枝後的聚醯亞胺均具可溶性,因主鏈的可撓性增加,而使得聚醯亞胺薄膜容易加工,形成品質優良符合光學要求的透明薄膜。
Traditionally, the preparation of alignment layer requires the machinical rubbing process, which damages the TFT array and reduces the yield. Grafting of liquid crystal on polyimide film provides an alternative means to prepare alignment layer with desired alignment characteristics without rubbing process. This research focused on the surface modification of polyimide film with side-chain cholesterol liquid crystal. In this experiment, 3,5-dinitrobenzyl alcohol, which contains hydroxy group, after reduction process to form 3,5-diaminobenzyl alcohol, was used as co-monomer to synthesiz polyimide that contain hydroxy group. Thus prepared polyimide film containing hydroxy group, in which hydrogen can be easily replaced, can form chaimcal bonding with the polysiloxane that contains side chain liquid crystal. From the analysis of FT-IR, DSC, TGA, SEM and POM, and compaired with polyimide without hydroxy group, it was demonstrated that side-chain liquid crystal, CAB and BAB, has been successfully grafted onto the PI film by covalent bond.
The experimental results showed that, the time of prepolymerization of PMDA and ODA before the addition of 3,5-diaminobenzyl alcohol and the amount of 3,5-diaminobenzyl alcohol affect the density of hydroxyl groups on polyimide surface. The amount of hydroxyl group decreased with increasing prepolymerization time. The higher the amount of 3,5-diaminobenzyl alcohol, the higher the amount of hydroxy groups.
The grafting density of side-chain liquid crystal increased with increasing amount of –OH groups on the surface of PI film. Polyimide containing side-chain liquid crystal showed reasonable good thermal stability. The temperature of decomposition Td is between 361℃∼383℃. However, as the amount of 3,5-diaminobenzyl alcohol on polyimide backbone increased, Td reduced. POM observation showed that when the grafted PI film was heated to 200℃, there is a broken focal-conic organization of cholesteric phase, indicating that the grafted side-chain cholesterol maintained its liquid crystal characterics after surface modification process. It was also found that the solubility of liquid crystal modified PI film has better solubility in various organic solvents than non-modified PI film. This is also beneficial for the processing of PI alignment layer.
目 錄

摘 要 i
ABSTRACT iii
誌 謝 v
目 錄 vii
表目錄 x
圖目錄 xi
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 液晶簡介 1
1.1.1液晶高分子 3
1.2側鏈型液晶高分子(SCLCPs)及其應用 5
1.2.1側鏈型液晶高分子應用於光學資料儲存 5
1.2.2側鏈液晶高分子在非線性光學上的應用 9
1.2.3側鏈液晶高分子在分離膜的應用 10
1.2.4側鏈型液晶高分子應用於高分子固態電解質 11
1.2.5側鏈液晶高分子之其他應用 13
1.3 配向膜簡介 14
