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研究生:詹濟銘
研究生(外文):Ji-Ming Jhan
論文名稱:新型無刷馬達驅動器於電動重型機車之應用
論文名稱(外文):Novel Brushless Motor Driver and the Application of Electric Motorcycles
指導教授:蔡耀文
指導教授(外文):Yao-Wen Tsai
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:大葉大學
系所名稱:機電自動化研究所碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:英文
論文頁數:77
中文關鍵詞:空間向量調變電動機車可變結構系統線性矩陣不等式數位訊號處理器
外文關鍵詞:space vector pulse-width-modulationelectric motorcyclevariable structure systemslinear matrix inequalityDigital signal processor
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  • 被引用被引用:1
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本論文中主要著眼於以數位訊號處理器(DSP)為主體之無刷馬達驅動器的研製並將其應用於電動機車上。此無刷馬達驅動器使用日漸受到重視的空間向量調變(SVPWM)技術且有關於在電動機車控制上的應用也將一併被討論。
本論文除了使用傳統的PI控制器外,一種新型可變結構控制(VSC)也將在此馬達控制系統中被使用,此新型控制器僅使用輸出變數,藉由線性矩陣不等式理論應用在非匹配不確定輸出回授可變結構系統,本論文之新型理論能有效保證系統在順滑模式下具有穩定性且有良好性能。另一重點是若滿足某些條件,本方法能夠完全去除非匹配不確定成份之影響。
使用空間向量調變技術和新型可變結構控制理論的驅動器,不論在硬體或軟體方面,皆是以數位訊號處理器為主體,並且我們藉著所有對此系統設計的電路和程式,在馬達控制系統上成功的獲得高效能。另一方面,電動機車也隨著在我們硬體和軟體的應用,建立起優越的效能。
This thesis is mainly concerned with the development of a DSP-based control system for a brushless motor driver and the application of electric motorcycles. The famous and important space vector pulse-width-modulation (SVPWM) technique will be used in the brushless motor driver. An application about the control of electric motorcycles will also be discussed.
In addition to use traditional PI controller, a modified variable structure control (VSC) is used in controlling of the motor control system. This modified VSC can guarantee the existence of the sliding mode by using output feedback only. By using the linear matrix inequalities (LMI), we give a new invariance condition guaranteeing the existence of a linear switching surface such that the system in the sliding mode is not only stable but also completely invariant to mismatched uncertainties under certain conditions.
The hardware and software of the SVPWM driver and new VSC controller are implemented by the DSP-based system. We design all the circuits and write all the program of the system. The high efficiency of responses of motor control system can be successful obtained. On the other hand, by using our hardware and software, the application of electric motorcycle is also established with high performance.
COVER
CREDENTIAL
AUTHORIZATION LETTERS....................iii
ABSTRACT (CHINESE).............................iv
ABSTRACT (ENGLISH)..............................v
ACKNOWLEDGMENT...............................vi
CONTENTS................................................vii
LIST OF FIGURES......................................x
LIST OF TABLES......................................xiii
ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS.........xiv

Chapter 1
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Motivation.....................................................1
1.2 Contribution.................................................1
1.3 Organization of this thesis........................2
Chapter 2
ELECTRIC MOTORCYCLE AND BRUSHLESS MOTOR
2.1 Basic structure of electric motorcycle.....3
2.2 Li-Battery......................................................4
2.3 Drive of BLDCM..........................................8
2.4 Mathematical model of BLDCM..............9
2.5 Modeling of Electric Motorcycles...........14
Chapter 3
DYNAMIC OUTPUT FEEDBACK CONTROLLERS USING LMI THEORY FOR
MISMATCHED UNCERTAIN VARIABLE STRUCTURE SYSTEMS
3.1 Description of The Problem..................................16
3.2 Stability in The Sliding Mode.................................17
3.3 The Hitting Phase Design.....................................25
Chapter 4
THE REALIZATION OF SPACE VECTOR PULSE-WIDTH-MODULATION
WITH TI-TMS320LF2407
4.1 Abstract...................................................34
4.2 PWM Technique....................................34
4.3 Theory of SVPWM Technique.............35
4.4 The experiment of SVPWM by using TMS320LF2407...............47
Chapter 5
IMPLEMENTATION OF DSP-BASED MOTOR DRIVING SYSTEM
5.1 Introduction.............................................51
5.2 TI-TMS320LF2407 family.....................52
5.3 Li-battery..................................................52
5.4 Description of brushless motor..........54
5.5 Digital signal processing implemented for motor control......56
5.6 Design and realization of PI controller.......................58
5.7 Design and realization of VSC controller...................62
5.8 Comparison between PI control and VSC control...66
Chapter 6
ELECTRIC MOTORCYCLE DRIVING SYSTEM DESIGN AND RESULTS
6.1 Platform of electric motorcycle......................67
6.2 Motor of electric motorcycle...........................68
6.3 The Signals with Hall Effect Sensor............69
6.4 Design and realization of controller.............70
Chapter 7
CONCLUSIONS.....................................................75
REFERENCE..........................................................76
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