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研究生:林世杰
研究生(外文):Shih-Chieh Lin
論文名稱:組織變革與技術別薪資差異之關係:以臺灣製造業為例
論文名稱(外文):Organizational Change and Wage Differential of the Different Skill Level:Evidence of Taiwan Manufacturing Industries
指導教授:黃麗璇黃麗璇引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:經濟學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:70
中文關鍵詞:技術變動薪資差異組織變革
外文關鍵詞:technical changeorganizational changewage differential
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近年來企業組織在因應快速變遷與競爭激烈的國際市場,進行了所謂的業務電子化與技術升級的相關策略,並且針對組織的型態也做了相當的調整與變革。本文利用臺灣經濟部製造業經營實況調查資料與行政院主計處人力運用調查報告資料,作為主要的研究資料庫,並以製造業為主體來估計組織變革的情況與高/低技術階層勞工薪資變化的關係。本研究以二元(binary)與排序(ordered)兩種Probit 模型估計製造業二分類行業實施組織變革的決定因素,並依據勞工就業的產業別引入Mincerian 的薪資方程式,以期瞭解組織變革對於高/低技術水準勞工之薪資差異的影響。實證結果發現,影響組織變革的因素中,廠商規模的大小、產業R&D的比率、對外競爭國家的先進程度以及電子商務的使用對於組織變革存在著正向顯著的影響;另外,廠商著重於銷售的策略的調整以及推展業務電腦化的困難程度對於組織變革則會造成負向顯著的影響。而組織變革之發生對於高技術勞工之薪資具正向但不顯著的結果,但是,組織變革對低技術勞工的薪資則呈現負向顯著的影響。因此,吾人認為臺灣企業組織型態之改變將造成高/低技術勞工薪資差距變大的結果,換言之,臺灣製造業高/低技術勞工薪資之不均度可能因為企業組織的改造與變革而擴大。
In an era of rapid technological improvement, business is facing an increasingly competitive international market. Many corporations have adopted necessary adjustments on their organization, such as electronic business and technological upgrading. The main goal of this paper is to investigate the determinants of the changes in organizational change, as well as its impact on wage inequality between workers of different skills. As such, two databases were employed for empirical research, i.e., the Operations Strategies of the Manufactures Surveys and Manpower Utilization Survey in Taiwan. At the first stage, I estimate the probability of organizational change (OC) for Taiwan’s manufacture firms by the binary and ordered probit model. It is then being employed in the wage determination equation which aims to study the impact of OC on wage equation and wage differential. Empirical result shows that firm size, internet use, industry’s R&D, exporting competitor and electronic commerce are of significant positive influence on a firm’s probability of adopting the OC policy. However, as long as the firms suffer from the difficulties of technological upgrading or business computerization problem, they are less likely to adopt the OC policies. In addition, increases in the OC probability will lower the wages of the low skilled but not the wages of the high skilled. In sum, the adoption of the OC policies in Taiwan’s manufacture firms will raise the wage differential between workers of different skills.
壹、 緒論 1
1.1 組織變革的發展與沿革 1
1.2 組織變革與技術需求的轉變 2
1.3 研究目的 3
1.4 研究架構說明 3

貳、 文獻回顧與說明 4
2.1 組織變革的定義與利弊 4
2.2 組織變革的決定因素 6
2.3 技術變動、組織變革與薪資之關係 7

參、 實證模型設定 13
3.1 資料來源說明 13
3.1.1 製造業經營實況調查 14
3.1.2 民國93年製造業經營實況調查B表 14
3.1.3 民國94年製造業經營實況調查A表 15
3.2 組織變革模型-The Binary Probit Model 15
3.2.1 以ISO來定義組織變革 16
3.2.2 以業務電腦化所帶來的變革效果來定義 19
3.3 組織變革模型-The Ordered Probit Model 20
3.3.1 以ISO來定義 21
3.3.2 以業務電腦化所帶來的變革效果來定義 22
3.4 薪資方程式 23

肆、 變數之基本統計說明 25
4.1 製造業經營實況調查 25
4.2 人力運用調查資料 27

伍、 實證結果 33
5.1 組織變革之實證結果-The Binary Probit Model 33
5.1.1 以ISO定義組織變革 33
5.1.2 以業務電腦化帶來的變革效果定義組織變革 35
5.2 組織變革之實證結果-The Ordered Probit Model 36
5.3 薪資方程式之實證結果 37
5.3.1 以職業類別作為技術與非技術勞工之分類 38
5.3.2 以教育程度別作為技術與非技術勞工之分類 41





陸、 結論與建議 54
6.1 影響組織變革相關因素 54
6.2 組織變革相關變數對於實質薪資的影響 55
6.3 對企業組織的建議 56
6.4 對政府政策的建議 57
6.5 研究限制與未來研究建議 57

柒、 參考文獻 61

捌、 附錄 64
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