1.3.1 配向技術 17
1.3.2 配向膜的種類 18
1.3.3 定向摩擦之缺點 21
1.4聚醯亞胺簡介 21
1.4.1聚醯亞胺的合成方法及種類 23
第二章 文獻回顧與理論基礎 27
2.1側鏈高分子之類型 27
2.2以液晶為側鏈基團之共聚高分子 30
2.2.1 活性離子聚合 31
2.2.2 轉移技術(Site transformation techniques) 34
2.3 側鏈型液晶接枝共聚物 38
2.4 側鏈液晶接枝於聚矽氧烷 41
2.5 聚醯亞胺表面接枝 43
第三章 實驗方法 46
3.1 實驗流程 46
3.2 實驗藥品 47
3.3 分析設備 52
3.3.1 傅立葉紅外線光譜儀(FT-IR) 52
3.3.2 熱示差掃瞄分析儀(DSC) 53
3.3.3 熱重量損失分析儀(TGA) 53
3.3.4 掃瞄式電子顯微鏡(SEM) 53
3.3.5 偏光光學顯微鏡(POM) 54
3.4 實驗步驟 54
3.4.1 溶劑與二酸酐之純化 54
3.4.2 單體之合成 55
3.4.3 聚合物之合成 61
第四章 結果與討論 66
4.1 含羥基聚醯亞胺薄膜之合成 66
4.1.1含羥基二胺類之合成 66
4.1.2 聚醯亞胺薄膜之合成 68
4.2 膽固醇液晶分子結構之改質 75
4.3 側鏈型液晶接枝於含有羥基之聚醯亞胺薄膜表面 77
4.3.1間隙物接枝於聚醯亞胺薄膜表面 77
4.3.2液晶原接枝於聚醯亞胺薄膜表面之間隙物 84
4.4 聚醯亞胺表面接枝程序對接枝效果之影響 90
4.5 含側鏈型液晶聚醯亞胺薄膜之性質測定 95
4.5.1熱重損失(TGA)分析 95
4.5.2熱示差掃瞄(DSC)分析 99
4.5.3偏光光學顯微鏡(POM)分析 101
4.5.4溶解度測試分析 108
4.5.5掃瞄式電子顯微鏡(SEM)分析 108
第五章 結論 112
參考文獻 114
參考文獻

[1]I. C. Khoo, Liquid crystal, John Wiley & Sons, New york, 1995.
[2]G. W. Gray, J. W. Goodby, Smectic Liquid Crystals-textures and structures, Leonard Hill, London, 1987.
[3]P. J. Collings, M. Hird, Taylor & Francis, Introduction to Liquid Crystals, ChemistryAnd Physics, 1997.
[4]V. P. Shibaev, S.G.Kostromin, N.A.Plate, S.A.Ivanov, V.Y.Vetrov, and I. A.Yakovlev, Polym. Cormnuns., Vol. 24, 1983, pp.364.
[5]C. B. McArdle, Side-Chain Liquid Crystal Polymers. Blackie press, Glasgow-London, 1989.
[6]Cole, H. J. and Simon, R., Polymer, 1985, 26, 1801-1806.
[7]M. Eich, J. H. Wendorff, B. Reck, and H. Ringsdorf, , Makromol. Chem., Rapid Commun., Vol. 8, 1987, pp.59-63.
[8]C.S. Hsu, Prog. Polym. Sk., Vol. 22, 1997, pp829-871
[9]K.Ichimura, Y.Suzuki, T.Seki, Y.Kawanishi, and K.Aoki, Makromol. Chem., Rapid Commun., Vol. 10, 1989, pp.5-8.
[10]A.S. Angeloni, D. Caretti, C. Carlini, E. Chiellini, G. Galli, A. Altomare, R. Solaro, and M. Laus, Liq. Cryst., Vol. 4, 1989, pp.513-527.
[11]U. Weisner, M. Antonietti, C. Boeffel, and H. W. Spiess, Makromol. Chem., Vol.191, 1990, pp.2133-2149.
[12]M. Sawodny, A. Schmidt, M. Stamm, W. Knoll, C. Urban, and H.Ringsdorf, Polym. Adv. Technol., Vol. 2, 1991, pp.127-136.
[13]A. S. Angeloni, D. Caretti, M. Laus, E. Chiellini, and G. Galli, J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Chem., Vol.29, 1991, pp.1865-1873.
[14]S. Hvilsted, F. Andruzzi, and P. S. Ramanujam, Opt. Lett., Vol. 17, 1992, 1234-1236.
[15]H. J. Haitjema, G. L. V. Morgen, Y. Y. Tan, and G. Challa, Macromolecules, Vol. 27, 1994, pp.6201-6206.
[16]K. Anderle, and J. H. Wendorff, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst., Vol. 243, 1994, pp.51-75.
[17]Y. K. Han, D. Y. Kim, and Y. H. Kim, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst., Vol.254, 1994, pp.445-453.
