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研究生:喬威敦
研究生(外文):WEI-TUN CHIAO
論文名稱:攝取樟芝多醣體對於長期中高強度訓練之運動員免疫系統與肝指數之研究
論文名稱(外文):The research of taking antrodia camphorate polysaccharide on immunoglobulin and liver functions of the athletes going through extended length of mid-high-intensity training
指導教授:陳坤檸陳坤檸引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kunning Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立屏東教育大學
系所名稱:體育學系
學門:民生學門
學類:運動休閒及休閒管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:55
中文關鍵詞:樟芝多醣體肝指數游泳訓練免疫球蛋白
外文關鍵詞:liver functionimmunoglobulinswimming training
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
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  • 下載下載:236
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:3
本次研究目的在於攝取樟芝多醣體對於長期中高強度訓練之優秀游泳運動員免疫系統與肝指數之影響與回復。本次研究方式為將針對高中游泳男女選手共7名,其中三位為女性選手;平均訓練泳齡為7.4±1.3年,平均年齡16.14±1.86歲,平均身高163.45±5.75公分,平均體重55.22±3.28公斤,進行四星期中高強度游泳訓練,分為前後各2週,前兩週為前測,後兩週服用牛樟芝多醣體為後測,檢測牛樟芝多醣體對於免疫球蛋白(IgA、IgG與IgM)的免疫抑制與肝指數(GOT與GPT)的影響。各項資料以單一樣本t檢定與單因子變異數分析進行資料分析。研究結果顯示,牛樟芝多醣體對個體免疫球蛋白沒有顯著的效果,但能夠提升個體訓練後免疫球蛋白的濃度。而肝指數上,牛樟芝多醣體對GPT呈現顯著差異(p<.05),GOT雖有下降,但是呈現不顯著。經過討論之後,獲得以下結論,服用牛樟芝多醣體對於選手來說是營養補給品,可確保選手在訓練後身體之保健,以及在比賽期間提升免疫功能,與降低中、高強度運動訓練對肝臟功能之傷害。
The purpose of the study was to demonstrate that mid-high-intensity competitive sports resulted as burden on the athletes physical, making the athletes unable to perform at its original level and standards; long periods of mid-high-intensity training during practice generated excessive exercise stress and will have an impact on the the athletes immune system and liver function. This study was aimed at showing the influence of taking antrodia camphorate polysaccharide on mid-high-intensity swimming training, demonstrating the effects it had on high school swimmers'' immunoglobulin and liver function. This study was performed on three female and four male high school swimmers, having them go through a week of mid-high-intensity swimming training. The average training age for these athletes is 7.4 ± 1.3 years, with an average age of 16.14 ± 1.86years. The average height is 163.45 ± 5.75 cm, and the average weight of 55.22 ± 3.28 kg. The 4 week mid-high-intensity swimming training experiment was conducted in two stages of 2 weeks each. The first 2 weeks was the control group, the last 2 weeks was the experimentation group. The experimentation group had to take Antrodia camphorate polysaccharide to see if antrodia camphorate polysaccharide can increase the immunoglobulin IgA, IgG and IgM and also let the liver function decrease. The data processing was based on single T analysis and one-way ANOVA(α=.05). The results showed that Antrodia camphorate polysaccharide had no effect on immunoglobulin IgA, IgG and IgM. The results also showed that it had a big impact on GPT, but less effective on GOT, although it does lower GOT concentration. In conclusion, antrodia camphorate polysaccharide is a good nutrition supplement for athletes. It is beneficial to atheletes'' immune systems, avoiding virus infection and ensure quality performance during their events.
中文摘要-------------------------------------------------------------------------I
英文摘要------------------------------------------------------------------------Ⅱ
目次------------------------------------------------------------------------------Ⅲ
表次------------------------------------------------------------------------------Ⅵ
圖次------------------------------------------------------------------------------Ⅶ
第壹章 緒論---------------------------------------------------------------------1
第一節 研究背景---------------------------------------------------------------1
第二節 研究目的---------------------------------------------------------------5
第三節 研究假設---------------------------------------------------------------5
第四節 研究範圍與限制------------------------------------------------------5
第五節 名詞操作型定義------------------------------------------------------6
第貳章 文獻探討---------------------------------------------------------------8
第一節 高強度運動對於免疫功能與肝指數的影響---------------------8
第二節 營養攝取對免疫系統功能的影響-------------------------------14
第三節 牛樟芝多醣體對免疫系統與肝指數的影響-------------------18
第四節 結語-------------------------------------------------------------------23

第叁章 研究方法與步驟----------------------------------------------------24
第一節 研究設計-------------------------------------------------------------24
第二節 實驗步驟-------------------------------------------------------------24
第三節 研究對象-------------------------------------------------------------26
第四節 研究工具-------------------------------------------------------------26
第五節 實驗方法-------------------------------------------------------------27
第六節 資料處理-------------------------------------------------------------29
第肆章 結果與討論----------------------------------------------------------30
第一節 受試者基本生理特徵及各項指標描述分析-------------------30
第二節 服用牛樟芝多醣體對中、高強度運動對免疫球蛋白的影
響----------------------------------------------------------------------34
第三節 樟芝多醣體對於中、高強度訓練後的肝指數影響----------39
第伍章 結論與建議----------------------------------------------------------42
第一節 結 論-----------------------------------------------------------------42
第二節 建 議-----------------------------------------------------------------43
參考文獻------------------------------------------------------------------------44
中文部份------------------------------------------------------------------------44
英文部分------------------------------------------------------------------------46

附錄一 實驗參與者同意書--------------------------------------------------52
附錄二 實驗參與者須知-----------------------------------------------------53
附錄三 問卷基本資料--------------------------------------------------------54
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