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研究生:凃艷秋
研究生(外文):chung tu yen chiu
論文名稱:寬恕信念的評量與相關影響因素之研究-以高雄地區幼兒教師為例
論文名稱(外文):A Study on Measurement of Forgiveness Beliefs and Associative factors: Preschool Teachers from Kaohsiung
指導教授:朱元祥朱元祥引用關係
指導教授(外文):Dr.Yuan-Hsiang Chu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:樹德科技大學
系所名稱:幼兒保育學系
學門:社會服務學門
學類:兒童保育學類
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:94
中文關鍵詞:幼兒教師寬恕信念
外文關鍵詞:preschool teacherforgiveness beliefs
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摘 要

本研究旨在發展幼兒教師寬恕信念量表,並透過寬恕信念量表蒐集實證資料來探索幼兒教師的寬恕信念以及相關影響因素。研究者以問卷調查450名高雄地區公私立幼稚園托兒所的幼兒教師,蒐集實證資料並藉由探索性因素分析、驗證性因素分析、變異數分析進行統計分析。探索性因素分析結果發現幼兒教師寬恕信念量表心理計量品質良好,是一具有信度與效度的測量工具。驗證性因素分析結果發現包含寬恕他人、寬恕自己二向度的幼兒教師寬恕信念假設模式契合觀察資料。變異數分析結果發現造成幼兒教師寬恕差異的因素包含年齡、年資、園所性質等。平均數差異比較顯示幼兒教師的年齡越大,寬恕信念越佳;幼兒教師年資越久,寬恕信念越佳;幼稚園的幼兒教師寬恕信念優於托兒所幼兒教師的寬恕信念。研究者根據研究發現對幼兒教師、幼兒園、政府機構以及未來研究提出相關建議。
關鍵字:幼兒教師、寬恕信念
Abstract
The purposes of this research were to develop preschool teachers’ forgiveness beliefs scale (PTFBS), and explore preschool teacher forgiveness beliefs and associative background variables. Questionnaire survey was conducted with 450 preschool teachers from Kaohsiung area. Each preschool teacher was administered PTFBS assessing forgiveness beliefs. Statistically, exploratory factor analysis (EFA), confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), analysis of variance (ANOVA), was applied to the quantitative procedures of parameter estimations and measurement model test.
The results of exploratory factor analysis showed that PTFBS has good psychometric quality, and is a reliable and valid instrument. By utilizing second order confirmatory factor analysis to examine the preschool teachers’ life meaning measurement model, we found that the hypothesis model fitted the observed data, and composite structure of preschool teacher forgiveness beliefs includes forgiveness of others and self-forgiveness. According to ANOVA, we found that age, working years and type of preschool had potential association with preschool teachers’ forgiveness beliefs. Based on the findings, suggestions for preschool teachers, preschools, government and future study were included in this study
Key words: preschool teacher, forgiveness beliefs
目 次
中文摘要---------------------------------------- Ⅰ
英文摘要----------------------------------------- Ⅱ
誌謝詞------------------------------------------- Ⅲ
目錄--------------------------------------------- Ⅳ
表目錄------------------------------------------- Ⅴ
圖目錄------------------------------------------- Ⅵ
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究動機--------------------------------- 1
第二節 研究目的---------------------------------- 5
第三節 名詞釋義---------------------------------- 6
第四節 研究限制--------------------------------- 8
第二章 文獻探討
第一節 寬恕的涵義------------------------------- 10
第二節 寬恕的評量----------------------------------- 17
第三節 影響寬恕的人口背景變項----------------------- 20
第三章 研究方法
第一節 研究架構與假設------------------------------- 25
第二節 研究對象--------------------------------- 29
第三節 研究工具------------------------------------- 33
第四節 實施程序------------------------------------- 37
第四章 研究結果
第一節 幼兒教師之寬恕信念因素結構------------------- 40
第二節 幼兒教師寬恕信念構面差異--------------------- 47
第三節 不同背景變項幼兒教師寬恕信念的差異----------- 49
第五章 結論與建議
第一節 結論 --------------------------------------- 64
第二節 建議----------------------------------------- 67
參考文獻
中文部份--------------------------------------------- 71
英文部分--------------------------------------------- 73
附錄
一、正式量表-------------------------------------- 79
二、LISREL 語法----------------------------------- 82
三、SPSS 語法------------------------------------- 88
四、研究工具同意書--------------------------------- 94
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