[18]S. Hvilsted, F. Andruzzi, C. Kulinna, H. W. Siesler, and P. S. Ramanujam, , Macromolecules, Vol.28, 1995, pp.2172-2183.
[19]K. Anderle, R.Birenheid, M. Eich and J. H. Wendorff, Makromol. Chem., Rapid Commun., LO, 1989, pp.477-483.
[20]I. Cebrera, V. Krongauz, and H. Ringsdorf, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl., Vol. 26, 1987, pp.1178-l 180.
[21]I. Cebrera, and V. Krongauz, Nature, London, Vol. 326, 1987, pp.582-585.
[22]I. Cebrera, and V. Krongauz, Macromolecules, Vol.20, 1987, pp.2713-2717.
[23]V. Krongauz, Photochromism Molecules and Systems. eds. H. Durr and H. Bones-Laurent.Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1990, p. 793.
[24]S. Yitzchaik, J. Ratner, F. Ruchholtz, and V. Krongauz, Liq. Cryst., Vol.8, 1990, pp.677-686.
[25]A. Zelichenok, F. Buchholtz, S. Yitzchak, J. Ratner, M. Safro, and V. Krongauz, Macromolecules, Vol. 25, 1992, pp.3179-3183.
[26]L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, H. E. Klei, R. L. Crane, and W. W. Adam, Macromolecules, Vol. 24, 1991, pp.6554-6556.
[27]L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, U. Tondigha, S. Patnaik, R. Pachter, R. L. Crane, and W. W. Adam, Chemistry of Functional Dyes, Vol. 2, ed. Y. Shirota. Mita Press, Kobe, 1993, pp. 405.
[28]L. V. Natarajan, V. Tondiglia, T. J. Bunning, R. L. Crane, and W. W. Adams, Adv. Mater. Opt.Electron., Vol. 1, 1992, pp.293-297.
[29]L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and S. Y. Kim, Macromolecules, Vol. 27, 1994, pp.7248-7253.
[30]G. Scherowsky, A. Schliwa, J. Springer, K. Kuhnpast and W. Trapp. Liq. Cryst. Vol. 5, 1989, pp.1281–1295.
[31]T. Sakurai, N. Mikami, R. Higuchi, M. Honma, M. Dzazi and K. Yoshino, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 1986, pp.978
[32]R. Fu, P. Jing, J. Gu, Z. Huang, and Y. Chen, Anal. Chem., Vol.65, 1993, pp.2141-2144.
[33]W. Zhou, R.Fu, R.Dai, Z. Huang, and Y. Chen, J. Chromatogr., Vol.659, 1994, pp.477-480.
[34]K. Kajiyama, T. Nagata, E. Maemura, and M. Takayanagi, Chem. Lett., 1979, pp.679-682.
[35]S. Washizu, I. Terada, T. Kajiyama, and M. Takayanagi, Polym. J., Vol.4, 1984, pp.307-316.
[36]T. Kajiyaina, S. Washizu, and M. Takayanagi, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., Vol.29, 1984, pp.3955-3964.
[37]T. Kajiyarna, S. Washizu, A. Kumano, I. Terada, and M. Takayanagi, Appl. Polym. Sci.,Appl. Folym. Symp., Vol.41, 1985, pp.327-346.
[38]J. S. Chlou and D. R. Paul. J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Phys. Vol. 25 1987, pp. 1699–1707.
[39]D. H. Weinkauf and D. R. Paul. J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Phys. Vol. 29 1991, pp. 329–340.
[40]D. H. Weinkauf and D. R. Paul. J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Phys. Vol. 30 1992, pp. 817–849.
[41]D. H. Weinkauf and D. R. Paul. J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Phys. Vol. 30 1992, pp. 837–849.
[42]D. H. Weinkauf, H. D. Kim and D. R. Paul. Macromolecules Vol. 25 1992, pp. 788–796.
[43]H. Loth and A. Buschen. Makromol. Chem., Rapid Commun. Vol. 9 1988, pp. 35–38.
