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研究生:陳仁龍
研究生(外文):Ren-Long Chen
論文名稱:結構資本、吸收能力、知識整合與組織創新能力之影響-以創新育成中心進駐廠商為例
論文名稱(外文):An Empirical Study on the Relationships among Structural Capital, Absorptive Capacity, Knowledge Integration, and Organizational Innovation Capability - The Case of Enterprises within Incubation Centers
指導教授:余明助余明助引用關係陳儀蓉陳儀蓉引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ming-Chu YuYi-Jung Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄應用科技大學
系所名稱:人力資源發展系碩士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:120
中文關鍵詞:結構資本吸收能力知識整合組織創新能力
外文關鍵詞:Structural CapitalAbsorptive CapacityKnowledge IntegrationOrganizational Innovation Capability
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摘要
台灣中小企業面臨人力匱乏以及研發技術不夠成熟的問題,需要不斷吸收與應用新知識來維持競爭能力。知識是組織最重要的策略性資源,創新的商品與流程設計需要依賴管理能力與吸收能力來整合分散的專業知識。而進駐創新育成中心的廠商在面對競爭壓力下,要能有效運用知識與資源才能驅動創新。因此,本研究主要探討進駐創新育成中心的廠商要如何應用吸收能力與知識整合,提昇本身的創新能力。
本研究目的在於探討結構資本、吸收能力、知識整合與組織創新能力之間的關係。以進駐創新育成中心的廠商為母體,共回收116份有效問卷,針對此樣本,透過驗證性因素分析、信度分析、結構方程模式與變異數分析等統計方法進行資料分析與驗證。實證研究結果發現結構資本分別對吸收能力與知識整合產生顯著正向影響,而結構資本對組織創新能力並沒有顯著影響,但是會透過吸收能力與知識整合之中介效果顯著影響組織創新能力;吸收能力與知識整合會分別正向影響組織創新能力,而且吸收能力也會透過知識整合之中介效果顯著影響組織創新能力,故本研究建議廠商應注重培養吸收能力與強化知識整合,才能藉由知識提升組織創新能力。
Abstract
The small and medium enterprises of Taiwan need to assimilate and use new knowledge to maintain the competitive capability that can solve the problems, such as lack of manpower, and R&D technology. Knowledge is the most important strategic resource of the organizations, innovative products and processes depends on absorptive capacity and management to integrate specialized knowledge. Under the competitive pressure, the enterprises within Incubation Centers have to drive the innovation by using knowledge and resource. Thus, the paper tends to study the enterprises within Incubation Centers how to use the absorptive capacity and knowledge integration to promote the organizational innovation capability.
The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship among structural capital, absorptive capacity, knowledge integration, and organizational innovation capability. One hundred and sixteen effective surveys were received by the enterprises within Incubation Centers. The data was analyzed by factor analysis, reliability analysis, structural equation model, and variance analysis to measure the relationship among the constructs. Results showed that structural capital has a positive influence on absorptive capacity and knowledge integration. Structural capital is not a significant influence on organizational innovation capability. Absorptive capacity and knowledge integration has a positive influence on organizational innovation capability. The mediating effects of absorptive capacity and knowledge integration towards structural capital can positively influence on organizational innovation capability, and the mediating effects of knowledge integration towards absorptive capacity can positively influence on organizational innovation capability. As a result it is suggested that the enterprises cultivate absorptive capacity and knowledge integration to improve the organizational innovation capability with knowledge.
目 錄
摘要 I
Abstract II
目 錄 III
表 目 錄 IV
圖 目 錄 V
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 4
第三節 研究範圍 5
第四節 研究流程 6
第二章 文獻探討 7
第一節 結構資本 7
第二節 吸收能力 16
第三節 知識整合 24
第四節 組織創新能力 35
第五節 各變項間關係之推導 41
第三章 研究方法 52
第一節 研究架構 52
第二節 研究假設 54
第三節 研究變數之操作性定義與衡量 55
第四節 抽樣方法與樣本 63
第五節 因素分析與信度分析 66
第四章 實證結果與分析 73
第一節 研究架構整體模式分析 73
第二節 不同企業特性在各構面間之差異分析 86
第五章 結論與建議 93
第一節 結果與討論 93
第二節 研究意涵與建議 97
第三節 後續研究方向與建議 99
第四節 研究限制 100
參考文獻 101
一、中文部份 101
二、英文部份 103
附錄-本研究問卷 116
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