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研究生:郭柏亨
研究生(外文):Kuo, Po-Heng
論文名稱:高科技產業之社會資本與組織創新:以知識分享與吸收能力為中介變數
論文名稱(外文):An Empirical Study on the Social Capital and Organizational Innovation of High-Tech Industry:The Mediating Effects of Knowledge Sharing and Absorptive Capacity
指導教授:余明助余明助引用關係陳儀蓉陳儀蓉引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄應用科技大學
系所名稱:人力資源發展系碩士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:172
中文關鍵詞:社會資本知識分享吸收能力組織創新
外文關鍵詞:Social CapitalKnowledge SharingAbsorptive CapacityOrganizational Innovation
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在這個求新求變的知識經濟時代裡,若不想成為夕陽公司,唯有不斷提升組織創新,增進組織競爭優勢。尤其對高科技產業而言,該產業競爭激烈,變遷快速,且產品生命週期短。所以,非常倚賴研發單位發展出新品。若高科技公司要有效提升組織創新,需重視在社會資本的關係議題上。換句話說,在高科技產業的研發單位內部,要克服互動阻礙,讓成員間有良好互動關係,彼此也有共識,才能夠願意去分享知識以及吸收知識,有效提升到組織創新。
本研究以實證分析探討社會資本、知識分享、吸收能力與組織創新之關係。研究對象是台灣高科技產業,有效樣本135份,以典型相關、SEM、變異數等分析方法進行實證分析,研究結果如下:
1.組織內部社會資本、知識分享、吸收能力與組織創新之間呈現相關;
2.組織內部社會資本對知識分享與組織創新產生正向顯著影響;
3.組織內部社會資本對吸收能力有正向顯著影響,同時吸收能力對組織創新亦有正向顯著影響,亦即組織內部社會資本會透過吸收能力之中介效果來影響組織創新。
4.知識分享對吸收能力產生正向顯著影響,同時吸收能力對組織創新產生正向顯著影響,亦即知識分享會透過吸收能力之中介效果來影響組織創新。
In order to survive in the highly competitive times, firms are under constant pressure to innovate to stay ahead of their competition. Particularly in the high-tech industry, corporations must rely on R&D unit developing the new product continuously in the rapidly changing environment. If the high-tech industry should improve organizational innovation effectively, need to pay attention to it in the relation topic of the social capital. Meanwhile, there are good Interaction, and common goal each other in the high-tech industry of internal R&D unit . It's working and raising organizational innovation that could share knowledge and absorb internal knowledge. Therefore, The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship among the social capital, knowledge sharing, absorptive capacity, organizational innovation of high-tech industry.
This Research aims to examine the relationships of social capital, knowledge sharing, absorptive capacity, organizational innovation among the firms in high-tech industry of Taiwan. 135 effective surveys were received by research and development manager of High-tech firms. The data was analyzed by factor analysis, reliability analysis, canonical analysis, ANOVA, using the LISREL model to measure the relationship amongst the constructs. Results showed that the internal social capital has a positive influence on the knowledge sharing and organizational innovation. Social capital and knowledge sharing has a positive influence on the absorptive capacity. However, knowledge sharing is not a significant influence on organizational innovation. The mediating effects of social capital and knowledge sharing towards the absorptive capacity can positively influence organizational innovation. Based on the result, it is suggested that businesses should invest in social capital, create more collective knowledge, and strengthen internal knowledge absorb capacity to promote organizational innovation.
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 4
第三節 研究範圍 5
第四節 研究流程 6
第二章 文獻探討 9
第一節 高科技產業特性 9
第二節 社會資本 12
第三節 知識分享 27
第四節 吸收能力 38
第五節 組織創新 46
第六節 各變項間關係之推導 56
第三章 研究方法 68
第一節 研究架構 68
第二節 研究假設 70
第三節 研究變項之操作性定義與衡量 72
第四節 抽樣方法與樣本收集 81
第五節 資料分析方法 84
第六節 信度與驗證性因素分析 86
第七節 研究限制 103
第四章 實證結果與討論 104
第一節 研究構面基本特性資料分析 104
第二節 典型相關 112
第三節 研究架構整體模式分析 123
第四節 不同企業特性在各構面的差異性分析 133
第五節 研究結果 144
第五章結論與建議 150
第一節 結論 150
第二節 研究意涵與建議 153
參考文獻 156
中文文獻 156
英文文獻 159
附錄 研究問卷 168
參考文獻
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