[44]F. De Candia, V. Capodanno, A. Renzulli and V. Vitoria. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. Vol. 42 1991, pp.2959–2963.
[45]D. S. Chen, G. H. Hsiue and C. S. Hsu. Makromol. Chem. Vol.192 1991, pp. 2021–2029.
[46]D. S. Chen, G. H. Hsiue and C. S. Hsu. Makromol. Chem. Vol.193, 1992, pp. 1469–1479.
[47]D. S. Chen and G. H. Hsiue. Makromol. Chem. 194 (1993), pp. 2025–2033.
[48]P. V. Wright, Br. Polym. J., Vol. 7, 1975, pp.319.
[49]M. B. Armand, et al., “Second International meeting on Solid Electrolytes Extended Abstracts”, St. Andrews Ecosse, 1978, pp.20-22.
[50]M. B. Armand, “Fast Ion Transport in Solids”, P.Vashishta Ed., North Holland, 1979. pp.131,
[51]C. J. Hsieh, C. S. Hsu and G. H. Hsiue. J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Chem. Vol.28, 1990, pp. 425–435.
[52]C. J. Hsieh, G. H. Hsiue and C. S. Hsu. Makromol. Chem. Vol. 191 1990, pp. 2195–2230.
[53]G. H. Hsiue. Makromol. Chem. Vol. 196, 1997, pp. 819–871.
[54]K. Hanabusa, T. Suzuki, T. Koyama, H. Shirai and A. Kurose. Polym. J. Vol. 22 1990, pp.183–186.
[55]K. Hanabusa, T. Suzuki, T. Koywna and H. Shiral. Makromol. Chem. Vol.193, 1992, pp.2149–2161.
[56]K. Hanabusa, T. Isogai, T. Koyama and H. Shirai. Makromol. Chem. Vol. 194, 1993, pp.197–210.
[57]H. Tanaka. Eur. Polym. J. Vol. 29, 1993, pp.1525–1530.
[58]H. Tanaka. Kobunshi Vol.43, 1994, pp.734–735.
[59]S. Y. Oh, K. Akagi, H. Shirakawa and K. Araya. Macromolecules Vol. 26, 1993, pp.6203–6206.
[60]S. Ujiie and K. Iimura. Macromolecules Vol. 25, 1992, pp.3174–3178.
[61]F. A. Branday and C. G. Bawin. Polym. Prepr. Vol. 34,No 1, 1993, pp.186–187.
[62]P. Roche and Y. Zhao. Macromolecules Vol.28, 1995, pp.2819–2824.
[63]A. C.Nieuwkerk, A. T. M. Marcelies, and E. J. R. Subholter, Macromolecules, Vol. 28, 1995, pp.4986-4990.
[64]T. Kato, and J. M. J. Frechet, Macromolecules, Vol. 22, 1989, pp.3818-3819.
[65]T. Kato, and J. M. J. Frechet, Macromolecules, Vol. 23, 1990, pp.360.
[66]T. Kato, and J. M. J. Frechet, , J. Am. Chem. Sot., Vol. 111, 1989, pp.8533-8534.
[67]T. Kato, K. Hideyuki, T. Urya, A. Fujishima, and J. M. J. Frechet, Macromolecules, Vol. 25, 1992, pp.6836-8641.
[68]U. Kumar, T. Kato, and J. M. J. Frechet, J. Am. Chem. Sot., Vol. 114, 1992, pp.6630-6639.
[69]T. Kato, J. M. J. Frechet, P. G. Wilson, T. Saito, T. Uryr, A. Fujishima, C. Jin, and F. Kaneuchi, Chem. Mater., Vol. 5, 1993, pp.1094-1100.
[70]C. T. Imfie, F. Karasz, and G. S. Attard, Liq. Cryst., Vol.9, 1991, pp.47-57.
