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研究生:蘇明哲
研究生(外文):Ming-Che Su
論文名稱:DSP為主體之新型並聯式複合電動重型機車之能量管理系統研製
論文名稱(外文):DSP-Based Energy Management System of New Parallel Hybrid Electric Heavy Motorcycle
指導教授:蔡耀文
指導教授(外文):Yao-Wen Tsai
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:大葉大學
系所名稱:機電自動化研究所碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:英文
論文頁數:65
中文關鍵詞:並聯式複合電動重型機車重型機車數位信號處理器能量管理系統鋰電池管理系統最佳運轉點
外文關鍵詞:parallel hybrid electric motorcycleheavy-duty motorcycledigital signal processor(DSP)energy management systemLi-ion battery management systemoptimal sweet spot
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一般機車受限於空間狹小且匹配複合動力的價格不斐,若欲採用複合電動系統會較被質疑。結合內燃機與電動馬達的優點,並聯式複合電動車輛系統已經證明它們能夠降低污染、節省能源以及提升續航力。藉由適切的控制策略與複雜的機電系統,一種具有極低污染以及極少能源消耗的高性能與高效率複合式環保電動車輛得以製造完成。
在本論文中,使用能量管理策略,我們已經建立以及改善驅動器與控制器的性能。基於數位訊號處理器(DSP),我們已經發展完成並聯式複合電動重型機車的能量管理系統,而且鋰電池管理系統也在本論文中發展完成。另一方面,藉由實驗平台測試,我們驗證與改良此能量管理系統。另外,能量管理系統藉由控制電池及控制單元的切換開關百分比以達到有效的管理電控系統以及使內燃機操作在最佳運轉點。另一方面,不管在哪種模式下更可強健的保護鋰電池。
另外,我們也已完成原型車的製作,並在2007台北車輛電子展中展出。
Transform of the conventional mini- or medium-size motorcycles into hybrid electric vehicles is very difficult, because their physical space is very limited and the cost of the hybrid power system is very high. Combine the advantages of internal combustion engine and electric motor, the parallel hybrid electric motorcycle systems have proved they can reduce emission, save energy and raise mileage. By using adaptable control strategy and complex electromechanical systems, a high performance and high efficiency hybrid electric vehicle with very low emission and very low energy consumption can be established.
In this thesis, by using the energy management strategy, we have established and improved the performance of the driver and controller. Based on a digital signal processor (DSP), we have developed the energy management system for the new parallel hybrid electric system. The Li-ion battery management system has also developed in this thesis. On the other hand, under a real platform test, we verify and modify the performances of the energy management system. In addition, the energy management system controller adequately adjust the switch of battery and power unit to achieve the purpose of effectively manage the electric control system and make the internal combustion engine run at its sweet spot in most cases. Moreover, it also can robustly protect Li-ion battery no matter what operation modes are. The hybrid electric heavy motorcycle would have the merits of energy-saving. In addition, we also have installed a prototype of the hybrid electric heavy-duty motorcycle.
INSIDE FRONT COVER
SIGNATURE PAGE
AUTHORIZATION COPYRIGHT STATEMENT iii
ENGLISH ABSTRACT iv
CHINESE ABSTRACT v
ACKNOWLEDGMENT vi
TABLE OF CONTENTS vii
LIST OF FIGURES ….…ix
LIST OF TABLES x
ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS ………………………………………..……xii

Chapter I. INTRODUCTION
1.1 Motivation …………………………………………................................1
1.1.1 Parallel Hybrid system ……………………………………………3
1.1.2 Series Hybrid System ………………….…………………...…….3
1.1.3 Series-Parallel Hybrid System………………...…………………..5
1.2 Purvey and Previous Work ………………………...................................6
1.2.1 The studies of Control strategy and Energy management system...6
1.2.2 The studies of battery model ………………….……………….….7
1.3 Main task and Organization …………….…….……..………...………..7
Chapter II. FRAMEWORK AND ENERGY MANAGEMENT STRATEGY OF NEW PARALLEL HYBRID ELECTRIC SYSTEM
2.1 Introduction …………………………………………………………..8
2.1.1 The integrated motor/generator ………….……………...………9
2.1.2 The Internal Combustion Engine (ICE)……………….….……10
2.1.3 The Li-ion battery management system……………...…..…….11
2.1.4 Magnetism Powder Type Brake Unit………………….……….12
2.2 The Framework of New Parallel Hybrid Electric System………..…..14
2.3 Single power output of the electric motor………………………..…..15
2.4 Power Output of Internal Combustion Engine…………………..…...15
2.5 Dual Powers Output By Electric Motor and Internal Combustion Engine………………………………………………………………...16
2.6 The energy management strategy of New Parallel Hybrid Electric
System………………………………………..……………………….17
Chapter III. DYNAMIC EQUATIONS AND MODELS OF NEW PARALLEL HYBRID ELECTRIC SYSTEM
3.1 Introduction………………………..………………………..……….21
3.2 The Generator…………………………………………..…….……..21
3.3 The Li-ion battery module…………………………………...……...23
3.4 ADVISOR’s SOC model…………………………………...……….25
3.5 The energy management system…………………………..….……..26
Chapter IV. DYNAMIC OUTPUT FEEDBACK CONTROLLERS USING LMI THEORY FOR NEW PARALLEL HYBRID ELECTRIC SYSTEM
4.1 Introduction…………………………………………………………29
4.2 Description of the Problem…………………………………..……..30
4.3 Stability in the Sliding Mode……………………………………….33
4.4 The Hitting Phase Design…………………………………………..35
Chapter V. SIMULATION AND EXPERIMENT RESULT
5.1 Introduction……………………………………………………………40
5.2 Simulation results……………………………………………………...41
5.3 Experiment result………………………………..……………………44
Chapter VI. CONCLUTION......……………..……………………………….………49
REFERENCE………………………………………………………………………...50
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