[71]T. Schleeh, C. T. Imrie, D. M. Rice, F. E. Karasz, and G. S. Attard, J. Polym. Sci., Polym.Chem.., Vol. 31, 1993, pp.1859-1869.
[72]Y. Kosaka, T. Kato, and T. Uryu, Macromolecules, Vol. 27, 1994, pp.2658-2663
[73]R. Zontel and M. Brehmer, Chemtech, Vol. 25 (5), May 1995, pp. 41~48
[74]A. Hult, F. Sahlen, M. Trollsas, S. T. Lagerwall, D. Hermann, L. Komitov, P. Rudquist and B. Stebler, Liquid Crystals, Vol. 20, No. 1, 1996, pp.23~28
[75]駱世杰,含香豆素碟狀分子之合成及其在液晶光配向膜上之應用,2001。
[76]魏霖杰,分析殘餘直流電造成畫面閃爍的影響,2004。
[77]J. Stöhr, M.G. Samant, J. Elec. Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. Vol. 8, 1999 pp.189
[78]陳福龍,工業材料,124 期,86 年4 月,106-116 頁。
[79]T. Uchida, M. Ohgawara, M. Wada, Jan., J. Appl. Phys. Vol.19,1980,pp.2127
[80]J.G.Petrov, D.Moebius, “Interfacial Acid-Base Equilibrium and Electrostatic Properties of Model Langmuir-Blodgett Membrane in Contact with Phosphate Buffer.” Colloids and Surfaces A. Vol.171,2000, pp.207-215
[81]T. Uchida, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst., Vol. 123, 1985, pp.15
[82]M. Schadt, K.Kozinkov, V.Chigrinov, Jan. J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 31, 1992, pp.2155
[83]C. E. Sroog, A. L. Endry, S. V. Abramo, C. E. Berr, N. M. Edwards, and K. L. Oliver, J.Polym.Sci.,A, Vol.3, 1965, pp.1373
[84]M. A. Sandhu, D. J. Savage, T. W. Martin, Sci.Eng., Vol.23, 1979, pp.159.
[85] W. F. Gresham and M. A. Naylor, U.S. Pat., 1956.
[86]F. S. Spring, J. C. Wood, J. Chem. Soc., Vol.625 , 1945, Nature, Vol.185, 754 , 1946.
[87]丁孟賢,何天白,聚醯亞胺新型材料,科學出版社,1998。
[88]T. T. Serafini, P. Delvigs and W. B. Alston, “PMR-15 polyimides review and update”, NASA TM-8282, 1982。
[89]M. Grundschober, British Pat. 1978。
[90]V. T.Vladimir, N. B.Vlaery, frog. Polym. Sci. Vol. 22, 1997, pp.1089-l 132.
[91]許千樹,盧勇宏,第14 屆高分子研討會論文集. Vol. 7(2) , 1991 pp.627。
[92]R. Zentel , H. Ringsdorf , Makromol. Chem. , Rapid Commun. , Vol.5 , 1986, pp.393.
[93]S. W. Kantor , and J. J. Mallon , Macromolecule” , Vol. 22, 1989, pp.2070.
[94]C. T. Imrie, E. F. Karasz, G. S. Attard, Macromolecules Vol. 27, 1994, pp.1578.
[95]C. T. Imrie, E. F. Karasz, G. S. Attard, Macromolecules Vol. 29, 1996, pp.1031
[96]V. Percec, M. Lee Macromolecules Vol. 24, 1991,pp.1017.
[97]V. Percec, D. Tomazos, Polymer Vol. 31, 1990, pp.1658
[98]P. Robert , P. sixou , “Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.” , Vol. 155 , 1988, pp.161.
[99]V. Percec , J. M. Rodriguez-Parada , C. Ericson , Polym. Bu , Vol. 17, 1987, pp.347
[100]Y. Kaxakami , K. Takahashi and H. Hibino , “Macromolecules” , Vol. 157 , 1988, pp.163.
[101]許方駿,Azobenzene 在光電材料上之應用,2001。
[102]Y. Li, Y. Wang, J. Long, L.Zhang, Chinese Chemical Society, 67, 46, (2004)
[103]H. Finkelman n, M.Happ, M. Portuga, and H. Ringsdorf, Makromol. Chem., Vol. 179, 1978, pp.2541.
[104]施寬裕,側鏈鐵電性液晶聚環氧丙烷之合成及性質研究(IX),2002。
[105]N. A. Plate, and M. Gordon, Advances in Polymer Sciences, Vol.59-61, 1984.
[106]V. V. Tsukruk, and V. V. Shilov, , Structure of Polymeric Liquid Crystals, 1990.
[107]C. B. McArdle, Side Chain Liquid Crystal Polymers, 1989.
[108]A. A. Collyer, “Liquid Crystal Polymers”: from Structures to Applications, Elsevier,Amsterdam 1992.
[109]J. M. Lambert, E. Yilgor, G. I. Wilkes, and J. E. McGrath, ACS Polymer Preprints, Vol. 26 (2), 1985, pp.275.
[110]C. Pugh, and V. Percec, ACS Polymer Preprints, Vol.27 (1), 1986, pp.367.
[111]S. Poser, H. Fischer, M. Arnold, Prog. Polym. Sci., Vol. 23, 1988, pp.1337–1379,
[112]T. Sagane, and R. Lenz, Polymer, Vol. 30, 1989, pp.2269.
[113]R. Bohnert, H. Finkelmann, and P. Lutz, , Macromol. Chem., Rapid Commun., Vol.14, 1993, pp.139.
[114]C. Pugh, and R. R. Schrock, Macromolecules, Vol. 25, 1992, pp.6593.
[115]W. Kreuder, O. W. Webster, and H. Ringsdorf, Macromol. Chem., Rapid Commun., Vol. 7, 1986, pp.5.
[116]J. J. Mallon, and S. W. Kantor, , Macromolecules, Vol. 22, 1989, pp.2077.
[117]G. W. Gray, D. Lacey, G. Nestor, and M. S. White, Macromol. Chem., Rapid Commun., Vol. 7, 1986, pp.71.
[118]P. Keller, and C. E. N. Saclay, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst., Vol. 155, 1988, pp.37.
[119]S. K. Varshney, C. Jacobs, , J. P. Hautekeer, , P. Bayard, , R. Je´roˆme, R. Fayt, and P. Teyssie´, Macromolecules, Vol. 24, 1991, pp. 4997.
[120]J. Beckmann, C. Auschra, and R. Stadler, Macromol. Chem., Rapid Commun., Vol. 15, 1994, pp.67.
[121]B. Hahn, J. H. Wendorff, M. Portugal, and H. Ringsdorf, Colloid Polym. Sci., Vol. 259, 1981, pp.875.
[122]M. Yamada, T. Iguchi, A. Hirao, S. Nakahama, and J.Watanabe, Macromolecules, Vol.28, 1995, pp.50.
[123]W. Y. Zheng, and P. Hammond, ACS Polymer Preprints, Vol.39, 1996, pp.456.
[124]Z. Komiya, and R. R. Schrock, Macromolecules, Vol.26, 1993, pp.1387.
[125]R. Bohnert, and H. Finkelmann, Macromol. Chem. Phys., Vol. 195, 1994, pp.689.
[126]W. J. Bailey, J..Marcroml. sci-chem, A9, 1975, pp.846
[127]V. Percec, and J.M.S.Lee, Pure Appl. Chem., A29, 1992, pp.723.
[128]楊怡寬,液晶材料講義,2004。
[129]M. S. M. Abadie, and D. H. Richards, Informations Chimie, Vol. 208, 1980, pp.135.
[130]T. Kitayama, T. Nishiura, and K. Hatada, Polym. Bull. Vol. 26, 1991, pp.513.
[131]J. P. Kennedy, and J. L. Price, ACS Symp. Ser. Vol. 496, 1992, pp.258.
[132]C .Galli, E. Chiellini, Y. Yagci, E. I. Serhatli, M. Laus, M. C. Bignozzi, and A. S. Angeloni, ,Macromol.Chem., Rapid.Commun.. Vol. 14, 1993, pp.185.
[133]鄒友思,姚青青,戴李宗等,高分子材料科學與工程12(4): 36-40. 廈門大學材料科學系,福建,廈門,1996。
[134]O. W. Webster, W. R. Hertler, D. Y. Sogah et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. , Vol. 105, No 7, 1983, pp.5706-5708.
[135]A. S. Gomes, K. S. Carvalho, and M. R. Pinto, , Macromol. Rapid Commun., Vol. 16, 1995, pp.543.
[136]J. Cao, K. D. Zhang, L. Wang, Polymer Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 21, No 3, 2005, pp.81-84.
[137]Z. Guo, L. Mao, X. Zhou, X. Xie, China Plastics Industry, Vol. 32, No 1, 2004.
[138]A. Gottschalk, and H. W. Schmidt, Liq. Cryst. Vol. 5, 1989, pp.1619.
[139]A. Gottschalk, and H. W. Schmidt, , ACS Polymer Preprints, Vol. 34, No 2, 1993, pp.188.
[140]M. Hefft, and J. Springer, , Macromol. Chem., Vol. 193, 1992, pp.329.
[141]M. Blankenhagel, and J.Springer, Macromol. Chem., Vol. 193,1992, pp 3031.
[142]W. L. Tsai, H. L. Kuo, Liquid Crystals, Vol. 13, No. 6, 1933, pp.765-773.
[143]Pugh, C. and V. Percec , ACS Polymer Preprints, 1986, 27 (1), 367. Vol. 27, No. 1, 1986, pp.367.
[144]T. Kato, H. Kihara, S.Ujiie, Macromol, Vol. 29, 1996, pp.8734-8739.
[145]C. S. Hsu, L. J. Shih, Macromolecules, Vol. 26, 1993, pp.3161.
[146]C. S. Hsu, C. H. Tsai, Liquid Crystals, Vol. 22, No. 6, 1997, pp.669.
[147]G. P. Chang, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. J Polym Sci A: Polym Chem. Vol. 36, 1998, pp.2849-2863
[148]T. Y. Jiang, B. Y. Zhang,and M. T. Ying Wang ,Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci. Vol. 89, 2003, pp.2845-2851.
[149]葛樹琴,劉紅波,任亞林,合成化學, 9(4): 334-336,2001。
[150]W. L. Chana, H. Yanaa, and Y. S. Szetob,Materials Letters. Vol. 58, 2004, pp.882-884.
[151]L. V. Natarajan, S. Y. Kim, Macromolecules , Vol. 27, 1994, pp.7248-7253.
[152]潘保同,膽固醇液晶之研究,2002。
[153]袁泠,”膽固醇液晶一維光子晶體雷射現象”,第28屆高分子研討會,2005。
[154]K. Y. Wong , A. K.-Y Jen, J. Appl. Phys. Vol. 75, 1994, pp.3308.
[155]賴吉村,側鏈二次非線性光學發色團聚亞醯胺之合成與性質研究,2004。
[156]O. Mitsunobu, Synthesis, 1981.
[157]F. X. Qiu, Y. M. Zhou , and J. Z. Liu, European Polymer Journal, Vol. 40, 2004, pp.713-720.
[158]C.P. Yang and S.H. Hsiao,” Effects of various factors on the formation of high molecular weight polyamic acid”, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. Vol. 25, 1985, pp.2883-2905.
[159]B. K. Chem. Soc. Vol. 25, No. 11, 2004, pp 1717-1719.
[160]吳進益,含雙金屬無機液晶分子設計與物性探討,2001。
電子全文 電子全文(本篇電子全文限研究生所屬學校校內系統及IP範圍內開放)
連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top